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HER Number:MDV80885
Name:War Memorial at Rewe Cross

Summary

First World War memorial incorporating the socket stone of a medieval wayside cross.

Location

Grid Reference:SX 947 997
Map Sheet:SX99NW
Admin AreaDevon
Civil ParishRewe
DistrictEast Devon
Ecclesiastical ParishREWE

Protected Status

Other References/Statuses

  • Old Listed Building Ref (II): 88485

Monument Type(s) and Dates

  • WAR MEMORIAL (XV to XX - 1401 AD to 2000 AD (Between))

Full description

Salvatore, J. P., 1998, Rewe Cross (Un-published). SDV348346.

Site visit 12th January 1998. Medieval granite socket stone supporting a restored granite shaft of the 20th century, the whole set upon a prepared modern granite plinth carrying an inscription of post World War One and dedicated as a war memorial.


Walls, S., 2010, The Materiality of Remembrance: Twentieth Century War Memorials in Devon, REW01 (Post-Graduate Thesis). SDV355902.


Ordnance Survey, 2011, MasterMap (Cartographic). SDV346129.


English Heritage, 2011, National Heritage List for England (National Heritage List for England). SDV347072.

Cross base at junction of Green Lane and A396. 15th century with shaft and arms added as a First World War memorial. Stone, the base octagonal, four of the faces shouldered. Date listed 20th May 1985.


Brine, M. E., 2013, War Memorials, Photo (Website). SDV351333.


Imperial War Museum, 2014, War Memorials Archive, 25381 (Website). SDV356253.

Stone cross surmounting a shallow square stone plinth. The plinth bears these inscriptions on two sides:
THIS ANCIENT CROSS WAS RESTORED/ IN MEMORY OF THOSE WHO DIED/ FOR THEIR KING AND COUNTRY 1914-1919
THANKS BE TO GOD WHICH GIVETH US/ THE VICTORY THROUGH OUR LORD JESUS CHRIST
and names on the other two.


Historic England, 2017, Medieval Cross Base and War Memorial, Rewe (List of Blds of Arch or Historic Interest). SDV360105.

Rewe's medieval cross base, incorporated within Rewe and Netherexe War Memorial, is being considered for re-designation as part of Historic England's First World War Commemoration project. The medieval cross base was listed in 1985.
Rewe and Netherexe War Memorial incorporates the socketed single-stone base of a medieval wayside cross, thought to date to the C15, and which once stood on or near the present site of the memorial at Rewe crossroads.
By the production the 1890 OS map it would appear that the condition of the medieval cross was at best fragmentary, being marked thereon, in the same location, as 'Stone Cross (remains of)'. This is supported by an illustration published in 1893 (Chudleigh) which shows the medieval cross before its later restoration as a First World War memorial, comprising then of the socket stone, supporting the badly damaged stump of a cross shaft (shaft now lost), the latter being square at the base and chamfered above, which is similar to the existing memorial's shaft.
The aftermath of the First World War saw the biggest single wave of public commemoration ever with tens of thousands of memorials erected across England. This was the result of both the huge impact on communities of the loss of three quarters of a million British lives, and also the official policy of not repatriating the dead which meant that the memorials provided the main focus of the grief felt at this great loss. As such, the decision was taken to restore the medieval wayside cross as a war memorial and permanent testament to the sacrifice made by the 9 members of Rewe and Netherexe who lost their lives in the First World War. The restored cross, having cost £116, was unveiled in January 1921 by Viscount Hambleden, with local press at the time confirming 'the cross has an entirely new shaft and a new under-base, but the original [medieval] granite base is retained' (Exeter and Plymouth Gazette - Tuesday 25 January 1921, pp5).
Rewe and Netherexe War Memorial is located on a small triangular traffic island at Rewe crossroads, where Green Lane meets the A396, and incorporates the single-stone base of a medieval cross.
The memorial comprises an early-C20 granite cross inserted into the socketed base of a former medieval cross, which in turn stands on an early C20 two-stage granite plinth; the bottom step is octagonal in plan and the upper step, carrying the war memorial inscriptions, is square.
The medieval socketed stone is square at its base with corner shoulders, above which it is octagonal. The cross shaft rises from the medieval stone to the cross head, being rectangular at its base with pointed stops, above which the angles are chamfered. The cross shaft is slightly tapered and the cross arms are chamfered and slightly splayed. The top arm of the cross is longer than its side arms.
The memorial inscriptions read:
Front south-east face: THIS ANCIENT CROSS WAS RESTORED/ IN MEMORY OF THOSE
WHO DIED/ FOR THEIR KING AND COUNTRY 1914-1919
Face two: REWE/ (NAMES)
Face three: NETHEREXE/ (NAMES)
Face four: THANKS BE TO GOD WHICH GIVETH US/ THE VICTORY THROUGH OUR
LORD JESUS CHRIST.


Historic England, 2017, Medieval cross base and War Memorial, Rewe (Correspondence). SDV360180.

The cross base, which was first listed in 1985, is being considered for re-designation as part of Historic England's First World War Commemoration Project. After examining all the available records and other relevant information and having carefully considered the architectural and historic interest of this case, the criteria for listing are fulfilled. The List entry for the medieval cross base at the junction of Green Lane and the A396 is recommended for amendment to specifically include the attached war memorial within the listing. The List entry name will also be amended to further clarify the extent of listing.


