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HER Number:MDV8199
Name:Devon and Cornwall Umber Works

Summary

Umber, used in paint-making, was worked from the 1870s and after the turn of the century at the east end of the town. A succession of pits were sunk, being refilled in turn after extraction, on a site at the rear of the hospital. The umber was treated in a long shed in ballard lane from which the loaded carts trundled down to the station yard where there was a stamping machine. The high brick works chimney may still be seen (harris). Several earthwork pits are visible on aerial photographs taken from 1946 onwards and on images derived from lidar data captured between 1998 and 2017.

Location

Grid Reference:SX 761 703
Map Sheet:SX77SE
Admin AreaDartmoor National Park
Civil ParishAshburton
DistrictTeignbridge
Ecclesiastical ParishASHBURTON

Protected Status: none recorded

Other References/Statuses

  • Old DCC SMR Ref: SX77SE/19

Monument Type(s) and Dates

  • UMBER WORKINGS (XIX to XX - 1870 AD to 1930 AD (Between))

Full description

SATTERLY, Untitled Source (Migrated Record). SDV315270.

There were umber quarries at the east end and the west end of ashburton in full production in the late 19th century. Some of the umber was used by the truro paintmaking company at the west end of town (satterly).


RCHM APP 1985, Untitled Source (Migrated Record). SDV315271.

Not visible on raf photos (rchm app 1985).


Untitled Source (Migrated Record). SDV315272.

Harris, h. /industrial archaeology of dartmoor/(1968)185.


Untitled Source (Migrated Record). SDV315273.

Worth, r. N. /tda/8(1876)319/the ancient stannary of ashburton.


Untitled Source (Migrated Record). SDV315274.

Satterly, j. /tda/84(1952)34/ashburton in late victorian days.


Untitled Source (Migrated Record). SDV315275.

Des=os 6" (1904/1938)108se.


HARRIS, Untitled Source (Migrated Record). SDV22166.

Devon and cornwall umber works; umber, used in paint-making, was worked from the 1870s and after the turn of the century at the east end of the town. A succession of pits were sunk, being refilled in turn after extraction, on a site at the rear of the hospital. The umber was treated in a long shed in ballard lane from which the loaded carts trundled down to the station yard where there was a stamping machine. The high brick works chimney may still be seen (harris).


WORTH, Untitled Source (Migrated Record). SDV6808.

This mine being worked for umber in 1875 (worth).


Ordnance Survey, 1880-1899, First Edition Ordnance 25 inch map (Cartographic). SDV336179.

Several pits are depicted to the west of Devon and Cornwall Umber Works.


Royal Air Force, 1946, RAF/CPE/UK/1890, RAF/CPE/UK/1890 FS 2386-2387 10-DEC-1946 (Aerial Photograph). SDV351061.

Several pits are visible.


Environment Agency, 1998-2017, LiDAR DTM data (1m resolution) EA: South Devon Coast to Dartmoor, LIDAR SX7670 Environment Agency DTM 01-JAN-1998 to 31-MAY-2017 (Cartographic). SDV361470.

Several pits are visible.


Hamilton Jenkin, Dr. A. K., 2005, Mines of Devon, 119 (Monograph). SDV282410.

Hamilton Jenkin mentions umber works in the form of rectangular pits north-east of town ‘each one being infilled before starting another close alongside’


Hegarty, C., Knight, S. and Sims, R., 2018-2019, The South Devon Coast to Dartmoor Aerial Investigation and Mapping Survey. Area 1, Haldon Ridge to Dart Valley (Interpretation). SDV361305.

Three earthwork pits are visible on aerial photographs taken from 1951 onwards and on images derived from lidar data captured between 1998 and 2017. They are depicted, with slightly different extents, on the late-19th century maps, within three adjacent plots. The northernmost appears to have an extension or previous phase on its northern side. They are interpreted as 19th century extractive pits for Devon and Cornwall Umber Works.

Sources / Further Reading

SDV22166Migrated Record: HARRIS.
SDV282410Monograph: Hamilton Jenkin, Dr. A. K.. 2005. Mines of Devon. Mines of Devon. Paperback Volume. 119.
SDV315270Migrated Record: SATTERLY.
SDV315271Migrated Record: RCHM APP 1985.
SDV315272Migrated Record:
SDV315273Migrated Record:
SDV315274Migrated Record:
SDV315275Migrated Record:
SDV336179Cartographic: Ordnance Survey. 1880-1899. First Edition Ordnance 25 inch map. First Edition Ordnance Survey 25 inch Map. Map (Digital). [Mapped feature: #108187 ]
SDV351061Aerial Photograph: Royal Air Force. 1946. RAF/CPE/UK/1890. Royal Air Force Aerial Photograph. Photograph (Paper). RAF/CPE/UK/1890 FS 2386-2387 10-DEC-1946.
SDV361305Interpretation: Hegarty, C., Knight, S. and Sims, R.. 2018-2019. The South Devon Coast to Dartmoor Aerial Investigation and Mapping Survey. Area 1, Haldon Ridge to Dart Valley. Historic England Research Report. Digital.
Linked documents:1
SDV361470Cartographic: Environment Agency. 1998-2017. LiDAR DTM data (1m resolution) EA: South Devon Coast to Dartmoor. Environment Agency LiDAR data. Digital. LIDAR SX7670 Environment Agency DTM 01-JAN-1998 to 31-MAY-2017.
SDV6808Migrated Record: WORTH.

Associated Monuments

MDV25817Related to: Extraction pits, possibly for umber works, north-west of Ashburton and Buckfastleigh Hospital (Monument)
MDV58694Related to: Umber pit north of West Street, Ashburton (Monument)

Associated Finds: none recorded

Associated Events

  • EDV7515 - The South Devon Coast to Dartmoor Aerial Investigation and Mapping (formerly NMP) Survey (Ref: ACD1748)

Date Last Edited:Dec 18 2018 5:41PM