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HER Number:MDV79188
Name:Hut circle settlement east of Cholwich Town China Clay Works

Summary

A settlement of probable Bronze Age to Iron Age date is visible on aerial photographs of 1965 comprising earthwork and stone-built hut circles, oval enclosures and field boundaries, on the south-west facing slopes east of Cholwich Town, Cornwood. The field system and settlement extend to the south-east and have been partly incorporated into the extant medieval field pattern. This site is included in the local list of Nationally Important Dartmoor sites.

Location

Grid Reference:SX 594 621
Map Sheet:SX56SE
Admin AreaDartmoor National Park
Civil ParishCornwood
DistrictSouth Hams
Ecclesiastical ParishCORNWOOD

Protected Status

  • SHINE: Two Bronze Age hut circle settlements and the remains of a longhouse type building east of Cholwich Town Chinda Clay Works

Other References/Statuses

  • Pastscape: 439417
  • SHINE Candidate (Yes)

Monument Type(s) and Dates

  • HUT CIRCLE SETTLEMENT (Bronze Age - 2200 BC to 701 BC (Between))

Full description

Royal Air Force, 1965, RAF/58/7109, RAF/58/7109 F42 0130-0131 22-NOV-1965 (Aerial Photograph). SDV351186.

Circular and curvilinear earthwork banked and stone-built features are visible.

Butler, J., 1994, Dartmoor Atlas of Antiquities: Volume Three - The South-West, 175-6 (Monograph). SDV137656.

Hut circle settlement located east of Cholwich Town China Clay Works. The remains are in poor condition and are hard to identify. Several sections of bank were recorded by Butler, inlcuding a small enclosure near the centre of the field. At least seven hut circles were also recorded. Other details: Map 52, 1.

Environment Agency, 1998-2017, LiDAR DTM data (1m resolution) EA: South Devon Coast to Dartmoor, LIDAR SX5961-SX5962 Environment Agency DTM 01-JAN-1998 to 31-MAY-2017 (Cartographic). SDV361470.

Circular and curvilinear earthwork banked and stone-built features are identifiable.

Bluesky International Ltd/Getmapping PLC, 1999-2017, Pan Government Agreement Aerial Photographs, Next Perspectives APGB Imagery SX5962 03-MAY-2007 (Aerial Photograph). SDV363087.

Circular and curvilinear earthwork banked and stone-built features are visible.

Gerrard, S., 2004, List of Sites Remaining to be Considered for Designation on Dartmoor (Un-published). SDV345444.

This site was considered for designation as a Scheduled Ancient Monument during the Monument Protection Programme. The programme ended before the entire list of sites was successfully scheduled so this is included on a local list of Nationally Important Sites.

Ordnance Survey, 2011, MasterMap (Cartographic). SDV346129.

Hegarty, C., Knight, S. and Sims, R., 2019-2020, The South Devon Coast to Dartmoor Aerial Investigation and Mapping Survey. Area 2, Avon Valley to Plymouth (AI&M, formerly NMP) (Interpretation). SDV362982.

A settlement of probable Bronze Age to Iron Age date is visible on aerial photographs of 1965 extending across circa 600m of the south-west facing slopes east of Cholwich Town, Cornwood.
The north-western end comprises 5 identifiable earthwork and stone-built hut circles, circa 5 to 6m in diameter, and several banks defining probable field boundaries and incomplete enclosures.
Three of the hut circles are set within a slight hollow circa 55m across centred on SX59376215, cut into the south-west facing slope. The north-east edge of the hollow is slightly scalloped in plan, possibly indicative of further hut circle locations.
The curvilinear boundaries remain clearly identifiable as banks and ditches on visualisations derived from lidar data captured between 1998 and 2017 and very dispersed and damaged stone-built features on digital images derived from aerial photographs of 2007.
The settlement continues to the south-east as MDV79189.

Sources / Further Reading

SDV137656Monograph: Butler, J.. 1994. Dartmoor Atlas of Antiquities: Volume Three - The South-West. Dartmoor Atlas of Antiquities: Volume Three - The South-West. Three. Paperback Volume. 175-6.
SDV345444Un-published: Gerrard, S.. 2004. List of Sites Remaining to be Considered for Designation on Dartmoor. Digital.
SDV346129Cartographic: Ordnance Survey. 2011. MasterMap. Ordnance Survey. Map (Digital).
SDV351186Aerial Photograph: Royal Air Force. 1965. RAF/58/7109. Royal Air Force Aerial Photograph. Photograph (Paper). RAF/58/7109 F42 0130-0131 22-NOV-1965.
SDV361470Cartographic: Environment Agency. 1998-2017. LiDAR DTM data (1m resolution) EA: South Devon Coast to Dartmoor. Environment Agency LiDAR data. Digital. LIDAR SX5961-SX5962 Environment Agency DTM 01-JAN-1998 to 31-MAY-2017. [Mapped feature: #122834 ]
SDV362982Interpretation: Hegarty, C., Knight, S. and Sims, R.. 2019-2020. The South Devon Coast to Dartmoor Aerial Investigation and Mapping Survey. Area 2, Avon Valley to Plymouth (AI&M, formerly NMP). Historic England Research Report. Digital.
SDV363087Aerial Photograph: Bluesky International Ltd/Getmapping PLC. 1999-2017. Pan Government Agreement Aerial Photographs. Aerial Photography for Great Britain Aerial Photographs. Digital. Next Perspectives APGB Imagery SX5962 03-MAY-2007.

Associated Monuments

MDV28566Parent of: Enclosure in settlement east of Cholwich Town Waste (Monument)
MDV79192Parent of: Hut circle in enclosure 350 meters east of Parkland (Monument)
MDV126914Parent of: Hut circle in settlement east of Cholwich Town (Monument)
MDV2563Parent of: Hut circle in settlement east of Cholwich Town (Monument)
MDV120219Related to: Field system in Parkland Plantation (Monument)
MDV79185Related to: Hut circle settlement east of Cholwich Town China Clay Works (Monument)
MDV79189Related to: Settlement site east of Cholwich Town China Clay Works (Monument)

Associated Finds: none recorded

Associated Events

  • EDV8098 - The South Devon Coast to Dartmoor Aerial Investigation and Mapping (formerly NMP) Survey, Area 2, Avon Valley to Plymouth (Ref: ACD2040)

Date Last Edited:Dec 20 2019 4:31PM