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HER Number:MDV7915
Name:St Gudula's Cross, Ashburton

Summary

Late medieval granite cross consisting of two square monoliths, tapering and with chamfered sides. Plinth appears to be of stone rubble with kerb of roughly-shaped granite blocks. The cross was apparently found in two pieces at Gulwell Farm and reassembled and erected in its present position in the early 20th century.

Location

Grid Reference:SX 753 693
Map Sheet:SX76NE
Admin AreaDartmoor National Park
Civil ParishAshburton
DistrictTeignbridge
Ecclesiastical ParishASHBURTON

Protected Status

Other References/Statuses

  • Old DCC SMR Ref: SX76NE/33
  • Old Listed Building Ref (II): 376122

Monument Type(s) and Dates

  • CROSS (VIII to Late Medieval - 701 AD to 1539 AD (Between))

Full description

Crossing, W., 1902-1903, The Ancient Stone Crosses of Dartmoor and its Borderland, 107 (Article in Serial). SDV302059.


Tyler, F. C., 1932-1933, St. Gulwell's Cross, Ashburton, 357-359 (Article in Serial). SDV295676.

In 1933 the cross was re-erected here and some restoration work undertaken.


Tyler, F. C., 1932-1933, St. Gulwell's Cross, Ashburton, 357-359, plate (Article in Serial). SDV295676.


Masson Phillips, E. N., 1937, The Ancient Stone Crosses of Devon: Part I, 322 (Article in Serial). SDV240502.

Stone cross found in two pieces at Gulwell Farm and re-erected in 1933 by the roadside near the ancient Gulwell about half a mile south of the town (Ashburton) on the old Totnes road a short distance west of the modern bypass. The shaft (type B) is square at the base with rounded stops above which it becomes octagonal. It tapers slightly upwards. There is an incised equal-limbed cross on one face between the arms, and a round-headed niche on the other.


Ordnance Survey Archaeology Division, 1951, SX76NE14, 17/7/1951 (Ordnance Survey Archaeology Division Card). SDV302057.

A plaque in the wall beside the cross states "- - - the cross (probably 14th century) was removed prior to 1510, was restored, re-erected and presented to the parish of Ashburton 1933. " Masson Phillips' description correct except that the end of the stumpy arm is broken off. Tyler described the background to the re-erection of the cross. It was also restored to some extent at this time (Citing Tyler).


Department of Environment, 1973, Ashburton, 32 (List of Blds of Arch or Historic Interest). SDV300597.

For provenance of cross before this see SX76NE/5/1. Saxon in origin. Used as a gatepost. Now restored.


Ordnance Survey, 2016, MasterMap (Cartographic). SDV359352.

'St Gudula's Cross (restored)' depicted on the modern mapping.


Historic England, 2016, National Heritage List for England, Accessed 18/07/2016 (National Heritage List for England). SDV359353.

ASHBURTON - SX7569 OLD TOTNES ROAD 849-1/7/143 (East side) 10/05/73 St Gudula's Cross - GV II
Cross. Late medieval. Granite. Consists of 2 square monoliths, tapering and with chamfered sides. Convex stops on 3 of the 4 sides. Right arm mutilated; long shallow oblong recess in W face of head. Plinth appears to be of stone rubble with kerb of roughly-shaped granite blocks. The cross was reassembled and erected in its present position in 1923.
(Pilkington F: Ashburton. The Dartmoor Town: 1978-: 23).
Listing NGR: SX7535369358

Sources / Further Reading

SDV240502Article in Serial: Masson Phillips, E. N.. 1937. The Ancient Stone Crosses of Devon: Part I. Transactions of the Devonshire Association. 69. A5 Hardback. 322.
SDV295676Article in Serial: Tyler, F. C.. 1932-1933. St. Gulwell's Cross, Ashburton. Devon and Cornwall Notes and Queries. 17. unnk. 357-359, plate.
SDV300597List of Blds of Arch or Historic Interest: Department of Environment. 1973. Ashburton. Historic Houses Register. A4 Spiral Bound. 32.
SDV302057Ordnance Survey Archaeology Division Card: Ordnance Survey Archaeology Division. 1951. SX76NE14. Ordnance Survey Archaeology Division Card. Card Index. 17/7/1951.
SDV302059Article in Serial: Crossing, W.. 1902-1903. The Ancient Stone Crosses of Dartmoor and its Borderland. Devon and Cornwall Notes and Queries. 2. Unknown. 107.
SDV359352Cartographic: Ordnance Survey. 2016. MasterMap. Ordnance Survey Digital Mapping. Digital. [Mapped feature: #105950 ]
SDV359353National Heritage List for England: Historic England. 2016. National Heritage List for England. Historic Houses Register. Digital. Accessed 18/07/2016.

Associated Monuments

MDV7852Related to: St Gudula's holy well, Ashburton (Monument)

Associated Finds: none recorded

Associated Events: none recorded


Date Last Edited:Jul 18 2016 9:02AM