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HER Number:MDV7981
Name:Stone Farm, Buckland in the Moor

Summary

Farmstead dates to at least the early-mid 19th century, based on cartographic evidence, but documentary sources suggest it may have existed from at least the mid-14th century. Now deserted, a possible longhouse or cross passage house (later altered), is the focus of the farmstead.

Location

Grid Reference:SX 720 746
Map Sheet:SX77SW
Admin AreaDartmoor National Park
Civil ParishBuckland in the Moor
DistrictTeignbridge
Ecclesiastical ParishBUCKLAND IN THE MOOR

Protected Status: none recorded

Other References/Statuses

  • Dartmoor Non-designated Heritage Asset (Evidential)
  • Old DCC SMR Ref: SX77SW/10

Monument Type(s) and Dates

  • FARMSTEAD (XI to XIV - 1066 AD? to 1330 AD (Between))

Full description

Devon County Council, 1838-1848, Tithe Mosaic, approximately 1838-1848 (Cartographic). SDV349431.

'Stone' shown on 19th century Tithe Map as a group of six buildings around a large irregular shaped yard.


Worthy, C., 1875, Ashburton and its Neighbourhood, 22 (Monograph). SDV347162.

There are ancient houses having 16th century doorways both at 'Stone' and 'Chalomer'; portions of the walls at 'Stone' have been at some time or other loop-holed for musketry. This probably occurred during the civil war.


Ordnance Survey, 1880-1899, First Edition Ordnance 25 inch map (Cartographic). SDV336179.

Stone Farm shown on 19th century map as a group of buildings around an irregular shaped yard with tracks running to the north-east, the east and the south-west.


Ordnance Survey, 1904 - 1906, Second Edition Ordnance Survey 25 inch Map (Cartographic). SDV325644.

Stone Farm shown on early 20th century map.


Gover, J. E. B. + Mawer, A. + Stenton, F. M., 1932, The Place-Names of Devon: Part Two, 526 (Monograph). SDV337894.

Stone Farm' was the home of 'William atte Stone', according to the lay subsidy rolls of 1330.


Royal Air Force, 1946 - 1949, Royal Air Force Aerial Photographs, 1890/1315 (Aerial Photograph). SDV342938.

Photo taken on 10th December 1946.


Linehan, C. D., 1965, Deserted Sites on Dartmoor, Devon, 172 (Article in Serial). SDV217992.

Extensive ruins of farm house and other buildings at Stone Farm. Barn still in use.


Linehan, C. D., 1966, Deserted Sites and Rabbit-Warrens on Dartmoor, Devon (Article in Serial). SDV307246.

'Stone' a deserted site. Three buildings showing signs of late development at 274 metres OD and having enclosures in use on present day farm.


Haynes, R. G., 1966-1969, Ruined Sites on Dartmoor (Un-published). SDV150434.

Site visited on 31st July 1968. A large mortared stone farmhouse and outbuildings, abandoned in modern times. A modern barn is still roofed and in use.


Belsey, P. M., 1983 - 1987, Buckland In The Moor Parish Checklist (Un-published). SDV345904.

The ruins of Stone Farm are situated at the end of a private lane from the Buckland/Cockingford road. Like all Buckland farms, the position is isolated. The farm house faced south-west and was in a sheltered position on good land around the 250 metre contour. At the time of its abandonment in about 1880 the farm comprised 79 acres. It is now farmed by the same owner of Higher Pudsham. The ruins comprise the farmhouse with stone walls standing to an average of 2 metres and four rooms with possibly later additions at centre rear and L-shaped addition on the front. Other features include remains of a stairwell, large stone trough, cross passage, hearth and bread oven. There is a small courtyard behind with one small outhouse at the rear and a rectangular building with hatch under, which the owner thinks could have been an ash-house. The bottom half of a pig trough is lying in the field by the gate to the yard and there is an old plough by the ash house. See worksheet for full details and plan of farm, also extensive documentary extracts. A large boulder just to the north of the farm buildings may have given the farm its name.


