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HER Number:MDV8041
Name:Halshanger Common Parallel Reave System

Summary

An extensive system of parallel reaves running on a south-east to north-west axis. North of the River Ashburn, the fields around Halshanger, Mountsland and Horridge are clearly based on the alignment continued on the moor above, and the reaves are easily traced on Buckland, Halshanger, Mountsland and Horridge commons and, to a lesser degree, on Bagtor Down. Part of the Rippon Tor parallel reave system.

Location

Grid Reference:SX 745 747
Map Sheet:SX77SW
Admin AreaDartmoor National Park
Civil ParishAshburton
Civil ParishIlsington
DistrictTeignbridge
Ecclesiastical ParishILSINGTON
Ecclesiastical ParishASHBURTON

Protected Status

Other References/Statuses

  • MPP Archaeological Item Dataset: 152287
  • Old DCC SMR Ref: SX77SW/68/3
  • SHINE Candidate (Yes)

Monument Type(s) and Dates

  • PARALLEL REAVE SYSTEM (Bronze Age - 2200 BC to 701 BC (Between))

Full description

Royal Air Force, 1946, CPE/UK/1824, 3165-7 4166 (Aerial Photograph). SDV288056.


Royal Air Force, 1946, RAF/CPE/UK/1890, 1318-1319 (Aerial Photograph). SDV169268.


Royal Air Force, 1947, RAF/CPE/UK/2149, 4409-11 (Aerial Photograph). SDV282746.


Gawne, E. + Somers Cockes, J. V., 1968, Parallel Reaves of Dartmoor, 277-291, Map (Article in Serial). SDV345858.

An extensive system of parallel reaves running on a south-east – north-west axis. North of the River Ashburn, the fields around Halshanger, Mountsland and Horridge are clearly based on the alignment continued on the moor above, and the reaves are easily traced on Buckland, Halshanger, Mountsland and Horridge commons and, to a lesser degree, on Bagtor Down. The prehistoric settlement at the lower end of Horridge Common is included in the system, the side walls of the little fields being aligned with the general trend of direction. The early 19th century walls enclosing the common are evidently built on top of old reaves. Basically the reaves must represent a form of landholding division rather than field boundaries and because of their obvious relationship are contemporary with, or even earlier than, the late Bronze Age / early Iron Age settlements with 'Celtic' fields. The area between Wittaburrow and Buckland Common seems to be of slightly different character from the rest, having very few reaves lying close together and there being more continuous cross-banks nearly at right angles making an altogether more geometric grid pattern.


Fleming, A., 1983, The Prehistoric Landscape of Dartmoor. Part 2: North and East Dartmoor, 202 (Article in Serial). SDV227880.


Fleming, A., 1984, The Prehistoric Landscape of Dartmoor; Wider Implications, 9 (Article in Serial). SDV320417.


Royal Commission on the Historical Monuments of England, 1985, Aerial Photograph Project (Interpretation). SDV319854.

Part of Rippon Tor parallel reave system. The southern boundary of this parallel reave system is the streamwork and openwork on the River Ashburn. The western boundary is the termination of the reaves at SX73947496, SX73947489 and SX73967470. There is one reave running south-west / north-east across the whole system, between SX74157437 and SX75007490 forming a terminal for some reaves which are aligned north-west/south-east. This reave is fairly straight east of SX74577460 but curves round a contour west of this point (technically this is two reaves, the western part apparently later than the east part, but the line still forms one dividing unit within the parallel reave system). There are fourteen reaves visible extending north-west from the 'terminal' reave, and eight extending south-east. Only one reave at SX74767475 extends directly across the 'terminal' reave. There are patches of ridge and furrow at SX74497456, SX74317467 and SX74137450.


Griffith, F. M., 1985, DAP/EN, 10A, 11 (Aerial Photograph). SDV346962.


Fleming, A., 1988, The Dartmoor Reaves: Investigating Prehistoric Land Divisions, 19, 29, 40, 46, 49, 50, 53, 57, 62, 118, Figs 13, 26, 28 (Monograph). SDV229071.

The Rippon Tor parallel reave system is much more extensive than originally thought and probably the largest system in Britain.


Gerrard, S., 1990-2002, Monument Protection Programme. Archaeological Item Dataset., 152287 (Report - Survey). SDV277946.

