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HER Number:MDV8038
Name:Rectinlinear enclosure cut by road on Buckland Common

Summary

A small subrectangular enclosure lying within the parallel reave system on Buckland Common is cut in a south-east by north-west direction by a modern road. The road follows the line of a reave which also passes through the enclosure, suggesting later construction. The reave is not visible north-west of the enclosure, where the ground is disturbed.

Location

Grid Reference:SX 737 745
Map Sheet:SX77SW
Admin AreaDartmoor National Park
Civil ParishBuckland in the Moor
DistrictTeignbridge
Ecclesiastical ParishBUCKLAND IN THE MOOR

Protected Status

  • SHINE: Earthwork remains of a Bronze Age parallel reave system on Buckland Common, extending over Buckland Beacon and including prehistoric hut circle settlements, enclosures and cairns, medieval field systems and pillow mounds and a later field system to east

Other References/Statuses

  • National Monuments Record: SX 77 SW 37
  • Old DCC SMR Ref: SX77SW/65
  • SHINE Candidate (Yes)

Monument Type(s) and Dates

  • ENCLOSURE (Early Neolithic to Late Medieval - 4000 BC to 1539 AD (Between))

Full description

Royal Air Force, 1946 - 1949, Royal Air Force Aerial Photographs (Aerial Photograph). SDV342938.


Royal Air Force, 1947, RAF/CPE/UK/2149, 4409-10 (Aerial Photograph). SDV282746.


National Monuments Record, 1977, SX7374, 2 (Aerial Photograph). SDV314947.


Royal Commission on the Historical Monuments of England, 1985, Aerial Photograph Project (Interpretation). SDV319854.

Three sides of rectilinear enclosure visible on aerial photographs, cut by, and damaged by a modern road.


Bruce, B. + Belsey, P. M., 1987, Plane table survey of enclosure on Buckland Common, See worksheet for photo and schematic plan of enclosure (Report - Survey). SDV283394.

16/9/1987 A small subrectangular enclosure lying within the parallel reave system on Buckland Common is cut in a south-east by north-west direction by a modern road. The road follows the line of a reave which also passes through the enclosure, suggesting later construction. The reave is not visible north-west of the enclosure, where the ground is disturbed.
To the north-east, the wall is cut by an area of disturbed ground and a tinners' gully. A round house is situated opposite a gap in the curved south-west wall. Enclosure walls are obscured by vegetation except for the part north of the road, where burning in 1985 has exposed a line of orthostats. The enclosure lies on flat, open moorland some 500 metres north of two larger settlements associated with parallel reaves on Buckland Common. Enclosure banks south of the road approximately 0.45 metres in height by 2 metres in width with occasional large stones visible. A large stone east of the roundhouse, may mark all entrance to the enclosure.


GeoInformation Group Ltd, 2010, 1:625 2010 Colour (12.5cm resolution) (Aerial Photograph). SDV346026.


Newman , P., 2015, Rippon Tor Premier Archaeological Landscape, Dartmoor National Park, Devon, 49, fig 18 (Report - Survey). SDV359145.

Rectangular enclosure on Buckland Common. A rectangular enclosure 0.2 hectares, with rounded south corners, attached to the south side of a reave. Condition is stable, but bracken-covered. SX73720 74510.

Sources / Further Reading

SDV282746Aerial Photograph: Royal Air Force. 1947. RAF/CPE/UK/2149. Royal Air Force Aerial Photograph. Photograph (Paper). 4409-10.
SDV283394Report - Survey: Bruce, B. + Belsey, P. M.. 1987. Plane table survey of enclosure on Buckland Common. Unknown. See worksheet for photo and schematic plan of enclosure.
SDV314947Aerial Photograph: National Monuments Record. 1977. SX7374. National Monuments Record Aerial Photograph. Photograph (Paper). 2.
SDV319854Interpretation: Royal Commission on the Historical Monuments of England. 1985. Aerial Photograph Project. Royal Commission on the Historical Monuments of England Aerial Photograph P. Cartographic.
SDV342938Aerial Photograph: Royal Air Force. 1946 - 1949. Royal Air Force Aerial Photographs. Royal Air Force Aerial Photograph. Photograph (Digital).
SDV346026Aerial Photograph: GeoInformation Group Ltd. 2010. 1:625 2010 Colour (12.5cm resolution). 2010 Aerial Photographs. Digital. [Mapped feature: #107184 ]
SDV359145Report - Survey: Newman , P.. 2015. Rippon Tor Premier Archaeological Landscape, Dartmoor National Park, Devon. South-West Landscape Investigations. A4 Bound + Digital. 49, fig 18.

Associated Monuments

MDV8024Related to: Hut circle adjoining enclosure on Buckland Common (Monument)
MDV25215Related to: Parallel reaves on Blackslade Down (Monument)

Associated Finds: none recorded

Associated Events

  • EDV6836 - Rippon Tor Premier Archaeological Landscape survey

Date Last Edited:Feb 26 2016 2:44PM