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HER Number:MDV80690
Name:Elliptical Enclosure, Winsham


Elliptical enclosure, Winsham. Visible on Ordnance Survey 1880s-90s First Edition 25 inch map.


Grid Reference:SS 504 388
Map Sheet:SS53NW
Admin AreaDevon
Civil ParishBraunton
DistrictNorth Devon
Ecclesiastical ParishBRAUNTON

Protected Status: none recorded

Other References/Statuses: none recorded

Monument Type(s) and Dates

  • SUB CIRCULAR ENCLOSURE (Medieval - 1066 AD to 1539 AD (Between))

Full description

Ordnance Survey, 1880-1899, First Edition Ordnance 25 inch map (Cartographic). SDV336179.

Elliptical enclosure visible.

Green, T., 2000, Early Enclosures in a Landscape of Dispersed Settlement: An Examination of Patterns Detected in the Field Boundaries of North Devon and West Somerset, 3, 32 (Post-Graduate Thesis). SDV347809.

A close examination of the Ordnance Survey First Edition 25 inch map and the 1840s tithe maps of part of the south-western region of England reveals, within the field-patterns, curving boundaries which appear to form enclosures. These 'curvilinear enclosures' become nuclei in the development of local field-patterns, hence they may be thought to pre-date that which surrounds them. Settlement closely associated with these enclosures may therefore also be suspected to have an early origin.

Elliptical examples are, however, a class apart. These are, with a single exception, large (80 acre plus) enclosures with their long sides more or less parallel, a rounded point at one end and the other end 'flattenend', so that, seen from above, they are roughly bullet shaped. Winsham is an excellent example, showing a compact strip-field system inside the enclosure, with an axial routeway, a suggestion of a funnel (to lead stock in?) at the 'flat' end and a hamlet of three farms. Map object based on this Source.

Ordnance Survey, 2011, MasterMap (Cartographic). SDV346129.

Elliptical enclosure visible. Map object based on this Source.

Sources / Further Reading

SDV336179Cartographic: Ordnance Survey. 1880-1899. First Edition Ordnance 25 inch map. First Edition Ordnance Survey 25 inch Map. Map (Digital).
SDV346129Cartographic: Ordnance Survey. 2011. MasterMap. Ordnance Survey. Map (Digital).
SDV347809Post-Graduate Thesis: Green, T.. 2000. Early Enclosures in a Landscape of Dispersed Settlement: An Examination of Patterns Detected in the Field Boundaries of North Devon and West Somerset. University of Exeter. A4 Stapled + Digital. 3, 32.

Associated Monuments: none recorded

Associated Finds: none recorded

Associated Events: none recorded

Date Last Edited:Aug 20 2013 4:27PM