HeritageGateway - Home
Site Map
Text size: A A A
You are here: Home > > > > Devon & Dartmoor HER Result
Devon & Dartmoor HERPrintable version | About Devon & Dartmoor HER | Visit Devon & Dartmoor HER online...

See important guidance on the use of this record.

If you have any comments or new information about this record, please email us.


HER Number:MDV8236
Name:Chagford Churchyard Cross and War Memorial

Summary

Churchyard cross erected as a war memorial in 1928 using fragments from two 15th century crosses; the head and arms, which has an incised cross on the face, was built into a wall at Holy Street Manor (originally said to have stood in Chagford market place). The octagonal base, hollowed out form a trough, once stood in the yard at Southmead House, and is also said by Masson Philips (1937) to have once stood in the market-place. They are certainly not from the same original cross.

Location

Grid Reference:SX 702 875
Map Sheet:SX78NW
Admin AreaDartmoor National Park
Civil ParishChagford
DistrictWest Devon
Ecclesiastical ParishCHAGFORD

Protected Status

Other References/Statuses

  • National Monuments Record: SX78NW19
  • Old DCC SMR Ref: SX78NW/11/4
  • Old Listed Building Ref (II)
  • Ordnance Survey Archaeology Division: SX78NW19
  • Pastscape: 445505

Monument Type(s) and Dates

  • CROSS (XV - 1401 AD to 1500 AD (Between))
  • WAR MEMORIAL (XX - 1928 AD to 1928 AD)

Full description

Ormerod, G. W., 1873-1874, Wayside Crosses in the District bordering the east of Dartmoor, 391 (Article in Serial). SDV346648.

A market cross formerly stood on the north side of the market place in Chagford, under a tree, and was removed to Holy Street Farm by the owner, Mr Southmead, where it lay in the farmyard for many years. It was later built into a wall to preserve it, the remains consisting of a simple, much-worn cross with an incised Latin Cross at the centre, the total height being approximately 3 feet, the width across the arms approximately 27 inches.


Masson Phillips, E. N., 1937, The Ancient Stone Crosses of Devon: Part I, 324 (Article in Serial). SDV240502.

In the extension of the churchyard. A restored cross, serving as a war memorial, erected in 1928. A modern pedestal of two octagonal steps, the lower with a chamfered plinth and a projecting top edge, the upper plain, supports an ancient (b or c) octagonal socket-stone, the sides of which are ornamented with mouldings. The socket-stone bears a modern shaft of rough rectangular section to which has been attached the upper portion of the shaft, with head and arms, of an ancient cross (a) of rough rectangular section. On the face, between the arms, there is an incised cross. This cross was formerly built into a wall at Holy Street, and prior to that is said to have stood in or near the market-place at Chagford. The socket-stone, hollowed out to form a trough, once stood in the yard at Southmead House, and is also said to have once stood in the market-place. This is possible, but the cross is quite different in character and certainly never belonged to the socket-stone. Medieval.


Ordnance Survey Archaeology Division, 1953, SX78NW19 (Ordnance Survey Archaeology Division Card). SDV260066.

(Visited 19/03/1953) The ancient part of the cross is 1.0 metre high. The roughly finished arms have a total length of 0.5 metres. The shaft, of rectangular section is 0.25 metres by 0.15 metres. The octagonal socket stone has a diameter of 1.3 metres and visible height 0.4 metres, with well finished horizontal mouldings. Incised cross, on the west face, is 0.2 metres long and 0.1 metres wide.
The shaft and socket are not parts of the same cross, being of different granite and workmanship. The shaft seems too crude for a market cross and is more of a wayside type. Socket stone is possibly from market place, centred at SX7005 8754.


Starkey, F. H., 1983, Dartmoor Crosses and Some Ancient Tracks, 131-2 (Monograph). SDV345128.

The cross head was taken from Chagford market place to Holy Street, (SX 68 NE 3), and later returned to become part of the War Memorial.


Department of Environment, 1987, Chagford, 103 (List of Blds of Arch or Historic Interest). SDV350463.

Churchyard cross and war memorial. Erected as a war memorial in 1928 using fragments of probably 15th century crosses. Granite. Cross stands approximately 3.8 metres high. It is crudely carved with a tall shaft and short stumpy arms. The sides of the steps are inscribed as a memorial to the dead of both World Wars.


Ordnance Survey, 2012, MasterMap (Cartographic). SDV348725.


English Heritage, 2012, National Heritage List for England (National Heritage List for England). SDV348729.

Churchyard cross approximately 30 metres east of Church of St. Michael. Churchyard cross and war memorial. Erected as a war memorial in 1928 using fragments of probably 15th century crosses. Granite. Cross stands approximately 3.8 metres high. It is crudely carved with a tall shaft and short stumpy arms. There is a cross inscribed on the west side at the junction of the arms. The head is medieval but the shaft is 20th century although it is finished in the same style. The socket stone is also medieval. Standing approximately 400 millimetres high it is octagonal with moulded sides. It stands on a 2-step plinth; the lower one higher with a soffit-moulded tread and chamfered plinth. The sides of the steps are inscribed as a memorial to the dead of both World Wars. The medieval cross head was formerly built into a wall near Holystreet Manor and before that is said to have stood in the Market Square. The socket stone was from the yard of Southmead House. Both are medieval but Masson-Phillips points out their different character and that they never were components of the same medieval cross. Date listed: 22nd February 1967.

Sources / Further Reading

SDV240502Article in Serial: Masson Phillips, E. N.. 1937. The Ancient Stone Crosses of Devon: Part I. Transactions of the Devonshire Association. 69. A5 Hardback. 324.
SDV260066Ordnance Survey Archaeology Division Card: Ordnance Survey Archaeology Division. 1953. SX78NW19. Ordnance Survey Archaeology Division Card. Card Index.
SDV345128Monograph: Starkey, F. H.. 1983. Dartmoor Crosses and Some Ancient Tracks. Dartmoor Crosses and Some Ancient Tracks. Paperback Volume. 131-2.
SDV346648Article in Serial: Ormerod, G. W.. 1873-1874. Wayside Crosses in the District bordering the east of Dartmoor. Transactions of the Devonshire Association. 6. A5 Hardback. 391.
SDV348725Cartographic: Ordnance Survey. 2012. MasterMap. Ordnance Survey. Map (Digital). [Mapped feature: #108249 ]
SDV348729National Heritage List for England: English Heritage. 2012. National Heritage List for England. Website.
SDV350463List of Blds of Arch or Historic Interest: Department of Environment. 1987. Chagford. Historic Houses Register. A4 Bound. 103.

Associated Monuments

MDV6176Related to: Cross head at Holy Street, Chagford (Monument)
MDV107152Related to: Holy Street Farm, Chagford (Monument)
MDV8256Related to: Stumpy Cross, Chagford (Monument)

Associated Finds: none recorded

Associated Events: none recorded


Date Last Edited:Jul 12 2019 1:06PM