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HER Number:MDV8110
Name:Medieval enclosure south-east of Holwell Tor, Ilsington


The southern of three buildings within a Medieval settlement south-east of Holwell Tor


Grid Reference:SX 753 775
Map Sheet:SX77NE
Admin AreaDartmoor National Park
Civil ParishIlsington
Ecclesiastical ParishILSINGTON

Protected Status

  • SHINE: Earthworks and surviving stone walls of a prehistoric settlement on Haytor Down including a hut circle and field boundaries with a Medieval settlement

Other References/Statuses

  • Old DCC SMR Ref: SX77NE/57/3
  • SHINE Candidate (Yes)

Monument Type(s) and Dates

  • ENCLOSURE (Medieval - 1066 AD to 1539 AD (Between))

Full description

Everett, C., 1988, Haytor Down - Summary of Archaeological Features, HD61-62, Map 5 (Report - Survey). SDV359684.

Enclosure south-east of Holwell Quarry. Built on a fairly level area of the north-east facing slope. There is an entrance on the north-west side. The corners are rounded. The walls stand to a maximum height of 0.7 metres and are a maximum of 1.1 metre thick. Overall dimensions 14 metres by 9 metres. Probably a stock pen.

Butler, J., 1991, Dartmoor Atlas of Antiquities: Volume One - The East, 20, Figure 1.4, Map 1 (Monograph). SDV299725.

Southern enclosure (4) of three Medieval buildings to the south-east of Holwell Tor. This rectangular enclosure was too large to have been roofed at 11.5 metres by 7 metres and was probably an animal pen. One of the gaps in its wall being presumably an entrance.

Newman, P., 2002, Haytor Down, Ilsington, Devon, 14, Figure 7 (Report - Survey). SDV346395.

Southern of three ruined Medieval buildings to the south-east of Holwell Tor. The turf covered ruins are very clear and well defined and show little sign of collapse. This largest structure is 12.5 metres by 6.3 metres which is wider than most Dartmoor buildings of the Medieval period.

GeoInformation Group Ltd, 2010, 1:625 2010 Colour (12.5cm resolution) (Aerial Photograph). SDV346026.

Buuilding visible on aerial photograph.

Ordnance Survey, 2013, MasterMap (Cartographic). SDV350786.

Feature shown on modern mapping.

National Monument Record, 2016, Pastscape, 445008, SX77NE11 (Website). SDV359354.

A possible Medieval settlement comprising 3 rectangular, turf-covered stone foundations at least two of which are likely to be buildings. They are sited on the moderately sloping, north-facing coombe, created by the saddle of Holwell Tor and Haytor Rocks. The southern structure is 12.5 metres by 6.3 metres and could be an enclosure rather than a building. The walls of all three structures are constructed from stone, now turf-covered but with neat edges exposed in places. The date is uncertain. The structures appear Medieval, though they could possibly relate to the early 19th century stone industry in this area, probable dwellings. They are unlikely to be associated with the nearby field system which is more likely to be Prehistoric.

Sources / Further Reading

SDV299725Monograph: Butler, J.. 1991. Dartmoor Atlas of Antiquities: Volume One - The East. Dartmoor Atlas of Antiquities: Volume One - The East. One. Paperback Volume. 20, Figure 1.4, Map 1.
SDV346026Aerial Photograph: GeoInformation Group Ltd. 2010. 1:625 2010 Colour (12.5cm resolution). 2010 Aerial Photographs. Digital. [Mapped feature: #107872 ]
SDV346395Report - Survey: Newman, P.. 2002. Haytor Down, Ilsington, Devon. Royal Commission on the Historical Monuments of England Report. A1/2/1999. A4 Spiral Bound. 14, Figure 7.
SDV350786Cartographic: Ordnance Survey. 2013. MasterMap. Ordnance Survey Digital Mapping. Digital.
SDV359354Website: National Monument Record. 2016. Pastscape. http://www.pastscape.org.uk. Website. 445008, SX77NE11.
SDV359684Report - Survey: Everett, C.. 1988. Haytor Down - Summary of Archaeological Features. HD61-62, Map 5.

Associated Monuments

MDV8107Part of: Settlement south-east of Holwell Tor, Ilsington (Monument)
MDV8108Related to: Medieval building south-east of Holwell Tor, Ilsington (Building)
MDV8109Related to: Medieval building south-east of Holwell Tor, Ilsington (Building)
MDV116378Related to: Medieval Ridge and Furrow south of Prehistoric Settlement south-east of Holwell Tor, Ilsington (Monument)

Associated Finds: none recorded

Associated Events

  • EDV7021 - Haytor Down: Survey Report (Ref: A1/2/1999)

Date Last Edited:Sep 2 2016 1:32PM