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HER Number:MDV7847
Name:Stone cross west of St. Mary's Abbey Church, Buckfastleigh

Summary

Remains of medieval cross. Granite. Broken cross-head (one arm missing) with hollow chamfered moulding.

Location

Grid Reference:SX 740 674
Map Sheet:SX76NW
Admin AreaDartmoor National Park
Civil ParishBuckfastleigh
DistrictTeignbridge
Ecclesiastical ParishBUCKFASTLEIGH

Protected Status

Other References/Statuses

  • National Monuments Record: SX 76 NW 19
  • Old DCC SMR Ref: SX76NW/48
  • Old Listed Building Ref (II)
  • Pastscape: 444831

Monument Type(s) and Dates

  • CROSS (Constructed, Medieval - 1066 AD to 1539 AD (Between))

Full description

Masson Phillips, E. N., 1937, The Ancient Stone Crosses of Devon: Part I, 314 (Article in Serial). SDV240502.

Masson Phillips, E. N., 1943, Supplementary Notes on the Ancient Stone Crosses of Devon. (Third Paper), 262 (Article in Serial). SDV320746.

The cross set up in the circular green in front of the abbey church came from Moor Shop, Sampford Spiney. The upper portion of a cross of octagonal section hollow chamfered with one arm broken away. The other arm and the head are intact and are straight, as is the shaft.

Ordnance Survey Archaeology Division, 1951, SX76NW19, 13/7/1951 (Ordnance Survey Archaeology Division Card). SDV294279.

Medieval stone cross not in situ.
Masson Phillip's description is correct except the cross has been moved and now set up by a path. Its place on the green taken by the cross moved from Great Palstone.

Masson Phillips, E. N., 1954, Supplementary Notes on the Ancient Stone Crosses of Devon (Fourth Paper), 186, (Article in Serial). SDV15725.

Department of Environment, 1983, Buckfastleigh, 3 (List of Blds of Arch or Historic Interest). SDV337043.

Remains of medieval granite cross head, one arm missing, and set in concrete base 40 metres west-north-west of Abbey Church.

Department of Environment, 1985, Images of listed buildings in Buckfastleigh, 15/07/1985 (Photograph). SDV359974.

Watson, A., 2007-2017?, Devon Crosses, 66 (Un-published). SDV360833.

Buckfast Abbey (Moorshp). Moorshop Cross stands in the grounds of Buckfast Abbey. An upper portion of a cross of octagonal section (hollow chamfer) with one arm broken away. The existing arm and head are intact and are straight, as is the shaft. At the point where the missing arm has been broken off are two round holes which appear to indicate an attempt to repair the cross by dowelling. The cross was found in 1937, having been buried under the garden patch in front of the window of the ‘Old Smithy’ at Moorshop crossroads about two and a half miles east of Tavistock. At that time it was intended to erect the cross by the roadside nearby, the Second World War caught up with events and to safeguard the cross it was presented by the owner to the monks of Buckfast Abbey who have been its guardians ever since. The original site of the cross is unknown, but the ‘Old Smithy’, where it was found, stands on an ancient road connecting Okehampton with Plympton and Plymouth.
Cross height 0.78 metres, span 0.40 metres.

Ordnance Survey, 2016, MasterMap (Cartographic). SDV359352.

'Crosses' depicted on the modern mapping.

Historic England, 2016, National Heritage List for England, Accessed 13/07/2016 (National Heritage List for England). SDV359353.

BUCKFASTLEIGH - SX7467 BUCKFAST ROAD, Buckfast 1011-1/5/26 Cross approximately 40 metres west 06/01/83 of St Mary's Abbey Church (Formerly Listed as: BUCKFAST ROAD, Buckfast Cross approx. 40m to WNW of St Mary's Abbey Church) - GV II
Remains of medieval cross. Granite. Broken cross-head (one arm missing) with hollow chamfered moulding.
Listing NGR: SX7406667421

Sources / Further Reading

SDV15725Article in Serial: Masson Phillips, E. N.. 1954. Supplementary Notes on the Ancient Stone Crosses of Devon (Fourth Paper). Transactions of the Devonshire Association. 86. A5 Hardback. 186,.
SDV240502Article in Serial: Masson Phillips, E. N.. 1937. The Ancient Stone Crosses of Devon: Part I. Transactions of the Devonshire Association. 69. A5 Hardback. 314.
SDV294279Ordnance Survey Archaeology Division Card: Ordnance Survey Archaeology Division. 1951. SX76NW19. Ordnance Survey Archaeology Division Card. Card Index. 13/7/1951.
SDV320746Article in Serial: Masson Phillips, E. N.. 1943. Supplementary Notes on the Ancient Stone Crosses of Devon. (Third Paper). Transactions of the Devonshire Association. 75. A5 Hardback. 262.
SDV337043List of Blds of Arch or Historic Interest: Department of Environment. 1983. Buckfastleigh. Historic Houses Register. A4 Spiral Bound. 3.
SDV359352Cartographic: Ordnance Survey. 2016. MasterMap. Ordnance Survey Digital Mapping. Digital. [Mapped feature: #128416 ]
SDV359353National Heritage List for England: Historic England. 2016. National Heritage List for England. Historic Houses Register. Digital. Accessed 13/07/2016.
SDV359974Photograph: Department of Environment. 1985. Images of listed buildings in Buckfastleigh. Photograph (Paper). 15/07/1985.
SDV360833Un-published: Watson, A.. 2007-2017?. Devon Crosses. Mixed Archive Material + Digital. 66.

Associated Monuments

MDV3611Related to: Cross on crossroads on the road to Two Bridges (Monument)
MDV7848Related to: Stone cross north-west of St. Mary's Abbey Church, Buckfast (Monument)

Associated Finds: none recorded

Associated Events: none recorded


Date Last Edited:Jan 18 2021 10:56AM