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HER Number:MDV8068
Name:Haytor Granite Tramway, Haytor to Stover Canal

Summary

Granite Tramway. In use between 1820 and around 1858 to transport granite from the quarries at Haytor to the terminus of the Stover Canal at Teigngrace, where it could then be transported to the coast at Teignmouth. Constructed by George Templer, whose father James built the canal. Became disused due to the cost of loading the granite onto the barges at Teigngrace and then a second transfer at Teignmouth and competition from other quarries. Sections of the tramway are still visible.

Location

Grid Reference:SX 75 77
Map Sheet:SX77NE
Admin AreaDartmoor National Park
Civil ParishBovey Tracey
Civil ParishIlsington
DistrictTeignbridge
Ecclesiastical ParishILSINGTON

Protected Status

Other References/Statuses

  • Old DCC SMR Ref: SX77NE/21
  • Old Listed Building Ref (II): 84462
  • Old SAM County Ref: 449
  • SHINE Candidate (Yes)

Monument Type(s) and Dates

  • TRAMWAY (XIX - 1820 AD to 1858 AD (Between))

Full description

Appleton, E., 1875, The Economic Geology of Devon, 235 (Article in Serial). SDV217610.

The tramway ran from the quarries through Bovey Tracey, Heathfield and Knighton Heathfield to the head of the Stover Canal at Ventover, near Stover House.


Ordnance Survey, 1880-1899, First Edition Ordnance 25 inch map (Cartographic). SDV336179.

Line of the tramway ('disused') depicted on the First Edition map. Map object based on this Source.


Royal Air Force, 1946, RAF/CPE/UK/1890, 4435 (Aerial Photograph). SDV169268.


Adams, E. A., 1946, The Old Heytor Granite Railway, 161-163 (Article in Serial). SDV341504.

Haytor railway was built in 1820, and was still in use till 1870. The rails are oblong plates of granite laid end to end with an internal flange. The wheels of the wagons were unflanged and ran outside the flanges of the track. The line ended at Ventiford Wharf on the Stover Canal at Teigngrace. 1.22 meter gauge. Other details: Plates 11-17.


Department of Environment, 1960, Haytor Granite Tramway (Schedule Document). SDV282578.

Railway serving granite quarries opened in 1820. Extensive length of track with cuttings, embankments and junctions with points, all in granite (only part of its length is scheduled SX75057777, SX75357745, SX76127752, SX77137756).


Minchinton, W. E., 1973, Industrial Archaeology in Devon, 26 (Monograph). SDV7016.

The Haytor Granite Tramway. Built by George Templer and opened in 1820, this unusual 162 millimetre gauge tramway was used for transporting granite from the Haytor Quarries to Ventiford Wharf on the Stover Canal at Teigngrace. The rails made of granite blocks 38 millimetres wide and 29 millimetres deep vary in length from 152 millimetres to 305 millimetres. They were laid longitudinally and had flanges on the inside. The tramway ceased operation when the quarries were closed in the late 1850's. The section from Holwell Quarry to the Manaton road has much granite rail in situation.


Thomas, D. St. J., 1981, A Regional History of Railways of Great Britain, 86-7 (Monograph). SDV168.


Royal Commission on the Historical Monuments of England, 1985, Aerial Photograph Project (Interpretation). SDV319854.

Visible and recorded.


Devon County Council, 1985, EN, 12 (Aerial Photograph). SDV282585.


Devon County Council, 1985, EO, 5, 5a (Aerial Photograph). SDV282584.


Smy, A. F. + Hunt, P. J. + Mercer, I. D. + Dann, N. J., 1985, Haytor Granite Tramway and Stover Canal: A Countryside Study (Monograph). SDV297534.


Snell, R., 1986, Green Lanes in Devon Project (Un-published). SDV8442.


Department of Environment, 1986, Scheduled Monument Consent Letter (Correspondence). SDV282579.

Scheduled Monument Consent granted for repairs to trackbed.


Griffith, F. M., 1988, Devon's Past. An Aerial View, 107 (Monograph). SDV64198.

