HeritageGateway - Home
Site Map
Text size: A A A
You are here: Home > > > > Devon & Dartmoor HER Result
Devon & Dartmoor HERPrintable version | About Devon & Dartmoor HER | Visit Devon & Dartmoor HER online...

See important guidance on the use of this record.

If you have any comments or new information about this record, please email us.


HER Number:MDV8014
Name:Ausewell Mine or Wheal Hazel Copper Mine, Ausewell Wood

Summary

Ausewell or Wheal Hazel Copper Mine, in use as early as 1605 for mining copper and tin. Documentary evidence also exists of ironworking and smelting at the site. This site is included in the local list of Nationally Important Dartmoor sites.

Location

Grid Reference:SX 727 709
Map Sheet:SX77SW
Admin AreaDartmoor National Park
Civil ParishAshburton
DistrictTeignbridge
Ecclesiastical ParishASHBURTON

Protected Status

  • SHINE: Ausewell or Wheal Hazel Copper Mine. Tin and copper mine in use as early as 1605

Other References/Statuses

  • National Monuments Record: 1397791
  • Old DCC SMR Ref: SX77SW/41
  • SHINE Candidate (Yes)

Monument Type(s) and Dates

  • MINE (XVI to XVIII - 1600 AD to 1750 AD)

Full description

Ordnance Survey, 1880-1899, First Edition Ordnance 25 inch map (Cartographic). SDV336179.

Map object based on this Source.

Ordnance Survey, 1904 - 1906, Second Edition Ordnance Survey 25 inch Map (Cartographic). SDV325644.

'Old shafts' marked on Ordnance Survey (1906) map.

Ramsden, J. V., 1952, Notes on the Mines of Devonshire, 89, 96 (Article in Serial). SDV60737.

H 7 Hazel see Ausewell. Other details: Figure 1.

Harris, H., 1968, Industrial Archaeology of Dartmoor, 183 (Monograph). SDV149229.

At Ausewell Wood there were copper and tin workings as early as 1605. Shaft remains and deep rock cuttings can still be seen on the hillside.

Hamilton Jenkin, Dr. A. K., 1981, Untitled Source, 106-8 (Report - non-specific). SDV245767.

Royal Commission on the Historical Monuments of England, 1985, Aerial Photograph Project (Dartmoor) - Dartmoor Pre-NMP (Cartographic). SDV319854.

Not visible due to tree cover on Royal Air Force aerial photographs.

Greeves, T. A. P., 1991, Untitled Source, 9, 13+1 (Monograph). SDV336667.

Extensive exploitation of copper and iron from the 17th century. The site is likely to provide evidence of prehistoric exploitation as well. Visually impressive openworks, shafts and adits. Field and documentary evidence of ironworking and smelting from as early as 1600 and copper working by around 1700. Other details: In Tavistock Hamlets parish file.

Newman, P., 2004, Ausewell Wood, Ashburton, Devon, Part II: Ausewell Mine (Wheal Hazel) (Report - Survey). SDV358126.

Work probably began in the early 18th century at Wheal Hazel and was restricted to copper extraction.

Gerrard, S., 2004, List of Sites Remaining to be Considered for Designation on Dartmoor (Un-published). SDV345444.

This site was considered for designation as a Scheduled Ancient Monument during the Monument Protection Programme. The programme ended before the entire list of sites was successfully scheduled so this is included on a local list of Nationally Important Sites.

Ordnance Survey, 2011, MasterMap (Cartographic). SDV346129.

Map object based on this Source.

Sources / Further Reading

SDV149229Monograph: Harris, H.. 1968. Industrial Archaeology of Dartmoor. Industrial Archaeology of Dartmoor. A5 Hardback. 183.
SDV245767Report - non-specific: Hamilton Jenkin, Dr. A. K.. 1981. Mines of Devon: North and East of Dartmoor. Unknown. 106-8.
SDV319854Cartographic: Royal Commission on the Historical Monuments of England. 1985. Aerial Photograph Project (Dartmoor) - Dartmoor Pre-NMP. Royal Commission on the Historical Monuments of England Aerial Photograph P. Cartographic.
SDV325644Cartographic: Ordnance Survey. 1904 - 1906. Second Edition Ordnance Survey 25 inch Map. Second Edition Ordnance Survey 25 inch Map. Map (Digital).
SDV336179Cartographic: Ordnance Survey. 1880-1899. First Edition Ordnance 25 inch map. First Edition Ordnance Survey 25 inch Map. Map (Digital).
SDV336667Monograph: Greeves, T. A. P.. 1991. An Assessment of Copper Mining in Devon (Copper, Brass, Tin). Unknown. 9, 13+1.
SDV345444Un-published: Gerrard, S.. 2004. List of Sites Remaining to be Considered for Designation on Dartmoor. Digital.
SDV346129Cartographic: Ordnance Survey. 2011. MasterMap. Ordnance Survey. Map (Digital).
SDV358126Report - Survey: Newman, P.. 2004. Ausewell Wood, Ashburton, Devon, Part II: Ausewell Mine (Wheal Hazel). English Heritage. AI/09/2004. A4 Comb Bound.
SDV60737Article in Serial: Ramsden, J. V.. 1952. Notes on the Mines of Devonshire. Transactions of the Devonshire Association. 84. A5 Hardback. 89, 96.

Associated Monuments

MDV132550Parent of: Mine building, Ausewell Mine (Monument)
MDV132549Parent of: Mine buildings, Ausewell Mine (Monument)
MDV132548Parent of: Shaft and adit, Ausewell Mine (Monument)
MDV7967Related to: Furnace at Ironworking Site in Ausewell Wood, Ashburton (Monument)
MDV103390Related to: Iron and Copper Working Site in Ausewell Wood, Ashburton (Monument)

Associated Finds: none recorded

Associated Events

  • EDV6724 - Survey of the Cleft Rock Area of Ausewell Mine (Ref: AI/09/2004)

Date Last Edited:Mar 28 2022 11:54AM