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HER Number:MDV78080
Name:Stowford Farm, Harford

Summary

Farmstead dates to at least the 16th century, based on the date of the manor house, later rebuilt in the 18th century. Documentary sources suggest a 15th century date. During renovation works to the house in the late 1940s, remains of Tudor doors and fireplaces were uncovered, as well as a pre-Tudor window which may be part of a early chapel recorded at Stowford in 1400. Changes to the buildings north-west of the house have seen some of those structures shown on the 19th century maps replaced with modern buildings.

Location

Grid Reference:SX 641 570
Map Sheet:SX65NW
Admin AreaDartmoor National Park
Civil ParishHarford
DistrictSouth Hams
Ecclesiastical ParishUNKNOWN
Ecclesiastical ParishHARFORD

Protected Status: none recorded

Other References/Statuses

  • Old DCC SMR Ref: SX65NW/22/1
  • Old DCC SMR Ref: SX65NW/22/2

Monument Type(s) and Dates

  • FARMSTEAD (Constructed, XIV to XVI - 1400 AD? to 1599 AD (Between))

Full description

South West Heritage Trust, 1838-1848, Digitised Tithe Maps and Transcribed Apportionments (Cartographic). SDV359954.

Tithe Map shows Stowford with the rebuilt manor house and a series of ranges of farm buildings, mostly lying to the north-west of the house, one L-shaped and two rectangular.


Ordnance Survey, 1880-1899, First Edition Ordnance 25 inch map (Cartographic). SDV336179.

The late 19th century historic map shows considerable change to the farm buildings north-west of the house. The L-shaped range is gone and the rectangular ranges have been extended. The southern has an additional wing added at the north-eastern end, bordering a yard to the south.


Ordnance Survey, 1904 - 1906, Second Edition Ordnance Survey 25 inch Map (Cartographic). SDV325644.

Appears unchanged from the previous map depiction.


Worth, R. H., 1967, Worth's Dartmoor, 376-7 (Monograph). SDV337618.

Worth includes drawings of the quern.


Ryan, L., 1973, An Obscure Place. A History of Stowford in the parish of Harford, Devon, 35, 78 with photograph. (Monograph). SDV340926.

Photograph of quern and mention of carved corbel.


Hankin, C. F., 1977-1979, Harford Parish Checklist, 21/3/1979 and Dec 1980 (Worksheet). SDV149931.

Lower stone of quern. When R. H. Worth saw it, it was at Ivybridge, and he describes it: "Original location unknown. Material, Roborough Elvan. Circular, but divided by fillets into eight panels, one of which, larger than the others, bears a mask, the mouth of which forms the outlet for the flour. Diameter of trough 11 3/4 inches (29.85 centimetres), depth 2 1/4 inches (5.71 centimetres). The rim of the stone ornamented with a lightly incised chevron".
Stowford House, carved corbel. The carving is very much worn (1980), and its age is not known.


Hankin, C. F., 1980, An Archaeological Check-List for Harford, 21/3/1979 and Dec 1980 (Un-published). SDV361875.

Lower stone of quern. When R. H. Worth saw it, it was at Ivybridge, and he describes it: "Original location unknown. Material, Roborough Elvan. Circular, but divided by fillets into eight panels, one of which, larger than the others, bears a mask, the mouth of which forms the outlet for the flour. Diameter of trough 11 3/4 inches (29.85 centimetres), depth 2 1/4 inches (5.71 centimetres). The rim of the stone ornamented with a lightly incised chevron".
Stowford House, carved corbel. The carving is very much worn (1980), and its age is not known.


Dartmoor National Park Authority, 1993 - 1997, Dartmoor National Park Authority Farmstead Survey 1993-1997 (Report - Survey). SDV344544.

Farmstead included in survey. Visited on 11/09//1995.


Ordnance Survey, 2018, MasterMap 2018 (Cartographic). SDV360652.

The modern map shows changes to the southern range of farm buildings, which only partially survives. A large modern building has replaced the south-western end of the range and overlies much of the yard area.


Waterhouse, R., Unknown, Stowford (Record Office Collection). SDV361111.

The origins of Stowford are uncertain, but the house was of sufficient importance by 1400 to have a private chapel, dedicated to St Nicholas.
From the early C16 to 1566, Stowford was occupied by the Williams family, the last of whom Thomas Williams was Speaker of the House of Commons in 1563. After his death in 1566, Stowford seems to have passed to John and Agnes Prideaux, members of an extensive Devonian and Cornish family, whose son John Prideaux, born at Stowford in 1578, was Bishop of Worcester from 1641-1650. The house was clearly substantial in that period, as the 1664 Hearth Tax records 14 hearths there.

Sources / Further Reading

SDV149931Worksheet: Hankin, C. F.. 1977-1979. Harford Parish Checklist. Parish Checklist. Digital. 21/3/1979 and Dec 1980.
SDV325644Cartographic: Ordnance Survey. 1904 - 1906. Second Edition Ordnance Survey 25 inch Map. Second Edition Ordnance Survey 25 inch Map. Map (Digital).
SDV336179Cartographic: Ordnance Survey. 1880-1899. First Edition Ordnance 25 inch map. First Edition Ordnance Survey 25 inch Map. Map (Digital).
SDV337618Monograph: Worth, R. H.. 1967. Worth's Dartmoor. Worth's Dartmoor. A5 Hardback. 376-7.
SDV340926Monograph: Ryan, L.. 1973. An Obscure Place. A History of Stowford in the parish of Harford, Devon. An Obscure Place. Paperback Volume. 35, 78 with photograph..
SDV344544Report - Survey: Dartmoor National Park Authority. 1993 - 1997. Dartmoor National Park Authority Farmstead Survey 1993-1997. dartmoor National Park Authority. Mixed Archive Material.
SDV359954Cartographic: South West Heritage Trust. 1838-1848. Digitised Tithe Maps and Transcribed Apportionments. Tithe Map and Apportionment. Digital.
SDV360652Cartographic: Ordnance Survey. 2018. MasterMap 2018. Ordnance Survey Digital Mapping. Digital. [Mapped feature: #104991 ]
SDV361111Record Office Collection: Waterhouse, R.. Unknown. Stowford. http://www.devonruralarchive.com/Stowford.html. Website.
SDV361875Un-published: Hankin, C. F.. 1980. An Archaeological Check-List for Harford. Devon Archaeological Society Publication. 11. A4 Comb Bound. 21/3/1979 and Dec 1980.

Associated Monuments

MDV122001Parent of: Farm buildings at Stowford House, Harford (Building)
MDV122002Parent of: Farm buildings at Stowford House, Harford (Building)
MDV122005Parent of: Incised stone in wall north-east of farm, Stowford (Monument)
MDV2853Parent of: Stowford House, Harford (Building)
MDV13132Related to: Lukesland Farm leat, Harford (Monument)
MDV13101Related to: Stowford Farm Cottage, Harford (Building)

Associated Finds

  • FDV2938 - CORBEL (Unknown date)
  • FDV5788 - QUERN (Post Medieval to XIX - 1540 AD to 1900 AD)

Associated Events: none recorded


Date Last Edited:Sep 10 2018 3:54PM