HeritageGateway - Home
Site Map
Text size: A A A
You are here: Home > > > > Devon & Dartmoor HER Result
Devon & Dartmoor HERPrintable version | About Devon & Dartmoor HER | Visit Devon & Dartmoor HER online...

See important guidance on the use of this record.

If you have any comments or new information about this record, please email us.

HER Number:MDV80004
Name:Waterwheel, Town Mills


Overshot waterwheel, cast iron with elm wood buckets. Still in working order.


Grid Reference:SS 592 310
Map Sheet:SS53SE
Admin AreaDevon
Civil ParishLandkey
DistrictNorth Devon
Ecclesiastical ParishLANDKEY

Protected Status: none recorded

Other References/Statuses: none recorded

Monument Type(s) and Dates

  • WATER WHEEL (XIX - 1801 AD to 1900 AD (Between))

Full description

North Devon Archaeological Society, 1989, North Devon Watermills, 19, 22, 27 (Monograph). SDV337776.

The overshot waterwheel is still working, and develops 10 horsepower, at present driving a dynamo. The Darch family took over the mill and bakery in the 1920s and started generating electricity shortly afterwards, however they were later connected to the mains supply as the irregular flow of water made it difficult to regulate the power. Other details: Figures 4, 6; photographs.

University of the Third Age, 1995, Watermills in North Devon 1994, 68-71 (Monograph). SDV74915.

Although not generating electricity, the overshot wheel, which is in reasonable condition, is kept turning to keep the wood from drying out. Other details: Photograph.

Watts, M., 2010, Town Mills, Landkey, Devon: Historic Building Recording, 3, 25 (Report - Survey). SDV347200.

The waterwheel is overshot, 3.96 metres (13 feet) in diameter by 1.22 (4 feet) metres wide. It is fed at about top dead centre from the end of an elm plank launder about 1.2 metres wide. The floor of the launder is lined with sheet metal. The wheel is of iron construction with timber buckets. Some of the cast iron shroud sections carry the name 'Garnish & Lemon Barnstaple'. The shrouds carry 36 elm buckets, which unusually are not nailed together, and some are missing or loose, however the wheel still turns by water and runs relatively quietly and smoothly. Other details: Figures 9-11; plates 1-3.

Ordnance Survey, 2011, MasterMap (Cartographic). SDV346129.

Sources / Further Reading

SDV337776Monograph: North Devon Archaeological Society. 1989. North Devon Watermills. North Devon Watermills. A5 Paperback. 19, 22, 27.
SDV346129Cartographic: Ordnance Survey. 2011. MasterMap. Ordnance Survey. Map (Digital). [Mapped feature: #106805 ]
SDV347200Report - Survey: Watts, M.. 2010. Town Mills, Landkey, Devon: Historic Building Recording. Martin Watts Report. TML 187/2010. A4 Stapled + Digital. 3, 25.
SDV74915Monograph: University of the Third Age. 1995. Watermills in North Devon 1994. Watermills in North Devon 1994. A5 Paperback. 68-71.

Associated Monuments

MDV32835Related to: Mill Leat, Town Mills (Monument)
MDV32836Related to: Town Mills (Building)

Associated Finds: none recorded

Associated Events

  • EDV5034 - Historic Building Recording at Town Mills, Landkey

Date Last Edited:May 24 2011 4:36PM