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HER Number:MDV78139
Name:Treasbeare Farm Battle Headquarters

Summary

Treasbeare Farm Battle Headquarters associated with the RAF Exeter to the immediate south is visible as a range of structures and earthwork pit and banked features on aerial photographs of 1944 onwards. Several structures are extant on the Ordnance Survey 2015 MasterMap.

Location

Grid Reference:SY 007 942
Map Sheet:SY09SW
Admin AreaDevon
Civil ParishClyst Honiton
DistrictEast Devon
Ecclesiastical ParishCLYST HONITON

Protected Status

Other References/Statuses

  • National Monuments Record: 1428029

Monument Type(s) and Dates

  • BARBED WIRE ENTANGLEMENT (World War II - 1939 AD to 1945 AD (Between))
  • BARRACKS (World War II - 1939 AD to 1945 AD (Between))
  • WEAPONS PIT (World War II - 1939 AD to 1945 AD (Between))
  • BATTLE HEADQUARTERS (World War II - 1942 AD to 1945 AD (Between))

Full description

Royal Air Force, 1944, RAF/NLA/80, RAF/NLA/80 RP 3035-36 24-MAR-1944 (Aerial Photograph). SDV358954.

The battle headquarters is visible as a range of structures and earthwork features. Map object based on this source.

Royal Air Force, 1946, RAF/106G/UK/1412, RAF/106G/UK/1412 RP 3066-67 13-APR-1946 (Aerial Photograph). SDV352504.

The battle headquarters is visible as a range of structures and earthwork features. Map object based on this source.

Royal Air Force, 1946, RAF/106G/UK/1412, RAF/106G/UK/1412 RP 3067-68 13-APR-1946 (Aerial Photograph). SDV352504.

The battle headquarters is visible as a range of structures and earthwork features, although the barbed wire entanglements appear to have been levelled. Map object based on this source.

Royal Air Force, 1947, RAF/CPE/UK/1974, RAF/CPE/UK/1974 RP 3459 11-APR-1947 (Aerial Photograph). SDV356127.

The battle headquarters is visible as a range of structures and earthwork features. Map object based on this source.

Royal Air Force, 1963, RAF/543/2332, RAF/543/2332 2F21 022-23 26-JUL-1963 (Aerial Photograph). SDV354847.

The majority of the nissen huts and other structures to the west of the site have been demolished, although several remain extant. The earthwork pit and banked features to the east have been levelled.

Francis, P., 1999, Exeter Airport. Historic Airport Survey for Devon County Council & East Devon District Council (Report - non-specific). SDV323390.

With Treasbeare Farm as the main central strong point for station defence, a battle headquarters for co-ordinating airfield defences was built (circa 1942) on the edge of a small wooded copse just north of the farm buildings. The battle Headquarters was roughly located in the centre of the protected enclosure, the perimeter of which was defined by two or three rows of barbed wire. From 7th Septemner 1942, this area became the home of 2791 Squadron, Royal Air Force Regiment when it took responsibility for aerodrome defence from the 9 Buffs.
Extant in May 1999. Other details: 58.

Hegarty, C. + Knight, S. + Sims, R., 2014-2015, East and Mid Devon River Catchments National Mapping Programme Project (Interpretation). SDV356883.

