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HER Number:MDV8642
Name:Field system, south of Dornafield Farm, Ipplepen

Summary

Linear earthwork banks interpreted as relict field boundaries of a prehistoric or Romano-British field system are visible on aerial photographs taken from 1946 onwards and on digital images derived from lidar data captured between 1998 and 2017, on a limestone plateau to the south of Dornafield Farm, Ipplepen.

Location

Grid Reference:SX 839 681
Map Sheet:SX86NW
Admin AreaDevon
Civil ParishIpplepen
DistrictTeignbridge
Ecclesiastical ParishIPPLEPEN

Protected Status: none recorded

Other References/Statuses

  • National Record of the Historic Environment: 446298
  • Old DCC SMR Ref: SX86NW/35

Monument Type(s) and Dates

  • FIELD SYSTEM (Early Iron Age to Roman - 700 BC to 409 AD (Between))

Full description

Ordnance Survey Archaeology Division, Untitled Source (Ordnance Survey Archaeology Division Card). SDV24.

Vis=15/11/1952 (os) low scattered field banks in this area (os).


GALLANT + LUXTON + COLLMAN, Untitled Source (Migrated Record). SDV288111.

A small plateau with gentle slopes except to the north where there is a very steep scarp deepened by quarrying. A large shallow depression indicates a disturbance, probably modern. Three barrows lie to the east see sx86nw/3, sx86nw/4 and sx86nw/5, stallage common is 400m to the south. The average height of the banks is 0.3m. In the tithe apportionment it is named 'black rocks'. In recent years the site and all surrounding fields have been under grass (gallant + luxton + collman).


Untitled Source (Migrated Record). SDV297064.

Field system at dornafield, on west side of dornafield lane.


Untitled Source (Migrated Record). SDV297069.

Osa=sx86nw16.


Untitled Source (Migrated Record). SDV297070.

Des=balkwill, c. /as above.


Untitled Source (Migrated Record). SDV297071.

Des=gallant, l. /list of field systems/(15/11/1980)in parish file.


Untitled Source (Migrated Record). SDV297072.

Gallant, l. + luxton, n. + collman, m. /pdas/43(1985)28/ancient fields on the south devon limestone plateau/fig 4.


Untitled Source (Aerial Photograph). SDV297073.

Aph=dap/hh 15/(21/12/1986).


BALKWILL, Untitled Source (Migrated Record). SDV44259.

Vis=-/6/1976 (balkwill) banks still visible, rough pasture (balkwill).


GALLANT, Untitled Source (Migrated Record). SDV943.

One of a group of 13 possible prehistoric field systems which have been identified on the limestone in south devon. Approx 0.8 hectares in extent (gallant).


Devon County Council, 1838-1848, Tithe Mosaic, approximately 1838-1848 (Cartographic). SDV349431.

The earthworks do not correspond with any linear features shown in this location.


Royal Air Force, 1946, RAF/CPE/UK/1824, RAF/CPE/UK/1824 RP 3208-09 04-NOV-1946 (Aerial Photograph). SDV352344.

Earthwork banks are visible.


Pye, A. R. + Noble, S. + Turton, S. D., 1992, Archaeological Survey and Assessment at Greenawell Park Farm, West Ogwell, 19-21 (Report - Survey). SDV344412.

Other details: Figure 1, site 11.


Environment Agency, 1998-2017, LiDAR DTM data (1m resolution) EA: South Devon Coast to Dartmoor, LIDAR SX8368 Environment Agency DTM 01-JAN-1998 to 31-MAY-2017 (Cartographic). SDV361470.

Earthwork banks are visible.


Dean, R., 2016, Land west of Dornafield Lane, Ipplepen (Report - Geophysical Survey). SDV359656.

Twenty-nine magnetic anomaly groups were mapped as representing possible archaeological deposits or features. Of these, six represent extant field banks of a field system recorded in the Devon Historical Environment Record and thought to be Iron Age. A further two anomaly groups may represent continuations of these field banks beyond the extant remains with a further two, and possibly up to four, groups representing removed field banks or other ground disturbance.

Other magnetic anomaly groups mapped as possibly relating to archaeological deposits or features are likely to represent disturbed linear deposits, such as former ditches or banks, of unknown period and probably from more than one phase of past land management.


