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HER Number:MDV823
Name:North Devon Railway (Fremington to Barnstaple)

Summary

The first railway to be laid in north Devon was from Fremington Docks to Barnstaple. The Exeter Barnstaple line opened in 1854. It was extended to Bideford in 1855 and to Torrington in 1872. The Barnstaple Exeter line remains as a passenger railway but the section from Barnstaple to Torrington is now the Tarka Trail cycle way.

Location

Grid Reference:SS 541 327
Map Sheet:SS53SW
Admin AreaDevon
Civil ParishBarnstaple
Civil ParishFremington
Civil ParishTawstock
DistrictNorth Devon
Ecclesiastical ParishFREMINGTON
Ecclesiastical ParishTAWSTOCK

Protected Status: none recorded

Other References/Statuses

  • Old DCC SMR Ref: SS53SE/86

Monument Type(s) and Dates

  • RAILWAY (XIX to XX - 1801 AD to 2000 AD (Between))

Full description

Ordnance Survey, 1880-1899, First Edition Ordnance 25 inch map (Cartographic). SDV336179.

L.&.S.W.R. North Devon Line marked on 1880s-1890s 25 inch Ordnance Survey map.


Ordnance Survey, 1904 - 1906, Second Edition Ordnance Survey 25 inch Map (Cartographic). SDV325644.

L.&.S.W.R. North Devon Line marked on 1904-1906 25 inch Ordnance Survey map.


Ordnance Survey, 1930 - 1939, Fourth Edition Ordnance Survey 25 inch Map (Cartographic). SDV336668.

North Devon Line marked on 1930s 25 inch Ordnance Survey map.


Bone, M., 1973, Barnstaple's Industrial Archaeology, 30 (Monograph). SDV78228.

The first railway to be laid in north Devon was a standard gauge line from Fremington Docks to Barnstaple. The Exeter Barnstaple line opened in 1854. The line, held up by the battle of the gauges, was laid on broad gauge. It was extended to Bideford in 1855. The LSWR gained control of the line and the gauge was mixed in 1863. The line was extended to Torrington in 1872. Despite the growth of a comprehensive network the quality of railway services was never good enough to stimulate economic growth on the scale of that in south Devon. Recent years have seen the steady closure of the system and the Barnstaple Exeter line is the only remaining passenger line.


Thomas, D. St. J., 1981, A Regional History of Railways of Great Britain, 92-99 (Monograph). SDV168.


Exeter Archaeology, 2000, Archaeological Assessment of a Proposed Development Area at Larkbear Near Barnstaple, 6, 11 (Report - Assessment). SDV79105.


ASI Heritage Consultants, 2000, Leaderflush and Shapland Site, Barnstaple: Archaeological Assessment (Report - Assessment). SDV70999.


Wessex Archaeology, 2011, Land to the West of Tews Lane, Bickington, Barnstaple, Devon: Archaeological Desk-Based Assessment, 7 (Report - Assessment). SDV352137.


Ordnance Survey, 2012, MasterMap (Cartographic). SDV348725.

Modern mapping shows the section of line from Barnstaple to Torrington to have been removed. The route is now the Tarka Trail cycle way.


Lewis, D., Sept 2011, Land at Larkbear, Barnstaple: Archaeological Desk-based Assessment, 13 (Report - Assessment). SDV352261.

Sources / Further Reading

SDV168Monograph: Thomas, D. St. J.. 1981. A Regional History of Railways of Great Britain. A Regional History of Railways of Great Britain. 1. Unknown. 92-99.
SDV325644Cartographic: Ordnance Survey. 1904 - 1906. Second Edition Ordnance Survey 25 inch Map. Second Edition Ordnance Survey 25 inch Map. Map (Digital).
SDV336179Cartographic: Ordnance Survey. 1880-1899. First Edition Ordnance 25 inch map. First Edition Ordnance Survey 25 inch Map. Map (Digital).
SDV336668Cartographic: Ordnance Survey. 1930 - 1939. Fourth Edition Ordnance Survey 25 inch Map. Fourth Edition Ordnance Survey 25 inch Map. Map (Digital).
SDV348725Cartographic: Ordnance Survey. 2012. MasterMap. Ordnance Survey. Map (Digital).
SDV352137Report - Assessment: Wessex Archaeology. 2011. Land to the West of Tews Lane, Bickington, Barnstaple, Devon: Archaeological Desk-Based Assessment. Wessex Archaeology Report. 76470.01. A4 Stapled + Digital. 7.
SDV352261Report - Assessment: Lewis, D.. Sept 2011. Land at Larkbear, Barnstaple: Archaeological Desk-based Assessment. The Environmental Dimension Partnership (EDP). H_EDP1340_01. A4 Stapled + Digital. 13.
SDV70999Report - Assessment: ASI Heritage Consultants. 2000. Leaderflush and Shapland Site, Barnstaple: Archaeological Assessment. ASI Heritage Consultants Report. A4 Stapled + Digital.
SDV78228Monograph: Bone, M.. 1973. Barnstaple's Industrial Archaeology. Barnstaple's Industrial Archaeology. A5 Paperback. 30.
SDV79105Report - Assessment: Exeter Archaeology. 2000. Archaeological Assessment of a Proposed Development Area at Larkbear Near Barnstaple. Exeter Archaeology Report. 00.83. A4 Stapled + Digital. 6, 11.

Associated Monuments

MDV32665Parent of: Footbridge over the North Devon Railway, Fremington (Monument)
MDV32666Parent of: Milepost on North Devon Railway, Fremington (Monument)
MDV900Related to: Barnstaple Loop Line (Monument)
MDV824Related to: Barnstaple Station (Building)
MDV32674Related to: Footbridge near Fremington Pill (Monument)
MDV32678Related to: Fremington Station (Monument)
MDV32661Related to: Milepost on the North Devon Railway to the north of Anchor Wood, Barnstaple (Monument)
MDV125072Related to: North Devon Line from Coleford Junction to Barnstaple (Monument)
MDV18736Related to: RAILWAY in the Parish of Exeter (Monument)
MDV32662Related to: Signal Post on North Devon Railway to north of Anchor Wood, Barnstaple (Monument)

Associated Finds: none recorded

Associated Events: none recorded


Date Last Edited:Feb 2 2019 3:57PM