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HER Number:MDV80217
Name:Former Leat North-West of Castle Barton

Summary

An earthwork ditch which is largely depicted on the First Edition Ordnance Survey map of the late 19th century and interpreted as a post-medieval or 19th century leat is visible on digital images derived from lidar data captured between 1998 and 2017.

Location

Grid Reference:SX 865 652
Map Sheet:SX86NE
Admin AreaDevon
Civil ParishMarldon
DistrictSouth Hams
Ecclesiastical ParishMARLDON

Protected Status: none recorded

Other References/Statuses

  • National Trust SMR: 101183

Monument Type(s) and Dates

  • LEAT (Post Medieval to XIX - 1540 AD to 1900 AD (Between))

Full description

Ordnance Survey, 1880-1899, First Edition Ordnance 25 inch map (Cartographic). SDV336179.

A water channel is shown in this location.


Ordnance Survey, 1904 - 1906, Second Edition Ordnance Survey 25 inch Map (Cartographic). SDV325644.

Line of leat shown to west of Drew's Field Lane, under the lane and into an orchard.. Map object based on this Source.


Royal Air Force, 1946, RAF/3G/TUD/UK/223, RAF/3G/TUD/UK/223 V 5080-81 12-JUL-1946 (Aerial Photograph). SDV352279.

A curvilinear earthwork ditch is visible.


Environment Agency, 1998-2017, LiDAR DTM data (1m resolution) EA: South Devon Coast to Dartmoor, LIDAR SX8665 Environment Agency DTM 01-JAN-1998 to 31-MAY-2017 (Cartographic). SDV361470.

A curvilinear earthwork ditch is visible.


Berry, N., 2009, Land at Compton Castle, Devon, 19, 63-4 (Report - Survey). SDV347354.

Long narrow gully with earthbanks aligned north-west to south-east through the west side of Front Garden field, below Castle Barton farmhouse. The feature is grassed over but a distinct gully is visible up to 50 metres long, 1 metre wide with low banks about 1-1.5 metres wide on either side in places. At the north end the gully runs into a blocked gap in the hedgebank. At the south end it fades out amongst trees planted close to the boundary with Compton Road. The line of the gully is shown on the 1887 map, extending to the south end of Front Garden and the bottom end of the Castle Barton farm track. It would clearly seem to be a water leat, perhaps for directing water to the lower end of Drew’s Field or the lower meadows beyond. Other details: Site Inventory map (2) 065.


Ordnance Survey, 2011, MasterMap (Cartographic). SDV346129.

Map object based on this Source.


Hegarty, C., Knight, S. and Sims, R., 2018-2019, The South Devon Coast to Dartmoor Aerial Investigation and Mapping Survey. Area 1, Haldon Ridge to Dart Valley (Interpretation). SDV361305.

A narrow curvilinear ditch, circa 3m wide, is visible as an earthwork on aerial photographs taken from 1946 onwards and on digital images derived from lidar data captured between 1998 and 2017. The earthwork is visible to a length of circa 610 metres and extends from Castle Barton to the south towards Oldacourt Linhay to the north, parallel to Drews Field Lane. The visible earthwork ditch largely corresponds with a water channel shown in this location on the First Edition Ordnance Survey Map of the late 19th century, with exception of the northern most extent which is not shown. Only this northern section has been transcribed during this survey. The earthwork is interpreted as a possible post-medieval or 19th century leat.

Sources / Further Reading

SDV325644Cartographic: Ordnance Survey. 1904 - 1906. Second Edition Ordnance Survey 25 inch Map. Second Edition Ordnance Survey 25 inch Map. Map (Digital). [Mapped feature: #107020 ]
SDV336179Cartographic: Ordnance Survey. 1880-1899. First Edition Ordnance 25 inch map. First Edition Ordnance Survey 25 inch Map. Map (Digital).
SDV346129Cartographic: Ordnance Survey. 2011. MasterMap. Ordnance Survey. Map (Digital).
SDV347354Report - Survey: Berry, N.. 2009. Land at Compton Castle, Devon. National Trust Report. A4 Stapled + Digital. 19, 63-4.
SDV352279Aerial Photograph: Royal Air Force. 1946. RAF/3G/TUD/UK/223. Royal Air Force Aerial Photograph. Photograph (Paper). RAF/3G/TUD/UK/223 V 5080-81 12-JUL-1946.
SDV361305Interpretation: Hegarty, C., Knight, S. and Sims, R.. 2018-2019. The South Devon Coast to Dartmoor Aerial Investigation and Mapping Survey. Area 1, Haldon Ridge to Dart Valley. Historic England Research Report. Digital.
SDV361470Cartographic: Environment Agency. 1998-2017. LiDAR DTM data (1m resolution) EA: South Devon Coast to Dartmoor. Environment Agency LiDAR data. Digital. LIDAR SX8665 Environment Agency DTM 01-JAN-1998 to 31-MAY-2017.

Associated Monuments

MDV80216Related to: Earthworks in Former Orchard, Castle Barton (Monument)

Associated Finds: none recorded

Associated Events

  • EDV7515 - The South Devon Coast to Dartmoor Aerial Investigation and Mapping (formerly NMP) Survey (Ref: ACD1748)

Date Last Edited:Jan 27 2019 1:16PM