Ordnance Survey, 2018, MasterMap 2018 (Cartographic). SDV360652.

Earthworks are shown in this location.


Hegarty, C., Knight, S. and Sims, R., 2018-2019, The South Devon Coast to Dartmoor Aerial Investigation and Mapping Survey. Area 1, Haldon Ridge to Dart Valley (Interpretation). SDV361305.

A concentration of linear earthwork banks, circa 4m in width, is visible on aerial photographs taken from 1946 onwards and on digital images derived from lidar data captured between 1998 and 2017, on a limestone plateau to the south of Dornafield Farm, Ipplepen. The visible earthworks occupy an area of approximately 1.07 hectares and are of varying alignment. They do not correspond with any linear features in this location on the mid-19th century Parish Tithe Map, or on subsequent available historic maps. Their form, character and setting support the interpretation that they represent relict field boundaries of a possible prehistoric or Romano-British field system, a number of similar such field systems being recorded in proximity to the south. Located amongst these field boundaries at circa SX83926814 and SX83936811 are two irregularly shaped, low earthwork mounds or spreads, circa 35m across, which are probably modern in date and have not been transcribed. Three oval shaped mounds of possible clearance cairnsare also visible which have been recorded as a separate monument (MDV122802). This field system is also shown on the 2018 Ordnance Survey MasterMap, apparently derived from the survey depicted in Gallant et al 1985 .

Sources / Further Reading

SDV24Ordnance Survey Archaeology Division Card: Ordnance Survey Archaeology Division. Ordnance Survey Archaeology Division Card. Card Index.
SDV288111Migrated Record: GALLANT + LUXTON + COLLMAN.
SDV297064Migrated Record:
SDV297069Migrated Record:
SDV297070Migrated Record:
SDV297071Migrated Record:
SDV297072Migrated Record:
SDV297073Aerial Photograph:
SDV344412Report - Survey: Pye, A. R. + Noble, S. + Turton, S. D.. 1992. Archaeological Survey and Assessment at Greenawell Park Farm, West Ogwell. Exeter Museums Archaeological Field Unit Report. 92.26. A4 Stapled + Digital. 19-21.
SDV349431Cartographic: Devon County Council. 1838-1848. Tithe Mosaic, approximately 1838-1848. Digitised Tithe Map. Digital.
SDV352344Aerial Photograph: Royal Air Force. 1946. RAF/CPE/UK/1824. Royal Air Force Aerial Photograph. Photograph (Paper). RAF/CPE/UK/1824 RP 3208-09 04-NOV-1946.
SDV359656Report - Geophysical Survey: Dean, R.. 2016. Land west of Dornafield Lane, Ipplepen. Substrata. 1605IPP-R-1. digital.
SDV360652Cartographic: Ordnance Survey. 2018. MasterMap 2018. Ordnance Survey Digital Mapping. Digital.
SDV361305Interpretation: Hegarty, C., Knight, S. and Sims, R.. 2018-2019. The South Devon Coast to Dartmoor Aerial Investigation and Mapping Survey. Area 1, Haldon Ridge to Dart Valley. Historic England Research Report. Digital.
Linked documents:1
SDV361470Cartographic: Environment Agency. 1998-2017. LiDAR DTM data (1m resolution) EA: South Devon Coast to Dartmoor. Environment Agency LiDAR data. Digital. LIDAR SX8368 Environment Agency DTM 01-JAN-1998 to 31-MAY-2017. [Mapped feature: #113163 ]
SDV44259Migrated Record: BALKWILL.
SDV943Migrated Record: GALLANT.

Associated Monuments

MDV115457Part of: Archaeological Anomalies, Land west of Dornafield Lane, Ipplepen (Monument)
MDV122802Related to: Possible clearance cairns, south of Dornafield Farm, Ipplepen (Monument)

Associated Finds: none recorded

Associated Events

  • EDV6996 - Land west of Dornafield Lane, Ipplepen (Ref: 1605IPP-R-1)
  • EDV7515 - The South Devon Coast to Dartmoor Aerial Investigation and Mapping (formerly NMP) Survey (Ref: ACD1748)

Date Last Edited:Mar 25 2019 5:19PM