Royal Commission on the Historical Monuments of England, 1985, Aerial Photograph Project (Interpretation). SDV319854.

Two buildings visible, one apparently occupied, the other deserted.


National Monument Record, 2014, Pastscape (Website). SDV355682.

A deserted Medieval site at Stone, Buckland in the Moor, comprises three buildings showing late development, and enclosures still in use on the present day farm.


Bray, L., 2017, Stone Farm (Un-published). SDV360600.

Stone Farm is a farmstead abandoned c. 1880, consisting of a group of ruinous buildings and a barn which remains in use. The focus of the site is a building interpreted as a possible longhouse or cross-passage house (N. Pratt pers. comm.) which has been altered and added to several times during the course of its life. The farmstead appears on the tithe map of 1841 but several pieces of evidence indicate its origin is significantly earlier. An 1875 reference by C. Worth notes the presence of features he interprets as loopholes for musketry, possibly dating to the English Civil War. On firmer ground, ownership of the farm can be traced from the 17th century, while a 14th century documentary reference refers to a John atte Stone indicates a medieval origin which would be supported by the presence of a longhouse or cross passage house.
This evidence suggests that Stone Farm possesses a high degree of evidential value while its status as a farmstead grants it a degree of illustrative historical value.

Sources / Further Reading

SDV150434Un-published: Haynes, R. G.. 1966-1969. Ruined Sites on Dartmoor. Ruined Sites on Dartmoor. Manuscript + Digital.
SDV217992Article in Serial: Linehan, C. D.. 1965. Deserted Sites on Dartmoor, Devon. Transactions of the Devonshire Association. 97. A5 Hardback. 172.
SDV307246Article in Serial: Linehan, C. D.. 1966. Deserted Sites and Rabbit-Warrens on Dartmoor, Devon. Medieval Archaeology. 10. Digital.
SDV319854Interpretation: Royal Commission on the Historical Monuments of England. 1985. Aerial Photograph Project. Royal Commission on the Historical Monuments of England Aerial Photograph P. Cartographic.
SDV325644Cartographic: Ordnance Survey. 1904 - 1906. Second Edition Ordnance Survey 25 inch Map. Second Edition Ordnance Survey 25 inch Map. Map (Digital). [Mapped feature: #106609 ]
SDV336179Cartographic: Ordnance Survey. 1880-1899. First Edition Ordnance 25 inch map. First Edition Ordnance Survey 25 inch Map. Map (Digital).
SDV337894Monograph: Gover, J. E. B. + Mawer, A. + Stenton, F. M.. 1932. The Place-Names of Devon: Part Two. The Place-Names of Devon: Part Two. IX. A5 Hardback. 526.
SDV342938Aerial Photograph: Royal Air Force. 1946 - 1949. Royal Air Force Aerial Photographs. Royal Air Force Aerial Photograph. Photograph (Digital). 1890/1315.
SDV345904Un-published: Belsey, P. M.. 1983 - 1987. Buckland In The Moor Parish Checklist. Parish Checklist. A4 Single Sheet.
SDV347162Monograph: Worthy, C.. 1875. Ashburton and its Neighbourhood. Ashburton and its Neighbourhood. Digital. 22.
SDV349431Cartographic: Devon County Council. 1838-1848. Tithe Mosaic, approximately 1838-1848. Digitised Tithe Map. Digital.
SDV355682Website: National Monument Record. 2014. Pastscape. http://www.pastscape.org.uk. Website.
SDV360600Un-published: Bray, L.. 2017. Stone Farm. Non-Designated Heritage Assets. Digital.

Associated Monuments

MDV30623Parent of: Barn at Stone Farm, Buckland in the Moor (Building)
MDV30624Parent of: Barn at Stone Farm, Buckland in the Moor (Building)

Associated Finds: none recorded

Associated Events: none recorded


Date Last Edited:Dec 5 2017 4:08PM