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HER Number:MDV8105
Name:Enclosure 910 metres west of Yarner Farm, Ilsington

Summary

Possible enclosure east of Smallacombe Rocks, near to a cairn and other features. This feature may be Medieval or later in date. Feature comprises a circular ditch with a level interior and slight external bank. The well-defined ditch has a V profile and a diameter of 24m. It is 1.9m wide and survives to a depth of 0.6m. The external bank, where visible is approximately 1.5m wide. The southern quadrant has been overlain by a modern footpath. The unsilted appearance of the ditch suggests this is not a prehistoric feature.

Location

Grid Reference:SX 765 781
Map Sheet:SX77NE
Admin AreaDartmoor National Park
Civil ParishIlsington
DistrictTeignbridge
Ecclesiastical ParishILSINGTON

Protected Status

  • SHINE: Earthworks of a Bronze Age parallel reave system with three main east-west boundary works, an enclosure hut circles and cairns, a medieval enclosure, a pillow mound, an area of post-medieval tin pits and a post-medieval field system on Haytor Down

Other References/Statuses

  • Dartmoor Non-designated Heritage Asset (Historical): NI Site
  • National Monuments Record: SX 77 NE 6
  • Old DCC SMR Ref: SX77NE/55
  • Pastscape: 444993

Monument Type(s) and Dates

  • ENCLOSURE (Constructed, Early Medieval to XIX - 1066 AD? to 1900 AD? (Between))

Full description

Cambridge University Collection, CUC/RC8-X, 65-6 (Aerial Photograph). SDV314869.

Other details: Location: NCC Taunton?.

Ordnance Survey Archaeology Division, 1960, SX77NE6 (Ordnance Survey Archaeology Division Card). SDV314868.

Ditched enclosure. At SX76597814, on the summit of a spur with a wide view of surrounding country is a shallow ring ditch. It is best preserved in the north and west quadrants. In south and east it is traceable but not possible to survey. Its origin and purpose are obscure.

National Monuments Record, 1977, NMR SX7677, 2 (Aerial Photograph). SDV314870.

Royal Commission on the Historical Monuments of England, 1985, Aerial Photograph Project (Dartmoor) - Dartmoor Pre-NMP (Cartographic). SDV319854.

Small ovoid enclosure visible.

Everett, C., 1988, Haytor Down - Summary of Archaeological Features, HD87, Map 6 (Report - Survey). SDV359684.

Butler, J., 1991, Dartmoor Atlas of Antiquities: Volume One - The East, 28-9, Map 2, 6 (Monograph). SDV299725.

A curious structure; a ditch (2.5m wide) with traces of a low bank on the outside up to 0.2m high. The interior is level with the ground surface outside and the feature is not quite circular, measuring a maximum 21.0m in diameter inside the ditch. A nearby track appears to have destroyed the southern edge of the feature, where Butler supposes there may originally have been an entrance.

Newman, P., 1999, 2002, Haytor Down, Ilsington, Devon (Revised), 6, Figure 2 (Report - Survey). SDV346395.

(30/01/1999) Sited at SX76597814 on a gently sloping northern summit of the Haytor Down spur, is a circular ditch with a level interior and slight external bank. The well-defined ditch has a V profile and a diameter of 24m. It is 1.9m wide and survives to a depth of 0.6m. The external bank, where visible is approximately 1.5m wide. The southern quadrant has been overlain by a modern footpath. The unsilted appearance of the ditch suggests this is not a prehistoric feature.

Royal Commission for the Historical Monuments of England, 2002, Haytor Down: The Archaeology (Plan - measured). SDV359685.

Circular feature shown on survey with an opening to the south and a small circle outside the north-east side.

English Heritage, 2005-2008, Prehistoric Survey Information (Cartographic). SDV345521.

Depicted on this shapefile layer, although is suspected of being more modern.

Sources / Further Reading

SDV299725Monograph: Butler, J.. 1991. Dartmoor Atlas of Antiquities: Volume One - The East. Dartmoor Atlas of Antiquities: Volume One - The East. One. Paperback Volume. 28-9, Map 2, 6.
SDV314868Ordnance Survey Archaeology Division Card: Ordnance Survey Archaeology Division. 1960. SX77NE6. Ordnance Survey Archaeology Division Card. Card Index.
SDV314869Aerial Photograph: Cambridge University Collection. CUC/RC8-X. Cambridge University Collection of Aerial Photographs. Photograph (Paper). 65-6.
SDV314870Aerial Photograph: National Monuments Record. 1977. NMR SX7677. National Monuments Record Aerial Photograph. Photograph (Paper). 2.
SDV319854Cartographic: Royal Commission on the Historical Monuments of England. 1985. Aerial Photograph Project (Dartmoor) - Dartmoor Pre-NMP. Royal Commission on the Historical Monuments of England Aerial Photograph P. Cartographic.
SDV345521Cartographic: English Heritage. 2005-2008. Prehistoric Survey Information. English Heritage. Digital. [Mapped feature: #107837 ]
SDV346395Report - Survey: Newman, P.. 1999, 2002. Haytor Down, Ilsington, Devon (Revised). Royal Commission on the Historical Monuments of England Report. A1/2/1999. A4 Spiral Bound. 6, Figure 2.
SDV359684Report - Survey: Everett, C.. 1988. Haytor Down - Summary of Archaeological Features. HD87, Map 6.
SDV359685Plan - measured: Royal Commission for the Historical Monuments of England. 2002. Haytor Down: The Archaeology. A1 Folded.

Associated Monuments

MDV8106Related to: Cairn 884 metres west of Yarner Farm, Ilsington (Monument)
MDV8104Related to: Cairn on Haytor Down, Ilsington (Monument)
MDV79704Related to: Possible ring cairn 970 metres west of Yarner Farm, Ilsington (Monument)
MDV48849Related to: Ring cairn 800 metres west of Yarner Farm (Monument)
MDV127211Related to: Small pool on Haytor Down (Monument)

Associated Finds: none recorded

Associated Events

  • EDV7021 - Haytor Down: Survey Report (Ref: A1/2/1999)

Date Last Edited:Aug 4 2020 11:20AM