HeritageGateway - Home

Login  |  Register
Site Map
Text size: A A A
You are here: Home > > > > Devon & Dartmoor HER Result
Devon & Dartmoor HERPrintable version | About Devon & Dartmoor HER | Visit Devon & Dartmoor HER online...

See important guidance on the use of this record.

If you have any comments or new information about this record, please email us.


HER Number:MDV7936
Name:Chapel on Brent Hill, South Brent

Summary

Remains of a chapel on Brent Hill shown on 19th century map and thougth to be of Medieval origin

Location

Grid Reference:SX 703 616
Map Sheet:SX76SW
Admin AreaDartmoor National Park
Civil ParishSouth Brent
DistrictSouth Hams
Ecclesiastical ParishSOUTH BRENT

Protected Status

Other References/Statuses

  • Old DCC SMR Ref: SX76SW/9
  • Old SAM County Ref: 823

Monument Type(s) and Dates

  • CHAPEL (Built, XIV - 1301 AD to 1400 AD (Between))

Full description

Department of Environment, 17/07/1972, Remains of Chapel on Brent Hill (Schedule Document). SDV352061.

Small rectangular structure 6 yards by 4 yards. North wall preserved to a maximum of 4 feet 6 inches high. South wall foundatins only remaining. Walls of rubble core set in mortar, faced with dressed granite blocks. Walls 3 feet thick. Remains of window in east wall. Site visit 4th May 1970.


Ordnance Survey, 1880-1899, First Edition Ordnance 25 inch map (Cartographic). SDV336179.

'Chapel (Remains of)' shown on 19th century map as a smll L-shaped building.


Rowe, S., 1896, A Perambulation of the Forest of Dartmoor, 167 (Monograph). SDV249697.


Ordnance Survey, 1904 - 1906, Second Edition Ordnance Survey 25 inch Map (Cartographic). SDV325644.

'Chapel (Remains of)' shown on early 20th century map.


Worth, R. H., 1941, Dartmoor. 1877-1808, 209-210 (Article in Serial). SDV163657.

Worth gives an account of a plaque reciting the destruction of an ancient chapel by lightening in 1777.


Stephan, D. J., 1952-1953, St. Michael's chapel on Brent Hill, 122-124 (Article in Serial). SDV163658.

Edward III granted a three day fair at Brentdonne to Buckfast Abbey, commencing on St. Michael's Day. The chapel of St. Michael was licensed by Bishop Brantingham in 1374.


Hoskins, W. G., 1954, A New Survey of England: Devon, 347 (Monograph). SDV17562.


Russell, P., 1955, Fire Beacons in Devon, 264, 280 (Article in Serial). SDV336138.

'Pd. For the searching of Brent Beacon two severall times' is recorded in the Dartington Church Wardens accounts for 1628.


Stephan, D. J., 1959-1961, St. Michael's Chapel on Brent Hill, 50-51 (Article in Serial). SDV163665.

18th century description quoted which indicates that the chapel had a corbelled roof.


Robinson, R., 1977-1979, South Brent Parish Checklist Worksheets (Worksheet). SDV340722.

Details of documentary references given on worksheet.


National Monuments Record, 1980, NMR SF1743, 011-014 (Aerial Photograph). SDV161746.


Royal Commission on the Historical Monuments of England, 1985, Aerial Photograph Project (Interpretation). SDV319854.

Buiding recorded.


Snell, R., 1986, Green Lanes in Devon Project (Un-published). SDV8442.

Remains of an old chapel on Brent Hill.


Department of Environment, 1986, South Brent, 52 (List of Blds of Arch or Historic Interest). SDV178295.

Ruins of chapel. Medieval. There is documentary evidence of its existence in 1374 stone. Only the lower courses of the walls and their foundations remain. The ruin is situated on Brent Hill, a conspicuous and steep sided hill with outcrops of rock. On the east side of Brent Hill there are ancient earthworks. The chapel remains is Scheduled Ancient Monument 823.


Swete, J. (ed. Gray T. + Rowe, M.), 2000, Travels in Georgian Devon. The Illustrated Journals of the Reverend John Swete. Vol. 4, 23 (Monograph). SDV339713.

Swete refers to 'the conical hill on the summit of which, yet stood the little building erected by my father, as an 'eye-catch' from his Gardens at Ashburton'.


Bennett, R., 2009, Airborne Remote Sensing Analysis - Brent Hill, Appendix 3, Page 16 (Report - Survey). SDV359640.

Rectangular platform marked as a chapel on 19th century map. Circa 116 metre square area.


Historic England, 2016, National Heritage List for England, 1002610 (National Heritage List for England). SDV359353.

Monument is Listed Grade II as the remains of the Chapel of St Michael on Brent Hill. Ruins of a Medieval chapel. There is documentary evidence of its existence in 1374 stone. Only the lower courses of the walls and their foundations remain. The ruin is situated on Brent Hill, a conspicuous and steep-sided hill with outcrops of rock. On the east side of Brent Hill there are ancient earthworks. The chapel remains is Scheduled Ancient Monument 823.