The most striking feature of the tramway is its construction. The 'rails' are made from the granite that they were to carry.


Devon County Council, 1988, Templer Way Guide for the Walker (Leaflet). SDV297243.


Harris, H., 1994, The Haytor Granite Tramway and Stover Canal, 46 (Monograph). SDV341541.

Constructed by George Templer who began developing the Haytor Quarries from 1813. Trade in Haytor granite had largely ceased by the late 1850's. History and guide to visible stretches of the tramway given. Branches of the tramway served Holwell, Rubble Heap, Harrow Barrow and Western quarries at Haytor.
Stretch of tramway clearly visible beside track in Yarner Wood at SX78547845 where it curves around the hillside. Near to milestone 5. Another section visible at SX79007845 following contours round Lower Down. Partly inaccessible on private land (page 46).
Well defined length of tramway in private woodland to right hand side of Lower Down Cross to Chapple Road at SX79977804 (page 47).


Newman, P., 2002, Haytor Down, Ilsington, Devon, 21-23, Figure 9-10 (Report - Survey). SDV346395.

The opening of Haytor Granite Tramway from Haytor to the Stover Canal is documented to 1820. It has later extensions to the quarries at Holwell, Emsworthy and Rubble Heap. It uses parallel lines of flanged rectangular stones and extends to 8.5 miles.


Stanbrook, E., 2003, Dartmoor's vanished railways; The Haytor Granite Tramway, 21 (Article in Serial). SDV282596.

In use between 1820 and around 1858 to transport granite from the quarries at Haytor to the terminus of the Stover Canal at Teigngrace, where it could then be transported to the coast at Teignmouth. Constructed by George Templer, whose father James built the canal. Became disused due to the cost of loading the granite onto the barges at Teigngrace and then a second transfer at Teignmouth and competition from other quarries. Other details: Scanned copy of parish file source. Original at DCC.


Natural England Volunteers, 2009-2015, Natural England Volunteer Archaeological Survey, P4 (1-4), P16 (Worksheet). SDV350591.

(Visited 05/08/2010) Aspects of the tramway recorded, including granite setts, corner wedges and metal plates. Six photographs taken. Photographic record is held by Natural England.
SX 78577 78437 (10/04/2011) Templer Way feather and tare recorded. The granite tramway of 1.2 metres wide, L-shaped profile 17 centimetres wide by 15 centimetres. Formed by length of granite rail 1.5 metres long, set end to end along both sides of the tramway. Rear edge of rail has four feather and tare holes: 2 centimetres diameter by 5 centimetres deep. In good condition although covered in 17 centimetres of leaf mould. Sketch made.


Natural England Volunteers, 2009-2015, Natural England Volunteer Archaeological Survey, R4 (Worksheet). SDV350591.

Visited 25/03/2011. Templer Way recorded at SX 76937 77543. Visible track-way points and marker stones from start to SX 77204 77560. Yarner boundary.


Richards, A. F., 2011, Comment about the tramway (Personal Comment). SDV347995.

The route of the tramway leaves the National Park at SX80387753 and then heads south-easterly for approximately 850 meters to a point near SX81187720.


Ordnance Survey, 2011, MasterMap (Cartographic). SDV346129.

Sections of the tramway are depicted on the modern mapping. Map object based on this Source.


English Heritage, 2011, National Heritage List for England (National Heritage List for England). SDV347072.

Milestone and section of track belonging to former granite tramway from Haytor quarry to Stover Canal. 1820s. Granite. Low granite post with roughly shaped head, carved with the figure 6 which represents the number of miles from the canal. About 1½ metres in front of it a short stretch of granite trackway. The Granite Tramway was opened in 1820 for horse-drawn wagons carrying granite from Haytor quarries to the Stover Canal, whence it was taken by barge to the port of Teignmouth. Source: M C Ewans, The Haytor Granite Tramway, 1964. Other details: LB UID: 84462.


Blaylock, S., 2015, Stover Park, Devon, 3 (Report - non-specific). SDV360090.