Coaxial fields on Halsanger and Horridge Commons, forming part of the Rippon Tor coaxial field system.


Butler, J., 1991, Dartmoor Atlas of Antiquities: Volume One - The East, 40, Fig. 5.1, Map 5 (Monograph). SDV299725.

Butler depicts this system and describes elements of it.


GeoInformation Group Ltd, 2010, 1:625 2010 Colour (12.5cm resolution) (Aerial Photograph). SDV346026.

Reave system is clearly visible on the aerial photography.


Newman, P., 2013, An Archaeological Assessment of Halshanger and Horridge Commons, Dartmoor, Devon, 7, Table 1 (Report - Assessment). SDV356396.

Halsanger Common section of the Rippon Tor parallel reave system. Seven visible, although intermittent, reaves spaced approximately 46 metres apart running on a north-west to south-east orientation between the New House road wall and the mire surrounding the Ashburn. It is not known if the reave system continued through the area since subsumed by the mire. Although this is a possibility, no evidence is visible on the RAF aerial photos of 1946 when the mire was less extensive. In the central portion of the modern enclosure (centred SX7486 7478) is a series of small rectangular plots created by additional shorter reaves. Although these follow the same axis as the longer reaves and part of the same system, this block does not appear to extend further up the slope. The curving outer walls of an associated enclosure (SX7451 7453) does not appear to site comfortably within the reave system and is probably a later addition. The modern drystone walls that make up the boundary of the Horridge Common/Rippon Tor enclosure were built over the remains of reaves and run along the same straight coaxial alignment. Condition stable, although intermittent vehicle damage at several places.


English Heritage, 2014, National Heritage List for England (National Heritage List for England). SDV355683.

Part of the Rippon Tor coaxial field system.


Newman , P., 2015, Rippon Tor Premier Archaeological Landscape, Dartmoor National Park, Devon, 49 (Report - Survey). SDV359145.

Halshanger Common Parallel Reave System. Seven visible though intermittent parallel reaves spaced approximately 46m apart , following the prevailing NW to SE axis of the Rippon Tor system. The reaves terminate just north of the mire at the head of the Ashburn. At the south end (centred SX 7486 7478) is a series of small rectangular plots created by additional shorter reaves with right-angled sub-divisions between them. See also MDV 25217; MDV 25219 for associated monuments. Condition is stable but affected by bracken and gorse. SX74239 75102.


Newman , P., 2015, Rippon Tor Premier Archaeological Landscape, Dartmoor National Park, Devon, 49, figure 22 (Report - Survey). SDV359145.

Halshanger Common Parallel Reave System. Seven visible though intermittent parallel reaves spaced approximately 46 metres apart , following the prevailing north-west to south-east axis of the Rippon Tor system. The reaves terminate just north of the mire at the head of the Ashburn. At the south end (centred SX 7486 7478) is a series of small rectangular plots created by additional shorter reaves with right-angled sub-divisions between them. See also MDV 25217; MDV 25219 for associated monuments. Condition is stable but affected by bracken and gorse. SX74239 75102.

