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HER Number:MDV8449
Name:Bradford Pool Tin Mine, Drewsteignton

Summary

Bradford pool tin mine. Marks the site of early excavations. Water accumulated in the old workings in the 19th century. Geology of the area suggests the mining operations would have been opencast, but the extraction of lode tin at depth is not ruled out. Earliest known reference to working of mine is 1539 (costello).

Location

Grid Reference:SX 700 910
Map Sheet:SX79SW
Admin AreaDartmoor National Park
Civil ParishDrewsteignton
DistrictWest Devon
Ecclesiastical ParishDREWSTEIGNTON

Protected Status: none recorded

Other References/Statuses

  • National Monuments Record: SX 69 SE 57
  • Old DCC SMR Ref: SX79SW/11
  • Pastscape: 897980

Monument Type(s) and Dates

  • MINE (XV to XVI - 1500 AD? to 1539 AD (Between))

Full description

Untitled Source (Migrated Record). SDV222287.

Ramsden, j. V. /tda/84(1952)90 fig.1/notes on the mines of devonshire.


Untitled Source (Migrated Record). SDV222288.

Ormerod, g. /tda/2(1866)110/tin streaming at chagford.


Untitled Source (Migrated Record). SDV222289.

Harris, h. /industrial archaeology of dartmoor/(1968)195.


Untitled Source (Migrated Record). SDV222291.

Hicks, c. /tda/114(1982)xxx/proceedings of 120th annual meeting.


Untitled Source (Migrated Record). SDV222292.

Des=greeves, t. /an assessment of dartmoor tin working/(1990)24/in smr.


HICKS, Untitled Source (Migrated Record). SDV27389.

Bradford pool is flooded pit of tin works some four acres in extent. Mine was worked by burgoyne family in early 16th century. It was fed by a twelve mile long leat from Watern Coombe. Mine abandoned c.1642 and site flooded. Leat was diverted to feed new mills at Gidleigh some ten years later. A lease of 1687 and numerous court cases of early 18th century relate to this mine, which was abandoned in early 18th century and not re-opened until 1790. Abandoned again in 1804. Re-opened in late 1840s with two shafts. Closed and sold in 1849 (hicks).


Greeves, T. A. P., Untitled Source (Worksheet). SDV69961.

One of richest 16c tinworks in devon. Also geologically distinct as a "stockwork". Well documented from 16c (greeves).


Costello, L. M., 1981, The Bradford Pool Case, 59 (Article in Serial). SDV222290.

The earliest references to tin-mining at Bradeford Pool date to 1539, in the Chagford Churchwarden Accounts, when the mine was known as Shilston Beme. By 1580, a group of `adventurers' assured that the mine had water power by constructing a 12 mile leat from Watern Combe, SX625857, to power machinery to process the ore and drain the workings at a cost of £1,500. The mine was worked until 1641 and reopened in 1687. In 1698, the miners were taken to court over rights to possession to the water in the Bradford leat. This case, for which there is extensive documentation is important for showing how mining activity competed with other industries for the use of water as a power source, and the power of Common Law Courts over Stannary Law Courts, the miners losing their leat, and therefore their mine when the case was transferred to the Court of King's Bench, Westminster.


Moss, M. W., 2015, The Bradford Tinwork Leat and Its Route: Through Enclosed Ground, 155-184 (Article in Serial). SDV361921.

See article for full detail.

Sources / Further Reading

SDV222287Migrated Record:
SDV222288Migrated Record:
SDV222289Migrated Record:
SDV222290Article in Serial: Costello, L. M.. 1981. The Bradford Pool Case. Transactions of the Devonshire Association. 113. Unknown. 59.
SDV222291Migrated Record:
SDV222292Migrated Record:
SDV27389Migrated Record: HICKS.
SDV361921Article in Serial: Moss, M. W.. 2015. The Bradford Tinwork Leat and Its Route: Through Enclosed Ground. Transactions of the Devonshire Association. 147. Paperback Volume. 155-184.
SDV69961Worksheet: Greeves, T. A. P..

Associated Monuments

MDV27493Related to: The Bradford Pool Leat (Monument)

Associated Finds: none recorded

Associated Events: none recorded


Date Last Edited:Dec 3 2018 10:09AM