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HER Number:MDV8054
Name:Dartmoor Section of the Moretonhampstead and South Devon Railway

Summary

The Moretonhampstead and South Devon Railway opened in 1866 and ran from Newton Abbot to Moretonhampstead, serving the eastern side of Dartmoor, using part of the route of the earlier Haytor Granite Tramway and closely following the Bovey and Wray valleys. It closed to passengers in 1959 and to freight above Bovey Tracey in 1964. Moretonhampstead station was subsequently redeveloped for modern industrial use but a former engine shed and part of a goods shed still survive.

Location

Grid Reference:SX 778 827
Map Sheet:SX78SE
Admin AreaDartmoor National Park
Civil ParishLustleigh
DistrictTeignbridge
Ecclesiastical ParishLUSTLEIGH

Protected Status

  • SHINE: Earthwork remains of a section of the late 19th century Moretonhampstead and South Devon Railway in Sanduck Wood, as well as weir and leat to East Wray Mill
  • SHINE: Earthwork remains of a section of the Moretonhampstead and South Devon Railway north-west of Wray Barton Manor

Other References/Statuses

  • Old DCC SMR Ref: SX77NE/10
  • SHINE Candidate (Yes)

Monument Type(s) and Dates

  • RAILWAY (XVIII to XXI - 1751 AD to 2009 AD (Between))

Full description

Ordnance Survey, 1880-1899, First Edition Ordnance 25 inch map (Cartographic). SDV336179.

Marked on the 1880s-1890s Ordnance Survey map.


Ordnance Survey, 1904 - 1906, Second Edition Ordnance Survey 25 inch Map (Cartographic). SDV325644.

Marked on the 1904-1906 Ordnance Survey map.


Harris, H., 1968, Industrial Archaeology of Dartmoor, 22, 176-7 (Monograph). SDV149229.

The Moretonhampstead and South Devon Railway opened in 1866 and ran from Newton Abbot to Moretonhampstead, serving the eastern side of Dartmoor, using part of the route of the earlier Haytor Granite Tramway and closely following the Bovey and Wray valleys. The line was used for carrying goods traffic, as well as visitors to the moor, and there were stops at Pullabrook and Lustleigh. Visitors could continue on foot or by pony-trap on to Haytor or Chagford. In 1878, the line was bought by the Great Western and was busiest during the first part of the twentieth century. The increasing use of buses and private cars contributed to its decline and it was closed in 1959, after which the rails were removed and other parts demolished. Moretonhampstead station has been redeveloped for modern industrial use, but the main station building and a former engine shed remain.


Minchinton, W. E., 1973, Industrial Archaeology in Devon, 8 (Monograph). SDV7016.

The Moretonhampstead line; a branch line of the Great Western Railway has ceased operation.


Thomas, D. St. J., 1981, A Regional History of Railways of Great Britain, 87-88 (Monograph). SDV168.

The Moretonhampstead and South Devon Railway opened on 4th July 1866 and was worked by the South Devon Railway. Traffic was poor until the end of the century when tourism made an impact. After the war traffic declined and passengers ceased to be carried on 2nd March 1959. The section above Bovey Tracey was closed in 1964 to freight and withdrawn from Bovey Tracey in 1971. Freight still runs to Heathfield. The line overlies the Haytor Granite Tramway for part of its course. The terminus of the tramway where it met the Stover Canal was at Ventiford Wharf.


Hemery, E., 1983, Walking the Dartmoor Railroads, 7, 74, 128-135 (Monograph). SDV345331.

Detailed description of the line from Newton Abbot to Moretonhampstead.


Pike, J., 1987, Iron Horse To the Sea: Railways in South Devon, 78-83 (Monograph). SDV345333.

In 1858 a public meeting was held at the Globe Hotel in Newton Abbot to discuss the desirability of a train line to Moretonhampstead but it wasn’t until the Devon Central Railway Bill was promoted in late 1860 that it became a real possibility and the line was eventually opened in 1866, having been built during the exceptionally bad weather in January 1866. Later the motor bus services lead to a decreased use of the train line, preceding its eventual closure.


Kingdom, A. + Lang, M., 2004, The Newton Abbot to Moretonhampstead Railway (Monograph). SDV345332.

Extremely detailed text with many photographs of the line from Newton Abbot to Moretonhampstead, also including time tables, engineering and operating data, memories of the line and current condition of the line.


Ordnance Survey, 2010, MasterMap (Cartographic). SDV344030.

Sources / Further Reading

SDV149229Monograph: Harris, H.. 1968. Industrial Archaeology of Dartmoor. Industrial Archaeology of Dartmoor. A5 Hardback. 22, 176-7.
SDV168Monograph: Thomas, D. St. J.. 1981. A Regional History of Railways of Great Britain. A Regional History of Railways of Great Britain. 1. Unknown. 87-88.
SDV325644Cartographic: Ordnance Survey. 1904 - 1906. Second Edition Ordnance Survey 25 inch Map. Second Edition Ordnance Survey 25 inch Map. Map (Digital).
SDV336179Cartographic: Ordnance Survey. 1880-1899. First Edition Ordnance 25 inch map. First Edition Ordnance Survey 25 inch Map. Map (Digital).
SDV344030Cartographic: Ordnance Survey. 2010. MasterMap. Ordnance Survey. Map (Digital). [Mapped feature: #107335 ]
SDV345331Monograph: Hemery, E.. 1983. Walking the Dartmoor Railroads. Walking the Dartmoor Railroads. Hardback Volume. 7, 74, 128-135.
SDV345332Monograph: Kingdom, A. + Lang, M.. 2004. The Newton Abbot to Moretonhampstead Railway. The Newton Abbot to Moretonhampstead Railway. Paperback Volume.
SDV345333Monograph: Pike, J.. 1987. Iron Horse To the Sea: Railways in South Devon. Iron Horse To the Sea: Railways in South Devon. Paperback Volume. 78-83.
SDV7016Monograph: Minchinton, W. E.. 1973. Industrial Archaeology in Devon. Industrial Archaeology in Devon. Paperback Volume. 8.

Associated Monuments

MDV39796Parent of: Former engine house, Moretonhampstead station (Building)
MDV110892Related to: Barn 180 metres south-west of King's Bridge, Moretonhampstead (Building)
MDV124597Related to: Lower Yeo Cottage, Lustleigh (Building)
MDV9120Related to: Moretonhampstead Branch Line Railway from Newton Abbot to Heathfield (Monument)
MDV80148Related to: Moretonhampstead railway commemorative stone (Monument)
MDV37935Related to: The Cleave Hotel, Lustleigh (Building)

Associated Finds: none recorded

Associated Events

  • EDV7393 - Archaeological condition survey in Sanduck Woods
  • EDV7411 - North Bovey Woodlands archaeological survey
  • EDV7430 - Woodland Survey (1985) in Wray Cleave, Sanduck Wood, Caseley Wood, Kings Wood and Fingle Woods

Date Last Edited:Jan 15 2019 11:19AM