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HER Number:MDV8021
Name:Deserted settlement 340 metres south-east of Cold East Cross, Ashburton

Summary

Earthen banks and hollows defining the remains of at least four buildings including a probable longhouse. The site is undocumented and at present undated. However, the approximate period of occupation as evidenced from other similar sites on Dartmoor is circa 1250-1450.

Location

Grid Reference:SX 743 739
Map Sheet:SX77SW
Admin AreaDartmoor National Park
Civil ParishAshburton
DistrictTeignbridge
Ecclesiastical ParishASHBURTON

Protected Status

Other References/Statuses

  • MPP Archaeological Item Dataset: MPP152390
  • Old DCC SMR Ref: SX77SW/48
  • Ordnance Survey Archaeology Division: SX77SW36

Monument Type(s) and Dates

  • DESERTED SETTLEMENT (XIII to XV - 1250 AD to 1450 AD (Between))

Full description

Royal Air Force, 1961, 58/4424, 58/4424. F44.0192 (Aerial Photograph). SDV280247.


Linehan, C. D., 1966, Deserted Sites and Rabbit-Warrens on Dartmoor, Devon, Table 2 (Article in Serial). SDV307246.

Cold East. Deserted site. Two buildings with enclosures at 328 metres.


Haynes, R. G., 1966-1969, Ruined Sites on Dartmoor, 42 (Un-published). SDV150434.

Site visit 14th April 1967. Halsanger. A longhouse built against a slight rise and therefore having no cross passage. A single doorway is visible. A large outbuilding attached to the north. Site now turfed over and rather obscure.


Gerrard, S., 1990-2002, Monument Protection Programme. Archaeological Item Dataset., 152390 (Report - Survey). SDV277946.

Site visit 7th April 1999. A medieval farmstead including at least four rectangular buildings. The southern building probably represents a longhouse, although unusually it is built along the contour. This building measures 15 metres long by 4.6 metres wide with a gap in the eastern wall representing a doorway. Attached to the northern side of the longhouse is a rectangular structure measuring 8 metres long by 4 metres wide. East of this is another one measuring 10 metres long by 4.2 metres wide. A short distance to the north a rectangular hollow 6m long by 3m wide defined on the south by a bank may represent another building. The site survives as an earthwork with occasional protruding rubble. Vegetation: bracken


Newman, P., 2013, An Archaeological Assessment of Halshanger and Horridge Commons, Dartmoor, Devon, 10, Table 1 (Report - Assessment). SDV356396.

Site first recorded by Linehan in 1966 who depiected it was two rectangular buildings arranged in an L-shape. Very little stone survives above ground and an associated enclsoure is now overwhelmed by vegetation. However, two rectangular earthwork hollows may well represent the outlines of buildings. Although the site is undocumented and at present undated, the approximate period of occupation as evidenced at other similar sites on Dartmoor is circa 1250 - 1450. Condition stable. Vegetation: grassland and bracken.


Newman, P., 2013, Halshanger Sites Visited and Confirmed (Report - Survey). SDV351113.


English Heritage, 2013, National Heritage List for England (National Heritage List for England). SDV350785.

Medieval farmstead 340 metres south-east of Cold East Cross.
The monument includes a medieval farmstead situated on a gentle east facing slope overlooking the valley of the River Ashburn. The farmstead includes at least four rectangular buildings. The southern building is a longhouse, although unusually it is built along the contour. The interior of this building measures 15m long by 4.6m wide and is denoted by earthwork banks standing up to 0.8m high. This building is terraced into the hillslope and a gap in the eastern wall probably represents the site of an original entrance. Attached to the northern side of the longhouse is a rectangular structure measuring 8m long by 4m wide. This is also terraced into the hillside and like all the smaller ancillary buildings was probably a barn. East of this structure is a slightly larger building measuring 10m long by 4.2m wide, while a short distance to the north is the final ancillary building which survives as a 6m long by 3m wide rectangular hollow defined on the south by a bank.
The medieval farmstead 340m south east of Cold East Cross survives well and will contain archaeological and environmental information relating to the exploitation of this area during the medieval period. The farmstead lies within the nationally important Rippon Tor coaxial field system and therefore provides a contrast to the earlier more intensive use of this area.


White, P., 2013, Previously Unsurveyed Dartmoor Historic Farmsteads, Halshanger DMS (Un-published). SDV352501.

Halshanger Deserted Medieval Settlement listed.


Newman , P., 2015, Rippon Tor Premier Archaeological Landscape, Dartmoor National Park, Devon, 49 (Report - Survey). SDV359145.

Deserted settlement 340 metres south-east of Cold East Cross, Ashburton. Earthwork remains of two, possibly three, adjoining rectangular buildings of probable medieval date. The longer building is 14m by 4.3m with a possible entrance on the east side. Surveyed at 1:500 scale May 2015 (see Fig 31). Condition is stable but bracken covered. SX74350 73940


Ordnance Survey Archaeology Division, Unknown, SX77SW36 (Ordnance Survey Archaeology Division Card). SDV282480.

Sources / Further Reading

SDV150434Un-published: Haynes, R. G.. 1966-1969. Ruined Sites on Dartmoor. Ruined Sites on Dartmoor. Manuscript + Digital. 42.
SDV277946Report - Survey: Gerrard, S.. 1990-2002. Monument Protection Programme. Archaeological Item Dataset.. Monument Protection Programme. Archaeological Item Dataset.. Mixed Archive Material + Digital. 152390.
SDV280247Aerial Photograph: Royal Air Force. 1961. 58/4424. Royal Air Force Aerial Photograph. Photograph (Paper). 58/4424. F44.0192.
SDV282480Ordnance Survey Archaeology Division Card: Ordnance Survey Archaeology Division. Unknown. SX77SW36. Ordnance Survey Archaeology Division Card. Card Index.
SDV307246Article in Serial: Linehan, C. D.. 1966. Deserted Sites and Rabbit-Warrens on Dartmoor, Devon. Medieval Archaeology. 10. Digital. Table 2.
SDV350785National Heritage List for England: English Heritage. 2013. National Heritage List for England. Historic Houses Register. Digital. [Mapped feature: #107012 ]
SDV351113Report - Survey: Newman, P.. 2013. Halshanger Sites Visited and Confirmed. Digital.
SDV352501Un-published: White, P.. 2013. Previously Unsurveyed Dartmoor Historic Farmsteads. Excel Spreadsheet. Halshanger DMS.
SDV356396Report - Assessment: Newman, P.. 2013. An Archaeological Assessment of Halshanger and Horridge Commons, Dartmoor, Devon. SW Landscape Investigations Report. A4 Bound + Digital. 10, Table 1.
SDV359145Report - Survey: Newman , P.. 2015. Rippon Tor Premier Archaeological Landscape, Dartmoor National Park, Devon. South-West Landscape Investigations. A4 Bound + Digital. 49.

Associated Monuments

MDV20677Parent of: Longhouse 340 metres south-east of Cold East Cross (Building)

Associated Finds: none recorded

Associated Events

  • EDV6433 - Assessment of Halsanger Common, Horridge Common and Rippon Tor
  • EDV6836 - Rippon Tor Premier Archaeological Landscape survey

Date Last Edited:Apr 15 2016 1:12PM