Built by George Templer in 1820 to facilitate the transport of granite from the quarries to the Stover Canal.

Sources / Further Reading

SDV168Monograph: Thomas, D. St. J.. 1981. A Regional History of Railways of Great Britain. A Regional History of Railways of Great Britain. 1. Unknown. 86-7.
SDV169268Aerial Photograph: Royal Air Force. 1946. RAF/CPE/UK/1890. Royal Air Force Aerial Photograph. Photograph (Paper). 4435.
SDV217610Article in Serial: Appleton, E.. 1875. The Economic Geology of Devon. Transactions of the Devonshire Association. 7. Digital. 235.
SDV282578Schedule Document: Department of Environment. 1960. Haytor Granite Tramway. The Schedule of Monuments. Unknown.
SDV282579Correspondence: Department of Environment. 1986. Scheduled Monument Consent Letter. Scheduled Monument Consent Letter. Unknown.
SDV282584Aerial Photograph: Devon County Council. 1985. EO. Devon Aerial Photograph. Photograph (Paper). 5, 5a.
SDV282585Aerial Photograph: Devon County Council. 1985. EN. Devon Aerial Photograph. Photograph (Paper). 12.
SDV282596Article in Serial: Stanbrook, E.. 2003. Dartmoor's vanished railways; The Haytor Granite Tramway. Dartmoor Magazine. 71. Digital. 21.
SDV297243Leaflet: Devon County Council. 1988. Templer Way Guide for the Walker. Templer Way Guide for the Walker. Unknown.
SDV297534Monograph: Smy, A. F. + Hunt, P. J. + Mercer, I. D. + Dann, N. J.. 1985. Haytor Granite Tramway and Stover Canal: A Countryside Study. Haytor Granite Tramway and Stover Canal: A Countryside Study. A4 Paperback.
SDV319854Interpretation: Royal Commission on the Historical Monuments of England. 1985. Aerial Photograph Project. Royal Commission on the Historical Monuments of England Aerial Photograph P. Cartographic.
SDV336179Cartographic: Ordnance Survey. 1880-1899. First Edition Ordnance 25 inch map. First Edition Ordnance Survey 25 inch Map. Map (Digital).
SDV341504Article in Serial: Adams, E. A.. 1946. The Old Heytor Granite Railway. Transactions of the Devonshire Association. 78. A5 Hardback. 161-163.
SDV341541Monograph: Harris, H.. 1994. The Haytor Granite Tramway and Stover Canal. The Haytor Granite Tramway and Stover Canal. A5 Paperback. 46.
SDV346129Cartographic: Ordnance Survey. 2011. MasterMap. Ordnance Survey. Map (Digital).
SDV346395Report - Survey: Newman, P.. 2002. Haytor Down, Ilsington, Devon. Royal Commission on the Historical Monuments of England Report. A1/2/1999. A4 Spiral Bound. 21-23, Figure 9-10.
SDV347072National Heritage List for England: English Heritage. 2011. National Heritage List for England. Website.
SDV347995Personal Comment: Richards, A. F.. 2011. Comment about the tramway. Digital.
SDV350591Worksheet: Natural England Volunteers. 2009-2015. Natural England Volunteer Archaeological Survey. Natural England Archaeological Survey. Worksheet. P4 (1-4), P16.
SDV360090Report - non-specific: Blaylock, S.. 2015. Stover Park, Devon. Digital. 3.
SDV64198Monograph: Griffith, F. M.. 1988. Devon's Past. An Aerial View. Devon's Past. An Aerial View. Paperback Volume. 107.
SDV7016Monograph: Minchinton, W. E.. 1973. Industrial Archaeology in Devon. Industrial Archaeology in Devon. Paperback Volume. 26.
SDV8442Un-published: Snell, R.. 1986. Green Lanes in Devon Project. Green Lanes in Devon Project. Not applicable. Unknown.

