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HER Number:MDV80827
Name:20 North Street, Ashburton


16th century house with shop, heightened and refronted in the late 19th century; rear wing added in the 20th century. Site of the Town Arms inn from the early 19th century until 1939.


Grid Reference:SX 755 699
Map Sheet:SX76NE
Admin AreaDartmoor National Park
Civil ParishAshburton
Ecclesiastical ParishASHBURTON

Protected Status

Other References/Statuses

  • Old Listed Building Ref (II): 376098

Monument Type(s) and Dates

  • HOUSE (Constructed, XV to XVI - 1500 AD to 1599 AD)
  • INN (XIX to World War II - 1823 AD to 1939 AD)
  • SHOP (Altered, XIX to Late 20th Century - 1900 AD to 1999 AD)

Full description

Ordnance Survey, 1880-1899, First Edition Ordnance 25 inch map (Cartographic). SDV336179.

Building shown on 19th century map with other buildings extending to the northern boundary of the plot.

Webb, P., 1995, The Pubs and Inns of Ashburton, 46 (Monograph). SDV347208.

The Town Arms, North Street.
Trade directories list details from 1823, throughout the 19th century. One of seven licensed houses within a 100 yard radius in 1911. Continued to trade until 1939 when it closed along with two others (Golden Fleece and the Globe. Its closure was a particular surprise to locals as it had special permission to use the town's crest. At one time it used to open early and the Owlacombe tinners used to drop in on their way to work to top up their flasks with cider.

Bray, L., 2010, 20 North Street, Ashburton: Results of an Archaeological Evaluation (Report - Evaluation). SDV348809.

The archaeological evaluation to the rear of 20 North Street in Ashburton involved the excavation of two test pits within the area of a proposed development. The earliest activity represented was two postholes and a probable pit. An abundane of slate fragments within the fill of the pit suggested roofing work on the site during the 18th century. The next activity involved levelling the area when a cobbled surface was laid which probably belonged to the structures shown on the 19th century Tithe Map. The cobbles were overlain by a mortar floor with a layer of rubble overlying it. The rubble layer contained modern building materials implying thet the stuctures had survived into the 20th century before being demolished. Following demolition the ground level was raised and the area used as a garden.

Ordnance Survey, 2011, MasterMap (Cartographic). SDV346129.

Building is depicted on the modern mapping.

English Heritage, 2011, National Heritage List for England (National Heritage List for England). SDV347072.

20 North Street, Ashburton. House with shop. 16th century, heightened and refronted late 19th century; rear wing added 20th century. Solid rendered front wall, probably of brick (wall top visible in roof space). Rear wall of stone rubble. Slated roof. Two rendered chimneys on rear wall. Front range two rooms wide on upper floor, each room with rear stack; possibly the surviving portion of a larger 16th century house. Rear wing to left; 20th century, possibly incorporating or replacing an earlier structure.
Two storeys, two windows wide. 20th century shop front. Plain sashes above. Interior: altered, although early fireplaces and other features are likely to be concealed under plaster. Roof has been heightened with kingpost-and-ridge trusses, but 4 early trusses remain underneath. To left, two trusses (probably 16th century) with cranked collars, morticed and tenoned to the principals; threaded purlins with pegs for common rafters, no ridge; no smoke blackening. To right two probably late 17th or early 18th century trusses: plainer, without collars (Listed 1992). Other details: LB UID: 376098.

Sources / Further Reading

SDV336179Cartographic: Ordnance Survey. 1880-1899. First Edition Ordnance 25 inch map. First Edition Ordnance Survey 25 inch Map. Map (Digital).
SDV346129Cartographic: Ordnance Survey. 2011. MasterMap. Ordnance Survey. Map (Digital). [Mapped feature: #107617 ]
SDV347072National Heritage List for England: English Heritage. 2011. National Heritage List for England. Website.
SDV347208Monograph: Webb, P.. 1995. The Pubs and Inns of Ashburton. The Pubs and Inns of Ashburton. Paperback Volume. 46.
SDV348809Report - Evaluation: Bray, L.. 2010. 20 North Street, Ashburton: Results of an Archaeological Evaluation. Southwest Archaeology Report. 100601. A4 Spiral Bound + Digital.

Associated Monuments

MDV23251Related to: 1 North Street, Ashburton (Building)
MDV23255Related to: 15 North Street, Ashburton (Building)
MDV29229Related to: 17 St Lawrence Lane, Ashburton (Building)
MDV23242Related to: 18 North Street, Ashburton (Building)
MDV7911Related to: 2 West Street (The former Rose and Crown Inn), Ashburton (Building)
MDV80828Related to: 22 North Street, Ashburton (Building)
MDV119843Related to: 7 North Street, Ashburton (Building)
MDV119845Related to: Chrispin's Arms, North Street (Building)
MDV119846Related to: Duke's Head, Bullring (Building)
MDV119847Related to: Engineers Arms, North Street (Building)
MDV132654Related to: Foales Lane, Ashburton (Monument)
MDV14333Related to: Site of 27 and 29 North Street, Ashburton (Building)
MDV119844Related to: The New Bottle, North Street (Building)

Associated Finds

  • FDV1957 - PIPE (SMOKING) (XVII to XVIII - 1700 AD to 1800 AD)
  • FDV1956 - POT (XVII to XIX - 1700 AD to 1900 AD)

Associated Events

  • EDV5729 - Evaluation to the Rear of 20 North Street, Ashburton (Ref: ANS10)

Date Last Edited:Apr 5 2022 12:40PM