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HER Number:MDV7848
Name:Stone cross north-west of St. Mary's Abbey Church, Buckfast

Summary

This cross found by Great Palstone Farm, South Brent, has been restored and set up on the circular green in front of the Abbey in the position formerly occupied by the stone cross from Moorshop. It is of Masson Phillips type 'A' rough rectangular section cut from moorland granite. The head has been replaced on the shaft which is the same width as the stumpy arms below the head. On each face of the head there is an incised cross in outline.

Location

Grid Reference:SX 740 674
Map Sheet:SX76NW
Admin AreaDartmoor National Park
Civil ParishBuckfastleigh
DistrictTeignbridge
Ecclesiastical ParishBUCKFASTLEIGH

Protected Status

Other References/Statuses

  • National Monuments Record: SX 76 NW 17
  • Old DCC SMR Ref: SX76NW/48/1
  • Old Listed Building Ref (II)
  • Pastscape: 444827

Monument Type(s) and Dates

  • CROSS (Constructed, Medieval - 1066 AD to 1539 AD (Between))

Full description

Masson Phillips, E. N., 1943, Supplementary Notes on the Ancient Stone Crosses of Devon. (Third Paper), 262-3 (Article in Serial). SDV320746.

A Latin cross of rough rectangular section stands in the centre of a circular green in front of Buckfast Abbey at SX 74086741; a position formerly occupied by the cross from Moorshop. The head previously stood at Great Palstone, South Brent.

Ordnance Survey Archaeology Division, 1951, SX76NW17, 13/7/1951 (Ordnance Survey Archaeology Division Card). SDV294231.

Stone cross restored. Not in situ.
This cross found by Great Palstone Farm, South Brent, has been restored and set up on the circular green in front of the Abbey in the position formerly occupied by the stone cross from Moorshop. It is of Masson Phillips type 'A' rough rectangular section cut from moorland granite. The head has been replaced on the shaft which is the same width as the stumpy arms below the head. On each face of the head there is an incised cross in outline.

Masson Phillips, E. N., 1954, Supplementary Notes on the Ancient Stone Crosses of Devon (Fourth Paper), 186 (Article in Serial). SDV15725.

It was moved to its present position in 1949 when the shaft was also unearthed and the two were joined together.

Department of Environment, 1983, Buckfastleigh, 2 (List of Blds of Arch or Historic Interest). SDV337043.

Remains of medieval cross. Only head and short section of shaft, made of granite with carved cross on face and reverse 30 metres north-west of Abbey Church.

Department of Environment, 1985, Images of listed buildings in Buckfastleigh, 15/07/1985 (Photograph). SDV359974.

Watson, A., 2007-2017?, Devon Crosses, 85 (Un-published). SDV360833.

Buckfast Abbey (Great Palston) cross. Great Palston cross stands in the grounds of Buckfast Abbey, made of granite and rather crudely shaped. On each face it bears a cross outlined by incised lines, the shaft of which is prolonged downwards. In general shape and the character of the incised crosses, this little cross is quite unusual in Devon. Its original site is unknown but an ancient cross is said to have stood at ‘Stidson Cross’, not far from Great Palston. The cross incised on the west face has an extended or additional foot containing a small incised cross. This cross was found at the farm entrance to Great Palston Farm, South Brent, in 1942 when widening the gateway between outbuildings and a low wall. It was buried below ground and the head had been broken from the shaft. Both parts were unearthed and reunited. The cross was erected at Buckfast Abbey, one way of securing the safety of this ancient relic.
Cross height 0.96 metres, span 0.57 metres.

Historic England, 2016, National Heritage List for England, Accessed 13/07/2016 (National Heritage List for England). SDV359353.

BUCKFASTLEIGH - SX7467 BUCKFAST ROAD, Buckfast 1011-1/5/33 Cross approximately 30 metres 06/01/83 north-west of St Mary's Abbey Church - GV II
Remains of medieval cross. Granite. Said to have come from Sampford Spiney. Cross-head with incised mouldings.
Listing NGR: SX7407767424

Ordnance Survey, 2021, MasterMap 2021 (Cartographic). SDV364015.

'Crosses' shown on the modern mapping.

Sources / Further Reading

SDV15725Article in Serial: Masson Phillips, E. N.. 1954. Supplementary Notes on the Ancient Stone Crosses of Devon (Fourth Paper). Transactions of the Devonshire Association. 86. A5 Hardback. 186.
SDV294231Ordnance Survey Archaeology Division Card: Ordnance Survey Archaeology Division. 1951. SX76NW17. Ordnance Survey Archaeology Division Card. Card Index. 13/7/1951.
SDV320746Article in Serial: Masson Phillips, E. N.. 1943. Supplementary Notes on the Ancient Stone Crosses of Devon. (Third Paper). Transactions of the Devonshire Association. 75. A5 Hardback. 262-3.
SDV337043List of Blds of Arch or Historic Interest: Department of Environment. 1983. Buckfastleigh. Historic Houses Register. A4 Spiral Bound. 2.
SDV359353National Heritage List for England: Historic England. 2016. National Heritage List for England. Historic Houses Register. Digital. Accessed 13/07/2016.
SDV359974Photograph: Department of Environment. 1985. Images of listed buildings in Buckfastleigh. Photograph (Paper). 15/07/1985.
SDV360833Un-published: Watson, A.. 2007-2017?. Devon Crosses. Mixed Archive Material + Digital. 85.
SDV364015Cartographic: Ordnance Survey. 2021. MasterMap 2021. Ordnance Survey Digital Mapping. Digital.

Associated Monuments

MDV7808Related to: Buckfast Abbey (Building)
MDV7847Related to: Stone cross west of St. Mary's Abbey Church, Buckfastleigh (Monument)

Associated Finds: none recorded

Associated Events: none recorded


Date Last Edited:Jan 18 2021 10:57AM