Associated Monuments

MDV19593Parent of: Haytor Granite Tramway (Monument)
MDV106582Parent of: Section of the Haytor Granite Tramway at Bovey Tracey (Monument)
MDV104027Related to: Access track to Yarner Copper Mine Engine House (Monument)
MDV26542Related to: Blacksmith's Workshop at Holwell Quarry part of Haytor Quarries, Ilsington (Building)
MDV21312Related to: Bovey Pottery Leat (Dartmoor section) (Monument)
MDV91685Related to: Bridge over Bovey Pottery Leat south-east of Chappel Farm (Monument)
MDV117050Related to: Building 400 metres north of Emsworthy Rocks, Ilsington (Building)
MDV34277Related to: Building at Emsworthy Rocks west Quarry, Ilsington (Building)
MDV117041Related to: Building at Holwell Quarry part of Haytor Quarries, Ilsington (Building)
MDV34279Related to: Building at Holwell Quarry part of Haytor Quarries, Ilsington (Building)
MDV34280Related to: Building at Holwell Quarry part of Haytor Quarries, Ilsington (Building)
MDV117048Related to: Building north of Emsworthy Rocks Eastern Quarry, Ilsington (Building)
MDV34283Related to: Building south of Haytor Granite Tramway, Ilsington (Building)
MDV56668Related to: Chapple Bridge (Monument)
MDV27870Related to: Cider Press Pound Stone on Haytor Down, Ilsington (Monument)
MDV63727Related to: Clapper Bridge carrying Trackway north of Haytor Vale, Ilsington (Monument)
MDV56660Related to: Emsworthy Rocks East Quarry also known as Harrow Barrow Quarry, Ilsington (Monument)
MDV16730Related to: Emsworthy Rocks west Quarry, Ilsington (Monument)
MDV16745Related to: Haytor GraniteTramway, Milestone (Monument)
MDV16733Related to: Holwell Quarry part of Haytor Quarries, Ilsington (Monument)
MDV115876Related to: Hut Circle on western side of Prehistoric Settlement north of Emsworthy Rocks, Ilsington (Monument)
MDV124885Related to: Leat on Haytor Down (Monument)
MDV26565Related to: Linear Open Tin Works on Haytor Down, Ilsington (Monument)
MDV14160Related to: Medieval Building north-east of the Holwell Tor, Ilsington (Building)
MDV116381Related to: Medieval Ridge and Furrow north-east of Haytor Rocks, Ilsington (Monument)
MDV56656Related to: Milestone 5, Haytor Tramway (Monument)
MDV37304Related to: Milestone north-east of Green Lane junction, Bovey Tracey (Monument)
MDV9120Related to: Moretonhampstead Branch Line Railway from Newton Abbot to Heathfield (Monument)
MDV124888Related to: Possible longhouse on Haytor Down (Building)
MDV8066Related to: Prehistoric Settlement north-east of Emsworthy Rocks (Monument)
MDV104961Related to: Quarries on south-east side of Yarner Wood, Bovey Tracey (Monument)
MDV8967Related to: RAILWAY in the Parish of Bovey Tracey (Monument)
MDV16732Related to: Rubble Heap Quarry part of Haytor Quarries, Ilsington (Monument)
MDV116612Related to: Settlement north of Haytor Vale, Ilsington (Monument)
MDV104026Related to: Spoil heap by tramway in Yarner Wood (Monument)
MDV63722Related to: Tin Streamwork north of Haytor Vale, Ilsington (Monument)
MDV116609Related to: Tin Streamworks on Haytor Down, Ilsington (Monument)
MDV104024Related to: Trackway in Yarner Wood to Mine (Monument)
MDV63726Related to: Trackway to south of the Haytor Granite Tramway, Ilsington (Monument)
MDV105231Related to: Ullacombe Quarry, Bovey Tracey (Monument)

Associated Finds: none recorded

Associated Events

  • EDV7021 - Haytor Down: Survey Report (Ref: A1/2/1999)
  • EDV6071 - East Devon Natural Nature Reserve and surrounds Archaeological Survey

Date Last Edited:Jan 29 2019 11:35AM