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HER Number:MDV7977
Name:Buckland Beacon

Summary

Buckland Beacon, probable tor cairn. The tor outcrop is surrounded by small, turf-covered stones indicating a possible tor cairn. Condition is mostly stable but subject to visitor erosion. Inscribed stone with the ten commandments on the south-eastern side of the outcrop. Beacon fires were lit here for centuries; the most recent in 1995.

Location

Grid Reference:SX 735 731
Map Sheet:SX77SW
Admin AreaDartmoor National Park
Civil ParishBuckland in the Moor
DistrictTeignbridge
Ecclesiastical ParishBUCKLAND IN THE MOOR

Protected Status: none recorded

Other References/Statuses

  • Old DCC SMR Ref: SX77SW/7

Monument Type(s) and Dates

  • TOR CAIRN? (Early Bronze Age to XVII - 2200 BC? to 1700 AD (Between))
  • BEACON (Medieval - 1066 AD to 1539 AD? (Between))

Full description

Page, J. L. W., 1895, An Exploration of Dartmoor and its Antiquities, with some account of its borders, with some account of its borders, 230 (Monograph). SDV344985.

Land held by charter. Page describes the "knob" of the beacon as a "mixed mass of turf and granite" largely natural, but added to, to form "a convenient cairn" it commands the Teign estuary and the Dart. On an accompanying plan the beacon is marked as pre-Elizabethan but the text contains no supporting evidence.


Gover, J. E. B. + Mawer, A. + Stenton, F. M., 1932, The Place-Names of Devon: Part Two, 525 (Monograph). SDV337894.

Buckland in the Moor is recorded as 'Bochelanda' in 1086 (Domesday Book), 'Bocland' in 1242, 'Bokelaund in the More' in 1318, 'Boklonde Inthemore' in 1334 and 'Bokelond in La More' in 1378.


Russell, P., 1955, Fire Beacons in Devon, 287 (Article in Serial). SDV336138.

A beacon fire, one of a chain lit here by the parishioners of Buckland in the Moor in celebration of their Majesties Silver Jubilee, May 6th, 1935. There is an inscribed stone near the summit.


Ordnance Survey Archaeology Division, 1960, SX77SW8 (Ordnance Survey Archaeology Division Card). SDV301793.

There is an outcrop of rock at SX73507310 which would provide a suitable base for a beacon but there is no visible evidence of use as such (18/5/1960).


Grinsell, L. V., 1978, Dartmoor Barrows, 179 (Article in Serial). SDV273224.

1/8/1976 A cairn-shaped tor, claimed as cairn by Page but Grinsell considers it a doubtful or rejected site.


Belsey, P. M., 1983 - 1987, Buckland In The Moor Parish Checklist (Un-published). SDV345904.

(Visited 1985) Buckland Beacon a granite outcrop 380 metres in height situated on the eastern edge of Dartmoor overlooking the gorge of the Dart and the Teign estuary.


Turner, J., 1985, Comment about Buckland Beacon (Personal Comment). SDV301788.

26/6/1985 Absence of bank, or ring of stones at base, indicate that the tor is natural.


Quinnell, N. V., 1985, Comment about features on Buckland Common (Personal Comment). SDV288072.

19/5/1985 Small stones piled round base and presumably fallen from top, indicate that it was a cairn.


Pascoe, E., 1986, Comment on feature on Buckland Common (Personal Comment). SDV290551.

Base of cairn is irregular, but approximately 30 metres by 9 metres. Used as a target by United States Army during 1939-1945 war.


Brown, M., 1996, A guide to the Parish of Buckland-in-the-Moor, 15 (Monograph). SDV361770.

Served as a beacon station for many centuries, where fires could be lit as part of a chain across the country, either to carry warning messages, or in celebration. No less than 47 other beacons could be seen from this summit during the celebration of Queen Victoria's Jubilee in 1887. The most recent occasion for a beacon fire was in 1995, on the 50th anniversary of VE Day.


GeoInformation Group Ltd, 2010, 1:625 2010 Colour (12.5cm resolution) (Aerial Photograph). SDV346026.

Summit of the tor visible on the aerial photograph.


Newman , P., 2015, Rippon Tor Premier Archaeological Landscape, Dartmoor National Park, Devon, 49, figure 18 (Report - Survey). SDV359145.

Buckland Beacon, probable tor cairn. The tor outcrop is surrounded by small, turf-covered stones indicating a possible tor cairn. Condition is mostly stable but subject to visitor erosion. SX73500 73100.

Sources / Further Reading

SDV273224Article in Serial: Grinsell, L. V.. 1978. Dartmoor Barrows. Proceedings of the Devon Archaeological Society. 36. A5 Paperback. 179.
SDV288072Personal Comment: Quinnell, N. V.. 1985. Comment about features on Buckland Common. Not Applicable.
SDV290551Personal Comment: Pascoe, E.. 1986. Comment on feature on Buckland Common. Not Applicable.
SDV301788Personal Comment: Turner, J.. 1985. Comment about Buckland Beacon. Not Applicable.
SDV301793Ordnance Survey Archaeology Division Card: Ordnance Survey Archaeology Division. 1960. SX77SW8. Ordnance Survey Archaeology Division Card. Card Index.
SDV336138Article in Serial: Russell, P.. 1955. Fire Beacons in Devon. Transactions of the Devonshire Association. 87. A5 Hardback. 287.
SDV337894Monograph: Gover, J. E. B. + Mawer, A. + Stenton, F. M.. 1932. The Place-Names of Devon: Part Two. The Place-Names of Devon: Part Two. IX. A5 Hardback. 525.
SDV344985Monograph: Page, J. L. W.. 1895. An Exploration of Dartmoor and its Antiquities, with some account of its borders, with some account of its borders. An Exploration of Dartmoor and its Antiquities. Unknown. 230.
SDV345904Un-published: Belsey, P. M.. 1983 - 1987. Buckland In The Moor Parish Checklist. Parish Checklist. A4 Single Sheet.
SDV346026Aerial Photograph: GeoInformation Group Ltd. 2010. 1:625 2010 Colour (12.5cm resolution). 2010 Aerial Photographs. Digital. [Mapped feature: #106571 ]
SDV359145Report - Survey: Newman , P.. 2015. Rippon Tor Premier Archaeological Landscape, Dartmoor National Park, Devon. South-West Landscape Investigations. A4 Bound + Digital. 49, figure 18.
SDV361770Monograph: Brown, M.. 1996. A guide to the Parish of Buckland-in-the-Moor. A guide to the Parish of Buckland-in-the-Moor. A5 Paperback. 15.

Associated Monuments

MDV30592Related to: Possible boundary stone near Buckland Beacon (Monument)
MDV31023Related to: Ten Commandments Stone, Buckland Beacon (Monument)

Associated Finds: none recorded

Associated Events

  • EDV6836 - Rippon Tor Premier Archaeological Landscape survey

Date Last Edited:Dec 7 2018 2:39PM