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HER Number:MDV79185
Name:Hut circle settlement east of Cholwich Town China Clay Works

Summary

Prehistoric settlement with at least nine hut circles and some field boundaries. Partly destroyed by clay pits to the west of the site. This site is included in the local list of Nationally Important Dartmoor sites.

Location

Grid Reference:SX 591 622
Map Sheet:SX56SE
Admin AreaDartmoor National Park
Civil ParishCornwood
DistrictSouth Hams
Ecclesiastical ParishCORNWOOD

Protected Status

  • SHINE: Prehistoric enclosure and hut circle settlement north west of Cholwich Town Waste

Other References/Statuses

  • Pastscape: 439408
  • SHINE Candidate (Yes)

Monument Type(s) and Dates

  • FIELD SYSTEM (Early Bronze Age to Late Iron Age - 2200 BC to 42 AD (Between))
  • HUT CIRCLE SETTLEMENT (Early Bronze Age to Late Iron Age - 2200 BC to 42 AD (Between))

Full description

Royal Air Force, 1946, RAF/CPE/UK/1890, Devon County Council RAF/CPE/UK/1890 2292-2293 10-DEC-1946 (Aerial Photograph). SDV169268.

Circular and curvilinear banked features are visible.

Royal Commission for the Historical Monuments of England, 1977, NMR 1130, NMR 1130/375 18-MAY-1977 (Aerial Photograph). SDV363090.

Circular and curvilinear banked features are visible.

Butler, J., 1994, Dartmoor Atlas of Antiquities: Volume Three - The South-West, 175-176 (Monograph). SDV137656.

Remains of a hut circle settlement with field boundaries and at least nine remaining hut circles. The remains are poorly preserved and have been partly destroyed to the west by the clay workings. Other details: Map 52, 1.

Bluesky International Ltd/Getmapping PLC, 1999-2017, Pan Government Agreement Aerial Photographs, Next Perspectives APGB Imagery SX5962 01-JUN-2002 (Aerial Photograph). SDV363087.

Circular and curvilinear banked features are visible.

Gerrard, S., 2004, List of Sites Remaining to be Considered for Designation on Dartmoor (Un-published). SDV345444.

This site was considered for designation as a Scheduled Ancient Monument during the Monument Protection Programme. The programme ended before the entire list of sites was successfully scheduled so this is included on a local list of Nationally Important Sites.

Ordnance Survey, 2011, MasterMap (Cartographic). SDV346129.

NERC, 2013, LiDAR DTM data (1m resolution) Tellus: South Devon to Dartmoor, LIDAR SX5962 Tellus DTM 01-JUL-2013 to 31-AUG-2013 (Cartographic). SDV361514.

Curvilinear banks are identifiable as earthworks.

Hegarty, C., Knight, S. and Sims, R., 2019-2020, The South Devon Coast to Dartmoor Aerial Investigation and Mapping Survey. Area 2, Avon Valley to Plymouth (AI&M, formerly NMP) (Interpretation). SDV362982.

Fragmentary curvilinear stony earthwork banks are visible on aerial photographs of 1946 defining circular enclosures circa 5 to 7m in diameter at circa SX59016236 and SX59026227. The circular features are interpreted as the remains of hut circles of probable Bronze Age to Iron Age date, as recorded by the above authorities. No additional possible hut circles are identifiable in this location on the sources available to the survey.
Curvilinear banks circa 1 to 2m wide and up to circa 200m long, in places flanked on one side by narrow ditches, are visible on aerial photographs of 1946 and 1977 passing through the hut settlement and defining a possible field system that extends across 300m of hill slope.
A bank might demonstrate an association with an individual hut circle at circa SX59066225. A second bank appears to abut an extant field boundary at circa SX59096228.
This might support the interpretation that the hut settlement is associated with the field system, and that the prehistoric field system was in part incorporated into the extant, probably medieval field pattern.
A small mound or circular feature at circa SX59296223 might be evidence of a second hut circle directly associated with the field system.
It is probable that the hut circle settlement and field system are associated with the enclosure immediately to the east (MDV29990), and possible they are a continuation of the field system recorded to the south as (MDV120219) and the hut circle settlement and field system to the south east recorded as MDV79188 and MDV79189.

Sources / Further Reading

SDV137656Monograph: Butler, J.. 1994. Dartmoor Atlas of Antiquities: Volume Three - The South-West. Dartmoor Atlas of Antiquities: Volume Three - The South-West. Three. Paperback Volume. 175-176.
SDV169268Aerial Photograph: Royal Air Force. 1946. RAF/CPE/UK/1890. Royal Air Force Aerial Photograph. Photograph (Paper). Devon County Council RAF/CPE/UK/1890 2292-2293 10-DEC-1946.
SDV345444Un-published: Gerrard, S.. 2004. List of Sites Remaining to be Considered for Designation on Dartmoor. Digital.
SDV346129Cartographic: Ordnance Survey. 2011. MasterMap. Ordnance Survey. Map (Digital). [Mapped feature: #105987 ]
SDV361514Cartographic: NERC. 2013. LiDAR DTM data (1m resolution) Tellus: South Devon to Dartmoor. Digital. LIDAR SX5962 Tellus DTM 01-JUL-2013 to 31-AUG-2013. [Mapped feature: #122898 ]
SDV362982Interpretation: Hegarty, C., Knight, S. and Sims, R.. 2019-2020. The South Devon Coast to Dartmoor Aerial Investigation and Mapping Survey. Area 2, Avon Valley to Plymouth (AI&M, formerly NMP). Historic England Research Report. Digital.
SDV363087Aerial Photograph: Bluesky International Ltd/Getmapping PLC. 1999-2017. Pan Government Agreement Aerial Photographs. Aerial Photography for Great Britain Aerial Photographs. Digital. Next Perspectives APGB Imagery SX5962 01-JUN-2002.
SDV363090Aerial Photograph: Royal Commission for the Historical Monuments of England. 1977. NMR 1130. NMR Aerial Photograph. NMR 1130/375 18-MAY-1977.

Associated Monuments

MDV79186Parent of: Enclosure in settlement east of Cholwich Town China Clay Works (Monument)
MDV29990Related to: ENCLOSURE in the Parish of Cornwood (Monument)
MDV120219Related to: Field system in Parkland Plantation (Monument)
MDV126917Related to: Hut circle settlement east of Cholwich Town China Clay Works (Monument)
MDV126918Related to: Hut circle settlement east of Cholwich Town China Clay Works (Monument)
MDV79188Related to: Hut circle settlement east of Cholwich Town China Clay Works (Monument)
MDV79189Related to: Settlement site east of Cholwich Town China Clay Works (Monument)

Associated Finds: none recorded

Associated Events

  • EDV8098 - The South Devon Coast to Dartmoor Aerial Investigation and Mapping (formerly NMP) Survey, Area 2, Avon Valley to Plymouth (Ref: ACD2040)

Date Last Edited:Dec 20 2019 4:31PM