Historic England, 2017, National Heritage List for England, 1305695 (National Heritage List for England). SDV359963.

Medieval Cross Base and War Memorial, Rewe.
Summary of Building
First World War memorial erected circa 1920, incorporating a medieval cross base. .
Reasons for Designation
Rewe and Netherexe War Memorial, incorporating a medieval cross base, which stands at the junction of Green Lane with the A396, Rewe, is listed at Grade II for the following principal reasons: * Historic interest: as an eloquent witness to the tragic impact of world events on this local community, and the sacrifice it has made in the First World War, incorporating the socketed base of a medieval cross which once stood nearby; * Architectural interest: as an accomplished and well-realised stone war memorial, in the manner of a medieval wayside cross, based on and incorporating medieval material found locally, and sensitively adapted for its inclusion in a First World War memorial..
History
Rewe and Netherexe War Memorial incorporates the socketed single-stone base of a medieval wayside cross, thought to date to the C15, which once stood on or near the present site of the memorial at Rewe crossroads.
By the production of the 1889/90 and 1889/1912 OS maps it would appear that the condition of the medieval cross was at best fragmentary, being marked thereon, in the same location, as 'Stone Cross (remains of)'. This is supported by an illustration published in 1893 (Chudleigh) which shows the medieval cross before its later restoration as a First World War memorial, comprising then of the socket stone, supporting the badly damaged stump of a cross shaft (shaft now lost), the latter being square at the base and chamfered above, which is similar to the existing memorial's shaft. The 1951 OS map shows a cross in this location and the memorial is clearly shown on an aerial photograph, dated 1947.
The aftermath of the First World War saw the biggest single wave of public commemoration ever with tens of thousands of memorials erected across England. This was the result of both the huge impact on communities of the loss of three quarters of a million British lives, and also the official policy of not repatriating the dead which meant that the memorials provided the main focus of the grief felt at this great loss. As such, the decision was taken to restore the medieval wayside cross as a war memorial and permanent testament to the sacrifice made by the nine members of Rewe and Netherexe who lost their lives in the First World War.
The restored cross, having cost £116, was unveiled in January 1921 by Viscount Hambleden, with local press at the time confirming 'the cross has an entirely new shaft and a new under-base, but the original [medieval] granite base is retained' (Exeter and Plymouth Gazette - Tuesday 25 January 1921, pp5). .
Details
SUMMARY: First World War Memorial, unveiled 1921, incorporating a shouldered medieval cross base thought to date to the C15.
MATERIALS: smooth-dressed granite.
DESCRIPTION: Rewe and Netherexe War Memorial stands on a small triangular traffic island surrounded by a timber post and linked chain boundary at Rewe crossroads, where Green Lane meets the A396, and incorporates the single-stone base of a medieval cross.
The memorial comprises an early C20 granite cross inserted into the socketed base of a former medieval cross, which in turn stands on an early C20 two-stage granite plinth; the bottom step is octagonal in plan and the upper step, carrying the war memorial inscriptions, is square.
The medieval socketed stone is square at its base with corner shoulders, above which it is octagonal. The cross shaft rises from the medieval stone to the cross head, being rectangular at its base with pointed stops, above which the angles are chamfered. The cross shaft is slightly tapered and the cross arms are chamfered and slightly splayed. The top arm of the cross is longer than its side arms.
The memorial inscriptions are located on the upper step of the plinth and read (front) THIS ANCIENT CROSS WAS RESTORED IN MEMORY OF / THOSE WHO DIED FOR THEIR KING AND COUNTRY 1914-1919.// (to the right) NETHEREXE/ (NAMES). // (back) THANKS BE TO GOD WHICH GIVETH US THE VICTORY / THROUGH OUR LORD JESUS CHRIST. // (to the left) REWE/ (NAMES).
Date first listed: 20th May 1985. Date of most recent amendment: 27th April 2017.

Sources / Further Reading

SDV346129Cartographic: Ordnance Survey. 2011. MasterMap. Ordnance Survey. Map (Digital). [Mapped feature: #107675 ]
SDV347072National Heritage List for England: English Heritage. 2011. National Heritage List for England. Website.
SDV348346Un-published: Salvatore, J. P.. 1998. Rewe Cross. Monuments Protection Programme. Report on Site for which Scheduling is Not . A4 Single Sheet.
SDV351333Website: Brine, M. E.. 2013. War Memorials. http://www.devonheritage.org/WarMemorials.htm. Website. Photo.
SDV355902Post-Graduate Thesis: Walls, S.. 2010. The Materiality of Remembrance: Twentieth Century War Memorials in Devon. University of Exeter. Digital. REW01.
SDV356253Website: Imperial War Museum. 2014. War Memorials Archive. www.ukniwm.org.uk. Website. 25381.
SDV359963National Heritage List for England: Historic England. 2017. National Heritage List for England. Historic Houses Register. Digital. 1305695.
SDV360105List of Blds of Arch or Historic Interest: Historic England. 2017. Medieval Cross Base and War Memorial, Rewe. Additions and Amendments to Checklist. Digital.
SDV360180Correspondence: Historic England. 2017. Medieval cross base and War Memorial, Rewe. Notification of Amendment to Entry. Digital.

Associated Monuments

MDV10286Parent of: Rewe Cross (Monument)

Associated Finds: none recorded

Associated Events: none recorded


Date Last Edited:May 10 2017 2:31PM