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HER Number:MDV8017
Name:Hut circle settlement on Buckland Common

Summary

Sub-rectangular enclosure attached to the north side of a reave, with one internal hut circle. A medieval bank and ditch traverses the south corner of the enclosure.

Location

Grid Reference:SX 734 741
Map Sheet:SX77SW
Admin AreaDartmoor National Park
Civil ParishBuckland in the Moor
DistrictTeignbridge
Ecclesiastical ParishBUCKLAND IN THE MOOR

Protected Status

  • SHINE: Earthwork remains of a Bronze Age parallel reave system on Buckland Common, extending over Buckland Beacon and including prehistoric hut circle settlements, enclosures and cairns, medieval field systems and pillow mounds and a later field system to east

Other References/Statuses

  • Old DCC SMR Ref: SX77SW/44
  • SHINE Candidate (Yes)

Monument Type(s) and Dates

  • ENCLOSURE (Bronze Age - 2200 BC to 701 BC (Between))
  • HUT CIRCLE (Bronze Age - 2200 BC to 701 BC (Between))

Full description

Royal Air Force, 1947, RAF/CPE/UK/2149, 4409 (Aerial Photograph). SDV282746.


Gawne, E. + Somers Cockes, J. V., 1968, Parallel Reaves of Dartmoor, 286-7 (Article in Serial). SDV345858.


National Monuments Record, 1977, SX7374 (Aerial Photograph). SDV314947.


Ordnance Survey Archaeology Division, 1977, SX77SW42 (Ordnance Survey Archaeology Division Card). SDV282753.

Hut circle and enclosure. One hut, of oblong shape with rounded corners except on one side which is straight due to a late Bronze Age/early Iron Age reave having been used. The reave diverges a few degrees from its regular course in order to act as the pound wall (6/7/1977).


Fleming, A., 1983, The Prehistoric Landscape of Dartmoor. Part 2: North and East Dartmoor, 229 (Article in Serial). SDV227880.

The enclosure is one of several on the common, which lie within the parallel reave system stretching from Rippon Tor in the north and Buckland Beacon in the south and now called the Rippon Tor system.


Belsey, P. M., 1983 - 1987, Buckland In The Moor Parish Checklist (Un-published). SDV345904.

The enclosure is 80 metres by 90 metres in extent, roughly rectangular in shape, with two rounded corners at the north-west and north-east. The south wall is based on a reave, aligned north-west by south-east, which diverges slightly from its course to serve the enclosure and returns to its original direction afterwards. The moorstone walls are much tumbled, with an occasional orthostat and covered with vegetation. Lynchetting occurs on the outside of the upper and inside of the lower walls. The remains of an oval hut with no obvious entrance, lie in the north-east quadrant. The enclosure is cut, in a north-south direction, by three animal tracks, but no original entrance can be identified.
The south-east corner is divided by a banked ditch, of an average 0.5 metres depth. There are faint traces of ridge and furrow to the north of this ditch, within the enclosures and also outside the north-west wall, where a bank continues along the edge of the marshy ground. There are several stone clearance piles within the enclosure, but ground in the se corner, outside the ditch, is uncleared.


Royal Commission on the Historical Monuments of England, 1985, Aerial Photograph Project (Interpretation). SDV319854.

D-shaped enclosure cut by two ditches. The enclosure is partitioned having two elements. The partition in the north-east corner has a hut circle incorporated into its inner wall.


Belsey, P. M., 1986, The Enclosed Settlements on Buckland Common, 170-176 (Article in Serial). SDV282758.

Approximately 195 metres north of enclosure MDV7995 and separated by an area of natural clitter, is another smaller enclosure containing one round house. The enclosure is 80 metres by 90 metres in extent, sub-rectangular or d-shaped, with one straight wall on its western side and two rounded corners to the north and east. See article for full description.


GeoInformation Group Ltd, 2010, 1:625 2010 Colour (12.5cm resolution) (Aerial Photograph). SDV346026.

Visible on the aerial photograph.


Newman , P., 2015, Rippon Tor Premier Archaeological Landscape, Dartmoor National Park, Devon, 49, figure 18 (Report - Survey). SDV359145.

Hut circle settlement on Buckland Common. Sub-rectangular enclosure attached to the north side of a reave, with one internal hut circle. A medieval bank and ditch traverses the south corner of the enclosure. Condition is stable, but bracken-covered. SX73440 74110.

Sources / Further Reading

SDV227880Article in Serial: Fleming, A.. 1983. The Prehistoric Landscape of Dartmoor. Part 2: North and East Dartmoor. Proceedings of the Prehistoric Society. 49. Unknown. 229.
SDV282746Aerial Photograph: Royal Air Force. 1947. RAF/CPE/UK/2149. Royal Air Force Aerial Photograph. Photograph (Paper). 4409.
SDV282753Ordnance Survey Archaeology Division Card: Ordnance Survey Archaeology Division. 1977. SX77SW42. Ordnance Survey Archaeology Division Card. Card Index.
SDV282758Article in Serial: Belsey, P. M.. 1986. The Enclosed Settlements on Buckland Common. Proceedings of the Devon Archaeological Exploration Society. 44. Unknown. 170-176.
SDV314947Aerial Photograph: National Monuments Record. 1977. SX7374. National Monuments Record Aerial Photograph. Photograph (Paper).
SDV319854Interpretation: Royal Commission on the Historical Monuments of England. 1985. Aerial Photograph Project. Royal Commission on the Historical Monuments of England Aerial Photograph P. Cartographic.
SDV345858Article in Serial: Gawne, E. + Somers Cockes, J. V.. 1968. Parallel Reaves of Dartmoor. Transactions of the Devonshire Association. 100. A5 Hardback. 286-7.
SDV345904Un-published: Belsey, P. M.. 1983 - 1987. Buckland In The Moor Parish Checklist. Parish Checklist. A4 Single Sheet.
SDV346026Aerial Photograph: GeoInformation Group Ltd. 2010. 1:625 2010 Colour (12.5cm resolution). 2010 Aerial Photographs. Digital. [Mapped feature: #106973 ]
SDV359145Report - Survey: Newman , P.. 2015. Rippon Tor Premier Archaeological Landscape, Dartmoor National Park, Devon. South-West Landscape Investigations. A4 Bound + Digital. 49, figure 18.

Associated Monuments

MDV7995Related to: Complex hut circle settlement on Buckland Common (Monument)
MDV7983Related to: Reave system on Buckland Common (Monument)

Associated Finds: none recorded

Associated Events

  • EDV6836 - Rippon Tor Premier Archaeological Landscape survey

Date Last Edited:Feb 29 2016 11:16AM