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HER Number:MDV7782
Name:Buckfast Abbey tithe barn, Buckfastleigh

Summary

Barn to Buckfast Abbey. Probably late-13th century in origin, reduced in width and height and, later (c1970s), converted to houses. Local grey limestone and slatestone rubble; slate roof, gabled at ends. Sited at some distance from the Abbey complex. Aligned west-east. The barn was 7 bays with a central midstrey. Although severely and insensitively altered this is an important medieval survival and another significant medieval building in the Buckfast Abbey group.

Location

Grid Reference:SX 737 674
Map Sheet:SX76NW
Admin AreaDartmoor National Park
Civil ParishBuckfastleigh
DistrictTeignbridge
Ecclesiastical ParishBUCKFASTLEIGH

Protected Status

Other References/Statuses

  • Old DCC SMR Ref: SX76NW/6
  • Old Listed Building Ref (II)

Monument Type(s) and Dates

  • TITHE BARN (Built, XIII - 1250 AD to 1299 AD (Between))
  • HOUSE (Altered, XX - 1960 AD to 1979 AD (Between))

Full description

Rowe, J. B., 1884, Recent Excavations at Buckfast Abbey (Article in Serial). SDV348426.

The home grange of the Abbey (of Buckfast), with extensive barns and other buildings still in existence.


Sheldon, L., 1932, Devon Barns, 395 (Article in Serial). SDV116684.

Buckfast Abbey Tithe Barn. The barn is some way from the abbey, now belonging to a house called the grange. It has no features by which one would identify it as having been a monastic barn. It is T-shaped, the cross-piece is a long, plain, slate roofed building of stone. It has no porch nor does it show any signs of ever having had one, neither are there any windows or openings in the long side. At one gable end there appear to be narrow slit openings. The interior is divided by a high wall. The upright of the T is short; it is about the same width and height as the main building and has a timber roof of simple rafters. The whole barn is much encumbered by sheds and lean-tos and is not well kept or cared for.


Ordnance Survey Archaeology Division, 1951, SX76NW12 (Ordnance Survey Archaeology Division Card). SDV310468.

There is an old Tithe Barn, 100 feet long at the Grange. These great barns were a prominent feature of the establishments of the agricultural Cistercians (citing Winbolt, S. E., M.A. Devon, 1929, page 151).
5/7/1951 The barn is in fairly good condition. It has ragstone walls with one or two granite blocks in the sides of the main doorway which is on the south side of the barn opposite the small extension of the projection on the north side. The main body of the barn is slate roofed and the small projecting part has been re-roofed with galvanised iron. The barn appears to be generally in its original condition with only slight alterations.
The adjoining farm buildings, although ragstone built, do not appear to be of great antiquity. The Grange, a modern house, stands 50 metres to the south of the barn.


Pevsner, N., 1952, The Buildings of England: South Devon, 69 (Monograph). SDV336217.


Department of Environment, 1983, Buckfastleigh, 17 (List of Blds of Arch or Historic Interest). SDV337043.

Remains of a medieval tithe barn of Buckfast Abbey, converted into two houses circa mid-20th century with additions on north side. Originally wider. The original south wall replaced by another reducing the width of the barn by about 10 feet. Thick stone rubble walls. New slate roof of low pitch, one end gabled, the other hipped. Two storeys. Seven window range. Modern casements with rendered surrounds.


Timms, S., 1984?, Tithe Barn, Buckfastleigh (Personal Comment). SDV292357.

Converted to residential use in the 1960s.


Ordnance Survey, 2017, MasterMap (Cartographic). SDV359962.

Building is depicted on the modern mapping.


Historic England, 2017, National Heritage List for England, Accessed 14/03/2017 (National Heritage List for England). SDV359963.

BUCKFASTLEIGH - SX76NW GRANGE ROAD, Buckfast 1011-1/1/37 (South side) 10/01/51 Nos 1 AND 2 Tithe Barn - GV II
Formerly known as: Abbey Barn at Grange Farm GRANGE ROAD Buckfast. Barn to Buckfast Abbey. Probably late C13 in origin, reduced in width and height and, later (c1970s), converted to houses. Local grey limestone and slatestone rubble; slate roof, gabled at ends.
Plan: sited at some distance from the abbey complex. Aligned west-east. A plan of 1935 by AW Everett indicates that the original south side wall has been demolished and rebuilt on a line further north. The barn was 7 bays with a central midstrey, the evidence of the original roof construction noted by Everett prior to the conversion indicated what would now be interpreted as a former base cruck roof. Everett also noted a former horse engine house to the north.
EXTERIOR: the early medieval walls are battered rather than buttressed. The rear (north elevation) is the most complete and mostly blind to east of a projecting rear wing, now a 3rd house. Small, secondary doorway in centre of exposed rear wall. End walls extend to their full medieval width, according to Everett's plan, but the southern parts are now garden walls to the houses. South elevation has seven C20 small-pane casements and C20 ground-floor windows and doors, including a garage door. East end wall not seen externally but said by Everett to have at least 7 slits, 6 feet high with internal splays.
INTERIOR: west end house partially inspected. This retains some chamfered stopped crossbeams from an early loft, although the date is uncertain. Roof: not inspected but said to be modern timbers. The archaeological evidence for the roof form, noted by Everett, may still survive inside the barn. Although severely and insensitively altered this is an important medieval survival and another significant medieval building in the Buckfast Abbey group.
Listing NGR: SX7373667418

Sources / Further Reading

SDV116684Article in Serial: Sheldon, L.. 1932. Devon Barns. Transactions of the Devonshire Association. 64. A5 Hardback. 395.
SDV292357Personal Comment: Timms, S.. 1984?. Tithe Barn, Buckfastleigh. Not Applicable.
SDV310468Ordnance Survey Archaeology Division Card: Ordnance Survey Archaeology Division. 1951. SX76NW12. Ordnance Survey Archaeology Division Card. Card Index.
SDV336217Monograph: Pevsner, N.. 1952. The Buildings of England: South Devon. The Buildings of England: South Devon. Paperback Volume. 69.
SDV337043List of Blds of Arch or Historic Interest: Department of Environment. 1983. Buckfastleigh. Historic Houses Register. A4 Spiral Bound. 17.
SDV348426Article in Serial: Rowe, J. B.. 1884. Recent Excavations at Buckfast Abbey. Transactions of the Devonshire Association. 16. A5 Hardback.
SDV359962Cartographic: Ordnance Survey. 2017. MasterMap. Ordnance Survey Digital Mapping. Digital. [Mapped feature: #104746 ]
SDV359963National Heritage List for England: Historic England. 2017. National Heritage List for England. Historic Houses Register. Digital. Accessed 14/03/2017.

Associated Monuments

MDV108100Part of: The Grange Farmstead, Buckfastleigh (Monument)
MDV7808Related to: Buckfast Abbey (Building)

Associated Finds: none recorded

Associated Events: none recorded


Date Last Edited:Mar 14 2017 3:09PM