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HER Number:MDV7837
Name:Caroline Wheal Prosper Tin Mine, West Buckfastleigh

Summary

Caroline Wheal Prosper tin mine was probably worked from at least the 15th century but the main activity occured for a few years in the mid 19th century

Location

Grid Reference:SX 698 657
Map Sheet:SX66NE
Admin AreaDartmoor National Park
Civil ParishWest Buckfastleigh
DistrictSouth Hams
Ecclesiastical ParishWEST BUCKFASTLEIGH

Protected Status: none recorded

Other References/Statuses

  • Old DCC SMR Ref: SX76NW/38

Monument Type(s) and Dates

  • MINE (XIV to XIX - 1400 AD to 1900 AD (Between))

Full description

Ordnance Survey, 1880-1899, First Edition Ordnance 25 inch map (Cartographic). SDV336179.

Several buildings shown on 19th century map at the junction of the Dean Burn and a small tributary joining from the west.


Harris, H., 1968, Industrial Archaeology of Dartmoor, 189 (Monograph). SDV149229.

Caroline Wheal Prosper, just below Wallaford Down, in the woods beside a tributary of the Dean Burn, is a large wheel pit and an adit, and the remains of some buildings. A depression could be the remains of Williams Shaft, originally 15 fathoms deep. Opened for tin in about 1854, it evidently did not achieve great importance, and there are no records of yields. Billings' directory of 1857 states that this mine, the property of the Earl of Macclesfield, had been opened from ancient workings made in the reign of Henry VI - a piece of gold coin was found in removing rubbish to make the wheel pit.


Greeves, T. A. P., 1990, An Assessment of Dartmoor Tinworking, 30 (Report - Assessment). SDV343684.

Site visited on 24th October 1980. The remains of a fine wheelpit lie to the east of an impressive rock cut adit. Nearby is a large area terraced into the hillside - probably a dressing floor. East of the wheelpit is a pit and a stone faced boatshaped settling pit. Other dressing floors and blocked adits lie on the opposite side of Dean Burn, and a leat leads to the wheelpit.


Newman , P., 2004, Caroline Wheal Prosper: a Tin Mine at Buckfastleigh in Devon (Report - Survey). SDV359664.

Caroline Wheal Prosper was a small unsuccessful tin mine sited in Larkham Woods to the west of Buckfastleighwhich operasted between 1854 and 1857. The remains are spread along the north side of a small tributary of the Dean Burn. The main area contains the the house and office, the dressing floors and wheel pit with a shaft and spoil heaps 700 metres to the west. Earlier activity is evidenced by a small openwork near the lower adit and a reservoir. Shallow trial pits near the 19th century shaft may also be from earlier prospecting. A gold coin of Henry VI (1422-1471) was discovered in 1855 in association with the wheelpit.

Sources / Further Reading

SDV149229Monograph: Harris, H.. 1968. Industrial Archaeology of Dartmoor. Industrial Archaeology of Dartmoor. A5 Hardback. 189.
SDV336179Cartographic: Ordnance Survey. 1880-1899. First Edition Ordnance 25 inch map. First Edition Ordnance Survey 25 inch Map. Map (Digital).
SDV343684Report - Assessment: Greeves, T. A. P.. 1990. An Assessment of Dartmoor Tinworking. Digital. 30.
SDV359664Report - Survey: Newman , P.. 2004. Caroline Wheal Prosper: a Tin Mine at Buckfastleigh in Devon. English Heritage Survey Report. A1/29/2004. [Mapped feature: #105246 ]

Associated Monuments

MDV115524Parent of: Deep Adit East at Caroline Wheal Prosper Tin Mine, West Buckfastleigh (Monument)
MDV115521Parent of: Dressing Floor and Buddles at Caroline Wheal Prosper Tin Mine, West Buckfastleigh (Monument)
MDV115518Parent of: House and Office at Caroline Wheal Prosper Tin Mine, West Buckfastleigh (Building)
MDV115522Parent of: Leat at Caroline Wheal Prosper Tin Mine, West Buckfastleigh (Monument)
MDV115519Parent of: Magazine at Caroline Wheal Prosper Tin Mine, West Buckfastleigh (Building)
MDV115523Parent of: Tramway at Caroline Wheal Prosper Tin Mine, West Buckfastleigh (Monument)
MDV115520Parent of: Wheelpit at Caroline Wheal Prosper Tin Mine, West Buckfastleigh (Monument)
MDV13204Parent of: William's Shaft and Adit at Caroline Wheal Prosper Tin Mine, West Buckfastleigh (Monument)

Associated Finds: none recorded

Associated Events

  • EDV7005 - Caroline Wheal Prosper: a Tin Mine at Buckfastleigh in Devon (Ref: A1/29/2004)

Date Last Edited:Jul 8 2016 3:53PM