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HER Number:MDV7902
Name:Cross in the courtyard, St. Lawrence Lane, Ashburton

Summary

An octagonal socket stone with a plinth and with a moulding around the top, has been hollowed out to form a trough. Said to have been brought from Ladwell Orchard, but Crossing suggests that it may well have supported Gulwell Cross. It is situated in Oliver's Court, between numbers 12 and 14 St. Lawrence Lane. In shape it is octagonal, one side being built into a wall.

Location

Grid Reference:SX 756 698
Map Sheet:SX76NE
Admin AreaDartmoor National Park
Civil ParishAshburton
DistrictTeignbridge
Ecclesiastical ParishASHBURTON

Protected Status: none recorded

Other References/Statuses

  • Old DCC SMR Ref: SX76NE/21

Monument Type(s) and Dates

  • CROSS (Medieval - 1066 AD to 1539 AD (Between))

Full description

Amery, P. F. S., 1894, Gulwell, 82 (Article in Serial). SDV300740.

Spring rises by the roadside, a short distance from the western end of Ashburton and on the Glebe land over this spring once stood a granite cross, long since removed, but portins of it can still be seen at Gulwell Farm. The field 'Stone Park' probably took its name from the stone cross.


Crossing, W., 1902-1903, The Ancient Stone Crosses of Dartmoor and its Borderland, 106 (Article in Serial). SDV302059.


Tyler, F. C., 1932-1933, St. Gulwell's Cross, Ashburton, 358 (Article in Serial). SDV295676.

Tyler suggests that Crossing's conclusion about the origin of the cross base are incorrect.


Masson Phillips, E. N., 1937, The Ancient Stone Crosses of Devon: Part I, 322 (Article in Serial). SDV240502.

Cross in the courtyard, St. Lawrence Lane. Type B or C. An octagonal socket stone with a plinth and with a moulding around the top, has been hollowed out to form a trough. Said to have been brought from Ladwell Orchard, but Crossing suggests that it may well have supported Gulwell Cross. It is situated in Oliver's Court, between numbers 12 and 14 St. Lawrence Lane. In shape it is octagonal, one side being built into a wall.


Ordnance Survey Archaeology Division, 1951, SX76NE10 (Ordnance Survey Archaeology Division Card). SDV300739.

Masson Phillips' description is correct. The south side of the cross base is made from moorland granite and built into a wall. It appears to have been made in four equal sections. It has a diameter of 1.1 metres and stands 0.25 metres high (17/7/1951).


Masson Phillips, E. N., 1954, Supplementary Notes on the Ancient Stone Crosses of Devon (Fourth Paper), 174 (Article in Serial). SDV15725.


Masson Phillips, E. N., 1984, Supplementary Notes on the Ancient Stone Crosses of Devon (Seventh Paper), 141 (Article in Serial). SDV345276.

This socket stone has been destroyed and used as filling for a well.

Sources / Further Reading

SDV15725Article in Serial: Masson Phillips, E. N.. 1954. Supplementary Notes on the Ancient Stone Crosses of Devon (Fourth Paper). Transactions of the Devonshire Association. 86. A5 Hardback. 174.
SDV240502Article in Serial: Masson Phillips, E. N.. 1937. The Ancient Stone Crosses of Devon: Part I. Transactions of the Devonshire Association. 69. A5 Hardback. 322.
SDV295676Article in Serial: Tyler, F. C.. 1932-1933. St. Gulwell's Cross, Ashburton. Devon and Cornwall Notes and Queries. 17. unnk. 358.
SDV300739Ordnance Survey Archaeology Division Card: Ordnance Survey Archaeology Division. 1951. SX76NE10. Ordnance Survey Archaeology Division Card. Card Index.
SDV300740Article in Serial: Amery, P. F. S.. 1894. Gulwell. Transactions of the Devonshire Association. 26. Digital. 82.
SDV302059Article in Serial: Crossing, W.. 1902-1903. The Ancient Stone Crosses of Dartmoor and its Borderland. Devon and Cornwall Notes and Queries. 2. Unknown. 106.
SDV345276Article in Serial: Masson Phillips, E. N.. 1984. Supplementary Notes on the Ancient Stone Crosses of Devon (Seventh Paper). Transactions of the Devonshire Association. 116. Paperback Volume. 141.

Associated Monuments: none recorded

Associated Finds: none recorded

Associated Events: none recorded


Date Last Edited:Dec 13 2016 1:47PM