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HER Number:MDV78638
Name:Stephen's Shaft, Wheal Russell Mine, Gulworthy


One of two shafts to the north-east of Morwell Barton, at the eastern end of Great Lode.


Grid Reference:SX 446 709
Map Sheet:SX47SW
Admin AreaDevon
Civil ParishGulworthy
DistrictWest Devon
Ecclesiastical ParishTAVISTOCK

Protected Status: none recorded

Other References/Statuses: none recorded

Monument Type(s) and Dates

  • SHAFT (XIX - 1801 AD to 1900 AD (Between))

Full description

Ordnance Survey, 1880-1899, First Edition Ordnance 25 inch map (Cartographic). SDV336179.

'Stevens's Shaft' shown.

Ordnance Survey, 1904 - 1906, Second Edition Ordnance Survey 25 inch Map (Cartographic). SDV325644.

Map object based on this Source.

Ordnance Survey, 2010, MasterMap (Cartographic). SDV344030.

Buck, C., 2010, Stephens Shaft, Morwell, Devon: Archaeological Assessment, 29-30, Figs. 5-10, 13 (photo) (Report - Assessment). SDV345554.

The date of sinking of the shaft is not certain, but it was under the operation of Wheal Russell Mine (1842-1881). The Bedford Estates survey map and the Wheal Russell lodes/shafts map both show a shaft at this location in 1867, and the Ordnance Survey map of 1884 labels it Steven's Shaft. The latest abandoned mine plan of Russell United Mine shows the shaft to end below the 80 fathom level by 1895. The shaft is sited within a large, overgrown and wooded, dry stone revetted mine waste dump. It is not visible, nor could it be located at surface level. A depression at the centre of the dump marks its probable position, and there is no sign of movement to indicate any instability. This was the primary shaft site to pump the eastern end of Great Lode, before being further utilised for pumping as part of Russell United Mine's further underground development work.

Cornwall Archaeological Unit, 2017, South Cornwall Rapid Coastal Zone Assessment Survey Desk-Based Assessment, 990 (Interpretation). SDV360825.

A mine shaft, recorded as 'Stevens' Shaft', was recorded on first and second edition 1:2500 Ordnance Survey maps. The first edition map recorded water flowing from the feature perhaps suggesting it is an adit. The feature is shown on modern Ordnance Survey mapping as a hollow.

Sources / Further Reading

SDV325644Cartographic: Ordnance Survey. 1904 - 1906. Second Edition Ordnance Survey 25 inch Map. Second Edition Ordnance Survey 25 inch Map. Map (Digital).
SDV336179Cartographic: Ordnance Survey. 1880-1899. First Edition Ordnance 25 inch map. First Edition Ordnance Survey 25 inch Map. Map (Digital).
SDV344030Cartographic: Ordnance Survey. 2010. MasterMap. Ordnance Survey. Map (Digital). [Mapped feature: #105484 ]
SDV345554Report - Assessment: Buck, C.. 2010. Stephens Shaft, Morwell, Devon: Archaeological Assessment. Cornwall County Council Report. 2010R033. A4 Stapled + Digital. 29-30, Figs. 5-10, 13 (photo).
SDV360825Interpretation: Cornwall Archaeological Unit. 2017. South Cornwall Rapid Coastal Zone Assessment Survey Desk-Based Assessment. RCZAS. Digital. 990.

Associated Monuments

MDV22886Part of: Wheal Russell Mine, Gulworthy (Monument)
MDV78667Related to: Flat Rods from Wheal Russell Mine to Stephen's Shaft (Monument)
MDV78655Related to: Reservoir Pond South-west of Stephen's Shaft (Monument)
MDV78645Related to: Stephen's Shaft Mine Waste Dump, Wheal Russell Mine (Monument)
MDV62831Related to: Winding Engine House and Boiler House at Stevens Shaft, Gulworthy (Building)

Associated Finds: none recorded

Associated Events

  • EDV4940 - Archaeological Assessment of Stephens Shaft, Morwell, Devon

Date Last Edited:Apr 11 2018 12:11PM