HeritageGateway - Home

Login  |  Register
Site Map
Text size: A A A
You are here: Home > > > > Devon & Dartmoor HER Result
Devon & Dartmoor HERPrintable version | About Devon & Dartmoor HER | Visit Devon & Dartmoor HER online...

See important guidance on the use of this record.

If you have any comments or new information about this record, please email us.


HER Number:MDV82079
Name:Yard Farmhouse, Yard Farm

Summary

An early 16th century farmhouse with major later 16th century and 17th century improvements, one of them dated 1624, and refurbished in the early 19th century.

Location

Grid Reference:ST 193 044
Map Sheet:ST10SE
Admin AreaDevon
Civil ParishUpottery
DistrictEast Devon
Ecclesiastical ParishUPOTTERY

Protected Status

Other References/Statuses: none recorded

Monument Type(s) and Dates

  • FARMHOUSE (XVI to XIX - 1501 AD to 1850 AD (Between))

Full description

Unattributed, Yard Farm, BH281005 (Ground Photograph). SDV355026.


Unattributed, Yard Farm, BH281007, BH281021-BH281022 (Un-published). SDV355028.


Foster, K. + Skinner, R., 01/2016, A30 to A303 Honiton to Devonshire Inn Improvement Scheme, Honiton, Devon (Report - Assessment). SDV359378.

DBA undertaken along a corridor associated with the A30/A303 between Honiton and Devonshire Inn. This study is intended to inform the development of options for improvements to the A30/A303 between Honiton and Devonshire Inn.

During the medieval period the principal settlement would have been at Rawridge which as previously noted dates from the Anglo-Saxon period. Dispersed farms would have existed amongst the fields, some of which are still the sites of farmsteads. An example history of settlement dating back to the medieval period include Yard Farm which is mentioned in a document of 1332 as ‘Lower Yard’.


Devon County Council, 1838-1848, Tithe Mosaic, approximately 1838-1848 (Cartographic). SDV349431.

The farmhouse is shown.


Ordnance Survey, 1880-1899, First Edition Ordnance 25 inch map (Cartographic). SDV336179.

The farmhouse is shown on the Ordnance Survey 25 inch map of the 1880s-1890s.


Devon and Somerset County Councils, 2000-2002, Historic Farmsteads Database, BH281H (Machine readable data file). SDV349681.

No information supplied.


Ordnance Survey, 2013, MasterMap (Cartographic). SDV350786.


English Heritage, 2013, National Heritage List for England (National Heritage List for England). SDV350785.

Farmhouse. Early 16th century with major later 16th century and 17th century improvements, one of them dated 1624, refurbished in the early 19th century. Local stone and flint rubble, plastered on the front; stone rubble stacks topped with 19th century brick; slate roof, formerly thatch.

Plan and development: 3-room plan farmhouse facing north-east. At the left (south- east) end is an inner room parlour with a gable-end stack. Next to it is the hall with an axial stack backing onto an unheated room (now used as a kitchen) at the right end. The stair rises from the hall along the front of the parlour. A dairy block projects to rear of the kitchen. Originally this house had a 3-room-and- through-passage plan but in the 20th century most of the service end was demolished, the passage rear doorway was blocked and the passage enlarged to make the present kitchen. The original early 16th century house was open to the roof from end to end, divided by low partitions and heated by an open hearth fire. The inner room was then smaller than it is now. In the mid-16th century the inner room was floored over whilst the hall was still heated by an open hearth fire. The hall stack was inserted in the mid - late 16th century, probably at the same time as the passage and service end was floored over. The hall was floored over in the early 17th century. The inner room was enlarged in the early 19th century when it was converted to a parlour, the end stack was built and the staircase built. There is a plaque on the hall stack containing the date 1624. The stack could have been inserted then but it is thought to be too late for that. It is more likely to date the flooring of the hall. The house is 2 storeys with a 20th century garage in front of the parlour and hall.

Exterior: there are only 2 first floor front windows and one ground floor window. All are 20th century casements and the latest have no glazing bars. There are similar windows to rear. The former passage front doorway is right of centre and it contains a plank door behind a 20th century gabled porch. The roof is gable-ended to left and hipped to right.

Interior: there is no old carpentry showing in the present kitchen since this end has been rebuilt. In the hall the fireplace is blocked although its large size is evident. The crossbeam has deep chamfers with step stops. At the upper (parlour) end there is an oak plank-and-muntin screen; the muntins are chamfered with straight cut stops high enough to accommodate a bench below. The parlour has no exposed carpentry and all the joinery here, including the stairs, is early 19th century. The centre part of the roof (over the hall and adjoining part over the parlour) is carried on 2 jointed crucks (papered over below the ceiling) which are smoke-blackened from the open hearth fire. The oak-framed crosswall over the hall/parlour screen is sooted on the hall side only. The doorway between the hall and passage chambers is 2-panel and dates from circa 1700.

Sources / Further Reading

SDV336179Cartographic: Ordnance Survey. 1880-1899. First Edition Ordnance 25 inch map. First Edition Ordnance Survey 25 inch Map. Map (Digital).
SDV349431Cartographic: Devon County Council. 1838-1848. Tithe Mosaic, approximately 1838-1848. Digitised Tithe Map. Digital.
SDV349681Machine readable data file: Devon and Somerset County Councils. 2000-2002. Historic Farmsteads Database. BH281H.
SDV350785National Heritage List for England: English Heritage. 2013. National Heritage List for England. Historic Houses Register. Digital.
SDV350786Cartographic: Ordnance Survey. 2013. MasterMap. Ordnance Survey Digital Mapping. Digital. [Mapped feature: #108204 ]
SDV355026Ground Photograph: Unattributed. Yard Farm. Blackdown Hills Historic Farmstead Survey. Digital. BH281005.
SDV355028Un-published: Unattributed. Yard Farm. Blackdown Hills Historic Farmstead Survey. Digital. BH281007, BH281021-BH281022.
SDV359378Report - Assessment: Foster, K. + Skinner, R.. 01/2016. A30 to A303 Honiton to Devonshire Inn Improvement Scheme, Honiton, Devon. Wessex Archaeology. 111160.01. Digital.

Associated Monuments

MDV45107Part of: Yard Farm (Monument)

Associated Finds: none recorded

Associated Events

  • EDV6910 - Desk Based Assessment, A30/A303 Honiton to Devonshire Inn Improvement Scheme, Honiton, Devon (Ref: 111160.01)

Date Last Edited:Jan 28 2016 4:30PM