HeritageGateway - Home
Site Map
Text size: A A A
You are here: Home > > > > Devon & Dartmoor HER Result
Devon & Dartmoor HERPrintable version | About Devon & Dartmoor HER | Visit Devon & Dartmoor HER online...

See important guidance on the use of this record.

If you have any comments or new information about this record, please email us.

HER Number:MDV8035
Name:Byland Farmstead, Ashburton


Byland farmstead a group of farm buildings around three sides of a courtyard built in the 18th century. Farmstead itself dates back to at least the early 17th century.


Grid Reference:SX 746 706
Map Sheet:SX77SW
Admin AreaDartmoor National Park
Civil ParishAshburton
Ecclesiastical ParishASHBURTON

Protected Status

Other References/Statuses

  • National Monuments Record: SX77SW31
  • National Record of the Historic Environment: 445333
  • Old DCC SMR Ref: SX77SW/62
  • Old Listed Building Ref (II): 375964

Monument Type(s) and Dates

  • FARMSTEAD (First mentioned, XVII to XVIII - 1605 AD (Pre) to 1800 AD (Between))
  • COURTYARD (First mentioned, XVII to XVIII - 1700 AD (Between) to 1800 AD (Between))

Full description

Devon County Council, 1838-1848, Tithe Mosaic, approximately 1838-1848 (Cartographic). SDV349431.

Almost rectangular group of building shown on 19th century Tithe Map with a small yard in the centre and an opening on the south-west side.

Ordnance Survey, 1880-1899, First Edition Ordnance 25 inch map (Cartographic). SDV336179.

'Byland' shown on 19th century map as a U-shaped group of buildings around an enclosed yard to the north of the road.

Ordnance Survey, 1904 - 1906, Second Edition Ordnance Survey 25 inch Map (Cartographic). SDV325644.

'Byland' shown on early 20th century map with a track around the eastern side of the buildings.

Amery, J. S., 1924, (Presidential Address) The Ashburton of past days: its manners, customs and inhabitants, 94, Figure 1 (Article in Serial). SDV315287.

'Byland' remains of Medieval buildings. There is a house or farm named 'Byland' in this position on map dated 1605 of part of the Manor of Ashburton.

Gover, J. E. B. + Mawer, A. + Stenton, F. M., 1932, The Place-Names of Devon: Part Two, 464 (Monograph). SDV337894.

Byland is 'Bilond' in 1604 (Deputy Keeper's Report) and 'The Bye' in 1615 (Documents in the Duchy of Cornwall Office).

Ordnance Survey, 1938, 108SE. Revision of 1904 with additions in 1938. Provisional Edition (Cartographic). SDV336777.

Department of National Heritage, 1992, Ashburton, 2 (List of Blds of Arch or Historic Interest). SDV337041.

National Monuments Record, 2013, 445333, SX77SW31 (National Monuments Record Database). SDV283385.

Three barns form three sides of a square with an entrance to the courtyard on the south-west side. The walls are built with blocks of limestone and shaley stone with granite quoins in long and short work. The roofs of these farm buildings are steeply pitched and their general appearance is ancient. The fourth south-east side is enclosed by a high stone wall and presumably the original Byland farmhouse stood here facing onto the courtyard.

Ordnance Survey, 2013, MasterMap (Cartographic). SDV350786.

'Byland' shown on modern mapping.

English Heritage, 2013, National Heritage List for England (National Heritage List for England). SDV350785.

'Byland' a courtyard of farm buildings incorporating barn and linhays. 18th century of stone rubble, with 20th century weatherboarding to linhay elevations facing yard. Hipped roofs covered with corrugated iron. Courtyard plan with linhays on south-west sides of seven bays, enclosing wall to south-east side and eight-bay threshing barn with southern outshut to north-east side. One storey with loft. Timber lintels over wide doorways on south-west and north-east sides, both providing access to central yard. Courtyard elevations have monolithic granite posts to linhays. 18th century collar truss roofs with face-pegged collars and halved and pegged apexes: linhay to south-west side has jointed crucks to principals facing yard.
History: 'Byland' seems to have originated as a farmstead, and is shown with a house on an Ashburton map of 1605. In 1840 the Tithe Map Apportionment referred to it simply as' Court Field and Barn' and the Tithe Map shows it in its present form as an outfarm. A good example of a complete 18th century courtyard group of farm buildings.

White, P., 2013, Previously Unsurveyed Dartmoor Historic Farmsteads, Byland (Un-published). SDV352501.

Shown on 19th century map.

Sources / Further Reading

SDV283385National Monuments Record Database: National Monuments Record. 2013. 445333. National Monuments Record Database. Website. SX77SW31.
SDV315287Article in Serial: Amery, J. S.. 1924. (Presidential Address) The Ashburton of past days: its manners, customs and inhabitants. Transactions of the Devonshire Association. 56. Unknown. 94, Figure 1.
SDV325644Cartographic: Ordnance Survey. 1904 - 1906. Second Edition Ordnance Survey 25 inch Map. Second Edition Ordnance Survey 25 inch Map. Map (Digital).
SDV336179Cartographic: Ordnance Survey. 1880-1899. First Edition Ordnance 25 inch map. First Edition Ordnance Survey 25 inch Map. Map (Digital).
SDV336777Cartographic: Ordnance Survey. 1938. 108SE. Revision of 1904 with additions in 1938. Provisional Edition. Second Edition Ordnance Survey 6 inch Map. Map (Paper).
SDV337041List of Blds of Arch or Historic Interest: Department of National Heritage. 1992. Ashburton. Historic Houses Register. A4 Spiral Bound. 2.
SDV337894Monograph: Gover, J. E. B. + Mawer, A. + Stenton, F. M.. 1932. The Place-Names of Devon: Part Two. The Place-Names of Devon: Part Two. IX. A5 Hardback. 464.
SDV349431Cartographic: Devon County Council. 1838-1848. Tithe Mosaic, approximately 1838-1848. Digitised Tithe Map. Digital.
SDV350785National Heritage List for England: English Heritage. 2013. National Heritage List for England. Historic Houses Register. Digital.
SDV350786Cartographic: Ordnance Survey. 2013. MasterMap. Ordnance Survey Digital Mapping. Digital. [Mapped features: #107154 ; #107155 ]
SDV352501Un-published: White, P.. 2013. Previously Unsurveyed Dartmoor Historic Farmsteads. Excel Spreadsheet. Byland.

Associated Monuments

MDV113617Parent of: Farm buildings at Byland, Ashburton (Building)

Associated Finds: none recorded

Associated Events: none recorded

Date Last Edited:Jun 28 2022 2:21PM