Sources / Further Reading

SDV169268Aerial Photograph: Royal Air Force. 1946. RAF/CPE/UK/1890. Royal Air Force Aerial Photograph. Photograph (Paper). 1318-1319.
SDV227880Article in Serial: Fleming, A.. 1983. The Prehistoric Landscape of Dartmoor. Part 2: North and East Dartmoor. Proceedings of the Prehistoric Society. 49. Unknown. 202.
SDV229071Monograph: Fleming, A.. 1988. The Dartmoor Reaves: Investigating Prehistoric Land Divisions. The Dartmoor Reaves: Investigating Prehistoric Land Divisions. Hardback Volume. 19, 29, 40, 46, 49, 50, 53, 57, 62, 118, Figs 13, 26, 28.
SDV277946Report - Survey: Gerrard, S.. 1990-2002. Monument Protection Programme. Archaeological Item Dataset.. Monument Protection Programme. Archaeological Item Dataset.. Mixed Archive Material + Digital. 152287.
SDV282746Aerial Photograph: Royal Air Force. 1947. RAF/CPE/UK/2149. Royal Air Force Aerial Photograph. Photograph (Paper). 4409-11.
SDV288056Aerial Photograph: Royal Air Force. 1946. CPE/UK/1824. Royal Air Force Aerial Photograph. Photograph (Paper). 3165-7 4166.
SDV299725Monograph: Butler, J.. 1991. Dartmoor Atlas of Antiquities: Volume One - The East. Dartmoor Atlas of Antiquities: Volume One - The East. One. Paperback Volume. 40, Fig. 5.1, Map 5.
SDV319854Interpretation: Royal Commission on the Historical Monuments of England. 1985. Aerial Photograph Project. Royal Commission on the Historical Monuments of England Aerial Photograph P. Cartographic.
SDV320417Article in Serial: Fleming, A.. 1984. The Prehistoric Landscape of Dartmoor; Wider Implications. Landscape History. 6. Unknown. 9.
SDV345858Article in Serial: Gawne, E. + Somers Cockes, J. V.. 1968. Parallel Reaves of Dartmoor. Transactions of the Devonshire Association. 100. A5 Hardback. 277-291, Map.
SDV346026Aerial Photograph: GeoInformation Group Ltd. 2010. 1:625 2010 Colour (12.5cm resolution). 2010 Aerial Photographs. Digital. [Mapped feature: #107216 ]
SDV346962Aerial Photograph: Griffith, F. M.. 1985. DAP/EN. Devon Aerial Photograph. Photograph (Paper). 10A, 11.
SDV355683National Heritage List for England: English Heritage. 2014. National Heritage List for England. Historic Houses Register. Website.
SDV356396Report - Assessment: Newman, P.. 2013. An Archaeological Assessment of Halshanger and Horridge Commons, Dartmoor, Devon. SW Landscape Investigations Report. A4 Bound + Digital. 7, Table 1.
SDV359145Report - Survey: Newman , P.. 2015. Rippon Tor Premier Archaeological Landscape, Dartmoor National Park, Devon. South-West Landscape Investigations. A4 Bound + Digital. 49, figure 22.

Associated Monuments

MDV25217Parent of: Parallel Reave System on the south-eastern edge of Halshanger Common (Monument)
MDV25220Related to: Enclosure in Reave System on Halshanger Common (Monument)
MDV25212Related to: Hedge bank on Halshanger Common (Monument)
MDV62322Related to: Hut circle in reave system on Halshanger Common (Monument)
MDV62308Related to: Hut circle in Reave System on Halshanger Common (Monument)
MDV62310Related to: Hut circle in Reave System on Halshanger Common (Monument)
MDV62318Related to: Hut circle in Reave System on Halshanger Common (Monument)
MDV62320Related to: Hut circle in Reave System on Halshanger Common (Monument)
MDV62321Related to: Hut circle in Reave System on Halshanger Common (Monument)
MDV62314Related to: Hut Circle in Reave System on Halshanger Common (Monument)
MDV62313Related to: Hut circle in settlement on Halshanger Common (Monument)
MDV62311Related to: Hut circle on Halshanger Common (Monument)
MDV62317Related to: Hut circle within enclosure in reave system on Halshanger Common (Monument)
MDV62312Related to: Hut circle within Reave System on Halshanger Common (Monument)
MDV62319Related to: Hut circle within Reave System on Halshanger Common (Monument)
MDV103648Related to: Large field system centred on Halshanger Common (Monument)
MDV113190Related to: Medieval field boundary on the east slope of the Blackslade Valley (Monument)
MDV25215Related to: Parallel reaves on Blackslade Down (Monument)
MDV62346Related to: Ridge and furrow on Halshanger Common (Monument)
MDV15391Related to: Rippon Tor Reave (Monument)
MDV25219Related to: Settlement on Halshanger Common (Monument)
MDV62349Related to: Shelter in reave system on Halshanger Common (Building)
MDV25168Related to: Trial pits on Halshanger Common (Monument)
MDV26799Related to: Trial pits on Halshanger Common (Monument)
MDV62347Related to: Trial pits on Halshanger Common (Monument)

Associated Finds: none recorded

Associated Events

  • EDV6433 - Assessment of Halsanger Common, Horridge Common and Rippon Tor
  • EDV6836 - Rippon Tor Premier Archaeological Landscape survey

Date Last Edited:Jul 27 2018 2:18PM