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HER Number:MDV8178
Name:Scattered group of huts east of Horridge Common

Summary

Group of at least 12 hut circles scattered throughout the reave system east of Mountsland Common. Also, a European palstave was found on Horridge Common in this area in the 1960s.

Location

Grid Reference:SX 757 744
Map Sheet:SX77SE
Admin AreaDartmoor National Park
Civil ParishIlsington
DistrictTeignbridge
Ecclesiastical ParishILSINGTON

Protected Status

Other References/Statuses

  • Old DCC SMR Ref: SX77SE/5
  • Old SAM County Ref: 346
  • Old SAM Ref: 28774
  • SHINE Candidate (Yes)

Monument Type(s) and Dates

  • UNENCLOSED HUT CIRCLE SETTLEMENT (Iron Age - 700 BC to 42 AD (Between))

Full description

Royal Air Force, 1946, RAF/CPE/UK/1890, 1320 (Aerial Photograph). SDV169268.


Fox, A., 1954, Celtic Fields and Farms on Dartmoor in Light of Recent Excavations at Kestor (Article in Serial). SDV231175.


Ordnance Survey Archaeology Division, 1960-1966, SX77SE1 (Ordnance Survey Archaeology Division Card). SDV315180.

17/5/1960 There is a group of five hut circles centred at SX7569 7456 and a group of four centred at SX7570 7433. All are in fairly good condition and in several the entrances are clearly defined.
Hut circles and field systems. Double walled hut circles; orthostatic, and of early Iron Age type. Fields divided by orthostatic walls overlaid by ?Medieval cultivation lynchets. There is a droveway at SX75637449 from one hut to a spring. Deep in bracken. Lynchetted fields also near Bagtor. Part of large complex system, all scheduled (Citing Fox, 1954).


Barber, J., 1967, Twenty Ninth Report on Archaeology and Early History, 317-8, plate 1 (Article in Serial). SDV280587.


Fox, A. + Britton, D., 1969, A Continental Palstave from the Ancient Field System on Horridge Common, 220 (Article in Serial). SDV315181.

Part of an extensive track of cultivation of south facing slopes of moor. Bronze Age system enlarged by Medieval strip fields and later enclosures with drystone walling. Three large huts 8 metres in diameter and one smaller (6 metres in diameter). The huts stand in small irregular enclosures with entrances between them. Fields enclosed by lines of upright granite slabs. Fifteen surviving fields with a total of 7.6 acres.
Palstave found on Horridge Common near the hut circles and extensive field system. The palstave is heavily worn and damaged by corrosion. There is a marked constriction at the base of the blade, which then expands into a broad flanged haft with a V-shaped notch. Does not belong to the British series of Middle Bronze Age palstaves; therefore must be an import from the Continent. Its nearest analogies are in the central European series, of Bohemian palstaves which were in use in the south-west of Germany, Czechoslovakia and Hungary in the 15th century BC.


Fox, A., 1973, South West England 3,500BC - AD600 (Revised Edition), 114, figure 336 (Monograph). SDV16216.


Pearce, S. M., 1976, The Middle and Late Bronze Age Metalwork of the South-West and its Relationship to Settlement, 26 (Article in Serial). SDV338753.

Palstave, square butt, very low flanges, V-shaped stop ridge. Length 130 millimetre, blade width 28 millimetres, butt width 22 millimetres.


Pearce, S. M., 1979, The Distribution and Production of Bronze Age Metalwork, 142 (Article in Serial). SDV322230.


Pearce, S. M., 1983, The Bronze Age Metalwork of South Western Britain, 445 (Monograph). SDV341822.


Royal Commission on the Historical Monuments of England, 1985, Aerial Photograph Project (Interpretation). SDV319854.

Nine hut circles visible on the aerial photographs between SX75707460 and SX75677445.


Devon County Council, 1990, DAP/QD, 4-5 (Aerial Photograph). SDV297846.


