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HER Number:MDV7998
Name:Earthwork Enclosure south-east of Leigh Tor

Summary

Earthwork enclosure to the south-east of Leigh Tor of unknown function or date

Location

Grid Reference:SX 713 713
Map Sheet:SX77SW
Admin AreaDartmoor National Park
Civil ParishWidecombe in the Moor
DistrictTeignbridge
Ecclesiastical ParishHOLNE

Protected Status

Other References/Statuses

  • National Monuments Record: 445303
  • Old DCC SMR Ref: SX77SW/25/1

Monument Type(s) and Dates

  • ENCLOSURE (Early Iron Age to Late Medieval - 700 BC to 1539 AD (Between))

Full description

Ordnance Survey, 1880-1899, First Edition Ordnance 25 inch map (Cartographic). SDV336179.

"Pound (remains of)" depicted on the late 19th century historic map.


Victoria County History, 1906, The Victoria History of the County of Devon, pg 597, 629 (Article in Serial). SDV238214.

There are slight indications of a small circular earthwork lower down than Holne Chase Castle (SX72437190) on the edge of the river nearer to Holne Bridge.
Mention of a large hut circle near the road from Tavistock to Ashburton.


Royal Air Force, 1946 - 1949, Royal Air Force Aerial Photographs (Aerial Photograph). SDV342938.

Circular feature is visible on the aerial photography, 50-60 meters in diameter.


Ordnance Survey Archaeology Division, 1960, SX77SW19 (Ordnance Survey Archaeology Division Card). SDV164494.

Visited 19/3/1953 No trace of this earthwork was seen on the thickly wooded scarp between Holne Chase and River Dart or anywhere along the edge of the river.
Visited 23/5/1960 It is possible the Victoria County History is in error in describing the situation of this feature. If the description was amended to read "nearer to New Bridge" it could well apply to the circular pound some 1200 meters south-west of Holne Chase Castle.


Ordnance Survey Archaeology Division, 1960, SX77SW21 (Ordnance Survey Archaeology Division Card). SDV164492.

Visited 11/04/1960 Victoria County History refers to a large hut circle near the road from Tavistock to Ashburton. This may be the pound shown on the historic mapping.
Probably medieval. (Lady A. Fox, 12/05/1960)
Visited 19/05/1960 The work consists of a grass covered stone and earth bank with an outer ditch. Two causewayed entrances may be original. No traces of internal occupation.
Spread bank best preserved on the south-western side. The bank is 1.2 meters high on the inner side and 1.5 meters high on the outer. Ditch is 1.0 meter deep. Causewayed entrances to the north and south. Just to the east of the northern entrance is a modern break in the outer bank. Traces of a ditch can be seen on the eastern side (details from annotated map of the site.)


Devon county Council Ecologist, 1970, Pound on the west bank of the River Dart (Photograph). SDV302320.

Photograph by Devon County Council Ecologist, thought to date to the 1970s, entitled "wall of a pound on west bank of Dart", may represent this site.


Silvester, R. J., 1979, The Relationship of First Millennium Settlement to the Upland Areas of the South West, pg 181, Figure 1 (Article in Serial). SDV177352.


Royal Commission on the Historical Monuments of England, 1985, Aerial Photograph Project (Interpretation). SDV319854.

Circular enclosure visible and recorded on the Royal Air Force aerial photographs. Hut circle not visible.


Fletcher, M. + Moore, B., 2004, The Univallate Enclosure on Deeper Marsh (Report - Survey). SDV352090.

The origin and function of this enigmatic univallate earthwork cannot be positively ascribed from the available evidence. This is due mainly to its location, size and form which do not fit comfortably into any of the conventional archaeological categories for the Dartmoor region. The survey showedthat the spread bank and its wide silted outer ditch appear to be D-shaped rather than circular and was constructed or re-fashioned as a series of short straight lengths. The earthwork has always been susceptible to widespread flooding which would appear to rule out most functions. The site may indicate seasonal occupation during the drier summer months. It has been interpreted as a livestock pound of Medieval origin although the earthwork seems unnecessarily strong and the entrances occur away from the road. The suggestion that it was an Iron Age hill-slope enclosure is also dubious as it has no strategic or visual impact at this location. Another possibilty is that it was a form of tree enclosure as part of a Victorian landscape design.


Ordnance Survey, 2012, MasterMap (Cartographic). SDV348725.

'Pound' shown on modern mapping as a circular feature on Deeper Marsh. Map object is based on this source.


Richards, A. F., 2012, Newbridge Pound record (Personal Comment). SDV349758.

There appears to have been some confusion over references in the Victoria County History over possible sites, which were then recorded separately by the Ordnance Survey (OS), although the circular earthwork mentioned on page 597 was not located by the OS. The large hut circle mentioned on page 629 of the VCH was presumed to be this site.


Lawrence, A., 22/07/2012, Similarity of Newbridge Pound to a henge (Correspondence). SDV349759.

Some points noted regarding this feature and its similarity to a henge monument, including location and layout of the site. Also noted were three central earthen tufts (similar to ant’s nests) apparently regularly positioned around 3.0 meters apart sharing a common radius from the centre of the moment. The site is positioned adjacent to islands on the river. Furthermore, the topography of the site and various features of the surrounding horizons mark the position of the mid summer and mid winter sunrises and the May day sunrise, which may support its interpretation as a henge site.

Sources / Further Reading

SDV164492Ordnance Survey Archaeology Division Card: Ordnance Survey Archaeology Division. 1960. SX77SW21. Ordnance Survey Archaeology Division Card. Card Index.
SDV164494Ordnance Survey Archaeology Division Card: Ordnance Survey Archaeology Division. 1960. SX77SW19. Ordnance Survey Archaeology Division Card. Card Index.
SDV177352Article in Serial: Silvester, R. J.. 1979. The Relationship of First Millennium Settlement to the Upland Areas of the South West. Proceedings of the Devon Archaeological Society. 37. Paperback Volume. pg 181, Figure 1.
SDV238214Article in Serial: Victoria County History. 1906. The Victoria History of the County of Devon. Victoria History of the County of Devon. 1. Unknown. pg 597, 629.
SDV302320Photograph: Devon county Council Ecologist. 1970. Pound on the west bank of the River Dart. Digital.
SDV319854Interpretation: Royal Commission on the Historical Monuments of England. 1985. Aerial Photograph Project. Royal Commission on the Historical Monuments of England Aerial Photograph P. Cartographic.
SDV336179Cartographic: Ordnance Survey. 1880-1899. First Edition Ordnance 25 inch map. First Edition Ordnance Survey 25 inch Map. Map (Digital).
SDV342938Aerial Photograph: Royal Air Force. 1946 - 1949. Royal Air Force Aerial Photographs. Royal Air Force Aerial Photograph. Photograph (Digital).
SDV348725Cartographic: Ordnance Survey. 2012. MasterMap. Ordnance Survey. Map (Digital).
SDV349758Personal Comment: Richards, A. F.. 2012. Newbridge Pound record. Digital.
SDV349759Correspondence: Lawrence, A.. 22/07/2012. Similarity of Newbridge Pound to a henge. Email to A. Richards. Digital.
SDV352090Report - Survey: Fletcher, M. + Moore, B.. 2004. The Univallate Enclosure on Deeper Marsh. English Heritage. A4 Spiral Bound.

Associated Monuments

MDV25137Related to: Hut circle south of pound, Holne (Monument)

Associated Finds: none recorded

Associated Events

  • EDV6232 - Univallate Enclosure on Deeper Marsh

Date Last Edited:May 17 2016 10:09AM