Treasbeare Farm Battle Headquarters associated with the RAF Exeter to the immediate south is visible as a range of structures and earthwork pit and banked features on aerial photographs of 1944 onwards. The headquarters site, with Treasbeare Farm at its centre, occupies a prominent hilltop position of approximately 24.5 hectares. The extent of the site is defined by probable barbed-wire entanglements, characterised by a fairly irregular, and ziz-zag pattern. The site of RAF Exeter, which the battle headquarters served to protect, borders the site to the south. Towards the southwest portion of the site are a concentration of barrack blocks, service huts and other smaller structures which are distributed alongside two extant field boundaries. Other smaller structures are also present across the remainder of the site, including a pump house, pillbox and reservoir, as well as several structures centred around the farmhouse itself which may or may not be military in origin. Circular earthwork pit and banked features of possible gun pits are also present towards the eastern edge of the perimeter fencing. Post-war aerial photographs of 1946 and 1947 show the site of the battle headquarters as being largely unchanged, the only noticeable omission being the absence of the barbed-wire entanglements, although vegetation marks remain visible. By 1963, the majority of the nissen huts and other structures to the west of the site have been demolished, although several remain as extant structures. The earthwork pit and banked features have also been completely levelled by this time. The Ordnance Survey 2015 MasterMap show that a number of the smaller structures, such as the pump house, reservoir and a single nissen hut survive as extant structures, although there may well be additional structures and earthworks present not recorded by this survey. This parent monument record includes a number of individual child records which have not been amended as part of this survey due to time constraints. Structures transcriped as part of these records, such as the barrack blocks, have therefore been attributed the monument number of the parent record.

Ordnance Survey, 2015, MasterMap (Cartographic). SDV357601.

A number of the smaller structures and a single nissen hut survive and are depicted on the Ordnance Survey 2015 MasterMap.

Sources / Further Reading

SDV323390Report - non-specific: Francis, P.. 1999. Exeter Airport. Historic Airport Survey for Devon County Council & East Devon District Council. Airfield Research Publishing Report. Digital + A4.
SDV352504Aerial Photograph: Royal Air Force. 1946. RAF/106G/UK/1412. Royal Air Force Aerial Photograph. Photograph (Paper). RAF/106G/UK/1412 RP 3067-68 13-APR-1946.
SDV354847Aerial Photograph: Royal Air Force. 1963. RAF/543/2332. Royal Air Force Aerial Photograph. Photograph (Paper). RAF/543/2332 2F21 022-23 26-JUL-1963.
SDV356127Aerial Photograph: Royal Air Force. 1947. RAF/CPE/UK/1974. Royal Air Force Aerial Photograph. Photograph (Paper). RAF/CPE/UK/1974 RP 3459 11-APR-1947.
SDV356883Interpretation: Hegarty, C. + Knight, S. + Sims, R.. 2014-2015. East and Mid Devon River Catchments National Mapping Programme Project. AC Archaeology Report. Digital.
Linked documents:1
SDV357601Cartographic: Ordnance Survey. 2015. MasterMap. Ordnance Survey Digital Mapping. Digital.
SDV358954Aerial Photograph: Royal Air Force. 1944. RAF/NLA/80. Royal Air Force Aerial Photograph. Photograph (Paper). RAF/NLA/80 RP 3035-36 24-MAR-1944.

Associated Monuments

MDV48844Parent of: Barbed-Wire Entanglements associated with Treasbeare Farm Battle Headquarters (Monument)
MDV78386Parent of: Barrack Hut, Exeter Airfield (Monument)
MDV78577Parent of: Barrack Hut, Exeter Airfield (Monument)
MDV78601Parent of: Defence Post 18, Exeter Airfield (Monument)
MDV57808Parent of: Group of Barrack and Service Huts, Exeter Airfield (Monument)
MDV78578Parent of: Latrine, Exeter Airfield (Monument)
MDV55684Parent of: Pump House, Exeter Airfield Dispersed Accommodation (Monument)
MDV78388Parent of: Reservoir, Exeter Airfield Dispersed Accommodation (Monument)
MDV78382Parent of: Sleeping Shelter, Exeter Airfield (Monument)
MDV55677Parent of: Transformer Station, Exeter Airfield (Monument)
MDV48842Related to: Exeter Airfield (Military) (Monument)

Associated Finds: none recorded

Associated Events

  • EDV4774 - Historic Airport Survey, Exeter Airport
  • EDV6530 - The East and Mid-Devon Rivers Catchment NMP project (Ref: ACD613)
  • EDV4887 - Assessment Two Areas of Highway to the East of Exeter

Date Last Edited:Mar 13 2020 8:19AM