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HER Number:MDV7983
Name:Reave system on Buckland Common

Summary

Thirteen reaves cross Buckland and Welstor Common combined, all following the south-east to north-west trend of the greater Rippon Tor system, several surviving in part for over 1 kilometre, including three that continue beyond Ruddycleave Water and across Pudsham Down. On the northern sector of Welstor Common, the reaves have been truncated by 19th-20th century clearance and cultivation. The reaves on the ridge and west slope of Buckland Common are very clear, where sub-division and cross-reaves are also evident.

Location

Grid Reference:SX 735 737
Map Sheet:SX77SW
Admin AreaDartmoor National Park
Civil ParishBuckland in the Moor
DistrictTeignbridge
Ecclesiastical ParishBUCKLAND IN THE MOOR

Protected Status

  • SHINE: Earthwork remains of a Bronze Age parallel reave system on Buckland Common, extending over Buckland Beacon and including prehistoric hut circle settlements, enclosures and cairns, medieval field systems and pillow mounds and a later field system to east

Other References/Statuses

  • Old DCC SMR Ref: SX77SW/12
  • SHINE Candidate (Yes)

Monument Type(s) and Dates

  • PARALLEL REAVE SYSTEM (Late Neolithic to Late Iron Age - 3000 BC to 42 AD (Between))

Full description

Royal Air Force, 1946, RAF/CPE/UK/1890, 1381 (Aerial Photograph). SDV169268.


Gawne, E. + Somers Cockes, J. V., 1968, Parallel Reaves of Dartmoor, 286-7 (Article in Serial). SDV345858.


National Monuments Record, 1977, SX7374, 1 (Aerial Photograph). SDV314947.


Belsey, P. M., 1983 - 1987, Buckland In The Moor Parish Checklist (Un-published). SDV345904.

Field system, Buckland Common. Number of reaves still on Buckland Common in spite of ploughing. One or two of the internal walls of the pound at SX73357439 seem based on the line of a reave. To north (SX73557419) is another pound. The reave forms one side of a hut in the pound, and to south-east diverges from its regular course to act as the pound wall (unattributed text; thought to be from checklist).


Royal Commission on the Historical Monuments of England, 1985, Aerial Photograph Project (Interpretation). SDV319854.

Large parallel reave system, aligned north-west by south-east. Extends from SX73687416 to SX73117322. There are nine reaves. The systems reaves do not extend beyond the following limits: 1. SX73157413, 2. SX73257368, 3. SX73207340, 4. SX73957288, 5. SX73727349. There is a possible fossilized reave at SX73157313.


GeoInformation Group Ltd, 2010, 1:625 2010 Colour (12.5cm resolution) (Aerial Photograph). SDV346026.

Reaves mostly visible on the aerial photography.


Newman , P., 2015, Rippon Tor Premier Archaeological Landscape, Dartmoor National Park, Devon, 49, figure 18 (Report - Survey). SDV359145.

Reave system on Buckland Common (SX73431 74395). Thirteen reaves cross Buckland and Welstor Common combined, all following the south-east to north-west trend of the greater Rippon Tor system, several surviving in part for over 1 kilometre, including three that continue beyond Ruddycleave Water and across Pudsham Down. On the northern sector of Welstor Common, the reaves have been truncated by 19th-20th century clearance and cultivation. The reaves on the ridge and west slope of Buckland Common are very clear, where sub-division and cross-reaves are also evident.

Sources / Further Reading

SDV169268Aerial Photograph: Royal Air Force. 1946. RAF/CPE/UK/1890. Royal Air Force Aerial Photograph. Photograph (Paper). 1381.
SDV314947Aerial Photograph: National Monuments Record. 1977. SX7374. National Monuments Record Aerial Photograph. Photograph (Paper). 1.
SDV319854Interpretation: Royal Commission on the Historical Monuments of England. 1985. Aerial Photograph Project. Royal Commission on the Historical Monuments of England Aerial Photograph P. Cartographic.
SDV345858Article in Serial: Gawne, E. + Somers Cockes, J. V.. 1968. Parallel Reaves of Dartmoor. Transactions of the Devonshire Association. 100. A5 Hardback. 286-7.
SDV345904Un-published: Belsey, P. M.. 1983 - 1987. Buckland In The Moor Parish Checklist. Parish Checklist. A4 Single Sheet.
SDV346026Aerial Photograph: GeoInformation Group Ltd. 2010. 1:625 2010 Colour (12.5cm resolution). 2010 Aerial Photographs. Digital. [Mapped feature: #106629 ]
SDV359145Report - Survey: Newman , P.. 2015. Rippon Tor Premier Archaeological Landscape, Dartmoor National Park, Devon. South-West Landscape Investigations. A4 Bound + Digital. 49, figure 18.

Associated Monuments

MDV103648Part of: Large field system centred on Halshanger Common (Monument)
MDV30628Related to: Cairn on Buckland Common (Monument)
MDV7995Related to: Complex hut circle settlement on Buckland Common (Monument)
MDV25193Related to: Disused quarry on Welstor Common (Monument)
MDV25199Related to: Field system on western edge of Buckland Common (Monument)
MDV8017Related to: Hut circle settlement on Buckland Common (Monument)
MDV25172Related to: Medieval enclosure on Buckland Common (Monument)
MDV31021Related to: Mortar emplacement by reave on Buckland Common (Monument)
MDV25173Related to: Narrow lane or drift on Buckland Common (Monument)
MDV25215Related to: Parallel reaves on Blackslade Down (Monument)
MDV30931Related to: Remains of a building on Buckland Common (Building)
MDV114604Related to: Rifle Range on Welstor Common (Monument)
MDV25202Related to: Wall running across Buckland Common, Buckland in the Moor (Monument)

Associated Finds: none recorded

Associated Events

  • EDV6836 - Rippon Tor Premier Archaeological Landscape survey

Date Last Edited:Jan 29 2018 12:04PM