Gerrard, S., 1990-2002, Monument Protection Programme. Archaeological Item Dataset., MPP 152309-22, est. 2000 (Report - Survey). SDV277946.


GeoInformation Group Ltd, 2010, 1:625 2010 Colour (12.5cm resolution) (Aerial Photograph). SDV346026.

Huts visible on the aerial photography. Map object based on this source.


Newman , P., 2015, Rippon Tor Premier Archaeological Landscape, Dartmoor National Park, Devon, figure 21 (Report - Survey). SDV359145.

Depicted on maps and described individually.


Ordnance Survey, 2016, MasterMap (Cartographic). SDV359352.

A number of the huts are depicted on the modern mapping. Map object based on this source.

Sources / Further Reading

SDV16216Monograph: Fox, A.. 1973. South West England 3,500BC - AD600 (Revised Edition). South West England. Hardback Volume. 114, figure 336.
SDV169268Aerial Photograph: Royal Air Force. 1946. RAF/CPE/UK/1890. Royal Air Force Aerial Photograph. Photograph (Paper). 1320.
SDV231175Article in Serial: Fox, A.. 1954. Celtic Fields and Farms on Dartmoor in Light of Recent Excavations at Kestor. Proceedings of the Prehistoric Society. 20. Unknown.
SDV277946Report - Survey: Gerrard, S.. 1990-2002. Monument Protection Programme. Archaeological Item Dataset.. Monument Protection Programme. Archaeological Item Dataset.. Mixed Archive Material + Digital. MPP 152309-22, est. 2000.
SDV280587Article in Serial: Barber, J.. 1967. Twenty Ninth Report on Archaeology and Early History. Transactions of the Devonshire Association. 99. Unknown. 317-8, plate 1.
SDV297846Aerial Photograph: Devon County Council. 1990. DAP/QD. Devon Aerial Photograph. Photograph (Paper). 4-5.
SDV315180Ordnance Survey Archaeology Division Card: Ordnance Survey Archaeology Division. 1960-1966. SX77SE1. Ordnance Survey Archaeology Division Card. Card Index.
SDV315181Article in Serial: Fox, A. + Britton, D.. 1969. A Continental Palstave from the Ancient Field System on Horridge Common. Proceedings of the Prehistoric Society. 35. Unknown. 220.
SDV319854Interpretation: Royal Commission on the Historical Monuments of England. 1985. Aerial Photograph Project. Royal Commission on the Historical Monuments of England Aerial Photograph P. Cartographic.
SDV322230Article in Serial: Pearce, S. M.. 1979. The Distribution and Production of Bronze Age Metalwork. Proceedings of the Devon Archaeological Society. 37. 142.
SDV338753Article in Serial: Pearce, S. M.. 1976. The Middle and Late Bronze Age Metalwork of the South-West and its Relationship to Settlement. Proceedings of the Devon Archaeological Society. 34. Paperback Volume. 26.
SDV341822Monograph: Pearce, S. M.. 1983. The Bronze Age Metalwork of South Western Britain. British Archaeological Reports. 120. Photocopy. 445.
SDV346026Aerial Photograph: GeoInformation Group Ltd. 2010. 1:625 2010 Colour (12.5cm resolution). 2010 Aerial Photographs. Digital.
SDV359145Report - Survey: Newman , P.. 2015. Rippon Tor Premier Archaeological Landscape, Dartmoor National Park, Devon. South-West Landscape Investigations. A4 Bound + Digital. figure 21.
SDV359352Cartographic: Ordnance Survey. 2016. MasterMap. Ordnance Survey Digital Mapping. Digital.

Associated Monuments

MDV113187Related to: Tin prospecting pits at Horridge Common (Monument)

Associated Finds

  • FDV2669 - PALSTAVE (Middle Bronze Age - 1500 BC to 1001 BC)

Associated Events

  • EDV6836 - Rippon Tor Premier Archaeological Landscape survey

Date Last Edited:Mar 8 2016 1:23PM