The monumnet is also Scheduled and includes a medieval chapel situated close to the summit of Brent Hill overlooking the Avon Valley. The chapel survives as a rectangular building measuring 6 metres long by 3.5 metres wide internally, with upstanding masonry walls to the north and east of up to 0.9 metres wide and 1.5 metres high, elsewhere the walls and internal structures are preserved as buried features. The walls are constructed from mortared rubble faced with trimmed and dressed granite blocks. Part of a window splay is visible in the east wall and a 0.9 metre wide door opening is traceable on the ground in the south west corner. At some distance to the south lies a small block of detached masonry. The chapel has a well documented history. In 1340 Edward III granted Abbot Phillip of Buckfast (the abbey owned the manor of Brent) the right to hold a three day annual fair at South Brent to celebrate the feast of St Michael. In 1374 a charter for the erection of a chapel was licensed by Bishop Brantyngham and gave permission for mass to be heard once a year on St Michael’s Day, to coincide with the fair. The time delay between these two events may have been brought about by the Black Death, which delayed construction of the chapel. In 1777 the chapel was damaged during a storm, allegedly by a lightning strike. It was subsequently incorporated into a folly in about 1781 and there is a published sketch dated 1789 of this building as a ‘monument to the former chapel’. Several sources suggest a ‘windmill’ in its place by the 1790’s. This building was also severely damaged by storms in 1824 leaving only fragments of the original chapel. There is also a suggestion that a ‘watchers hut’ was erected to provide shelter for those involved with a nearby beacon, but as to whether this incorporated the chapel or not is unclear.
The chapel is immediately surrounded by another scheduled monument. The chapel is also listed at Grade II.


Ordnance Survey Archaeology Division, Unknown, SX76SW13 (Ordnance Survey Archaeology Division Card). SDV163660.

Site visit 7th June 1960. The north and east walls of a building survive to a height of 1.5 metres, and foundations of south and west walls are traceable. The rubble walling is faced with trimmed stone bedded in strong lime mortar. The stone is very little weathered and the structure does not have the appearance of great age. One small block of isolated masonry lies to the south of the remains which appear to be those of the 18th century building although possibly including some fragments of the 14th century chapel.

Sources / Further Reading

SDV161746Aerial Photograph: National Monuments Record. 1980. NMR SF1743. National Monuments Record Aerial Photograph. Photograph (Paper). 011-014.
SDV163657Article in Serial: Worth, R. H.. 1941. Dartmoor. 1877-1808. Transactions of the Devonshire Association. 73. Hardback Volume. 209-210.
SDV163658Article in Serial: Stephan, D. J.. 1952-1953. St. Michael's chapel on Brent Hill. Devon and Cornwall Notes and Queries. 25. Unknown. 122-124.
SDV163660Ordnance Survey Archaeology Division Card: Ordnance Survey Archaeology Division. Unknown. SX76SW13. Ordnance Survey Archaeology Division Card.
SDV163665Article in Serial: Stephan, D. J.. 1959-1961. St. Michael's Chapel on Brent Hill. Devon and Cornwall Notes and Queries. 28. Unknown. 50-51.
SDV17562Monograph: Hoskins, W. G.. 1954. A New Survey of England: Devon. A New Survey of England: Devon. A5 Hardback. 347.
SDV178295List of Blds of Arch or Historic Interest: Department of Environment. 1986. South Brent. Historic Houses Register. A4 Spiral Bound. 52.
SDV249697Monograph: Rowe, S.. 1896. A Perambulation of the Forest of Dartmoor. Perambulation of the Forest of Dartmoor. Unknown. 167.
SDV319854Interpretation: Royal Commission on the Historical Monuments of England. 1985. Aerial Photograph Project. Royal Commission on the Historical Monuments of England Aerial Photograph P. Cartographic.
SDV325644Cartographic: Ordnance Survey. 1904 - 1906. Second Edition Ordnance Survey 25 inch Map. Second Edition Ordnance Survey 25 inch Map. Map (Digital).
SDV336138Article in Serial: Russell, P.. 1955. Fire Beacons in Devon. Transactions of the Devonshire Association. 87. A5 Hardback. 264, 280.
SDV336179Cartographic: Ordnance Survey. 1880-1899. First Edition Ordnance 25 inch map. First Edition Ordnance Survey 25 inch Map. Map (Digital).
SDV339713Monograph: Swete, J. (ed. Gray T. + Rowe, M.). 2000. Travels in Georgian Devon. The Illustrated Journals of the Reverend John Swete. Vol. 4. Travels in Georgian Devon. The Illustrated Journals of the Reverend John Sw. 4. Hardback Volume. 23.
SDV340722Worksheet: Robinson, R.. 1977-1979. South Brent Parish Checklist Worksheets. South Brent Parish Checklist. Worksheet.
SDV352061Schedule Document: Department of Environment. 17/07/1972. Remains of Chapel on Brent Hill. The Schedule of Monuments. Foolscap.
SDV359353National Heritage List for England: Historic England. 2016. National Heritage List for England. Historic Houses Register. Digital. 1002610. [Mapped feature: #106161 ]
SDV359640Report - Survey: Bennett, R.. 2009. Airborne Remote Sensing Analysis - Brent Hill. Appendix 3, Page 16.
SDV8442Un-published: Snell, R.. 1986. Green Lanes in Devon Project. Green Lanes in Devon Project. Not applicable. Unknown.

Associated Monuments

MDV7957Related to: Hillfort on Brent Hill, South Brent (Monument)
MDV7956Related to: Site of a Beacon on Brent Hill, South Brent (Monument)

Associated Finds: none recorded

Associated Events: none recorded


Date Last Edited:Aug 20 2018 10:47AM