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HER Number:MDV866
Name:Cattle Market south of Barnstaple Castle

Summary

Site of the cattle market which stood adjacent to Barnstaple Castle in the 19th and earlier 20th century.

Location

Grid Reference:SS 556 332
Map Sheet:SS53SE
Admin AreaDevon
Civil ParishBarnstaple
DistrictNorth Devon
Ecclesiastical ParishBARNSTAPLE

Protected Status

Other References/Statuses

  • North Devon District Council Rescue Archaeology Unit Site Code: ND36
  • North Devon District Council Rescue Archaeology Unit Site Code: ND61
  • Old DCC SMR Ref: SS53SE/42

Monument Type(s) and Dates

  • LIVESTOCK MARKET (XIX to XX - 1848 AD to 1980 AD (Between))

Full description

Wood, J., 1843, Plan of the Town of Barnstaple from Actual Survey (Cartographic). SDV91852.


Ordnance Survey, 1880-1899, First Edition Ordnance 25 inch map (Cartographic). SDV336179.

Cattle Market marked on 1880s-1890s 25 inch Ordnance Survey map as a relatively open area to the southeast of the castle with a row of small 'pens' to the south running southwest.


Ordnance Survey, 1904 - 1906, Second Edition Ordnance Survey 25 inch Map (Cartographic). SDV325644.

Cattle market shown on 1904-1906 25 inch Ordnance Survey map.


Bone, M., 1973, Barnstaple's Industrial Archaeology, 35 (Monograph). SDV78228.

The present cattle market was opened in 1848 and was extended in 1890. The surviving buildings are of recent construction.


Devon County Council, 1975, Barnstaple Town Trail, 17 (Article in Monograph). SDV352446.


Timms, S. C., 1976, The Devon Urban Survey, 1976. First Draft, 73 (Report - Survey). SDV341346.


North Devon District Council Rescue Archaeology Unit, 1986, Interim Report on Small Sites Work, Barnstaple (Report - Interim). SDV90724.

Two trenches were excavated in the Cattle Market car park in 1986. Neither extended below the post medieval levels at 0.75 metres. A 17th century Dutch clay pipe was recovered. [Note that there seems to be some confusion over the date of these excavations. The Site Code Index has two codes, one for 1985 when it states the pipe was found and the other for 1986. No features or finds are mentioned with regard to the latter.]


North Devon District Council Rescue Archaeology Unit, 1991, North Devon Archaeological Site Code Index, Site Code ND36, ND61 (Report - non-specific). SDV63429.

A black silty deposit containing a 17th century Dutch ppipe was observed during a watching brief in the cattle market car park in 1985. A further watching brief was undertaken in 1986 during the excavation of a service trench. No mention of any features or finds from this latter excavation.


Exeter Archaeology, 2003, Barnstaple Castle Car Park Scheme: Phase 1: Archaeological Assessment, 19, Fig. 11 (Report - Assessment). SDV319631.


Southwest Archaeology, 2013, Greater Barnstaple Area Project Database, Mapping Area 27, 52 (Un-published). SDV351581.


Timms, S. C., 24/11/1982, Cattle Market (Personal Comment). SDV72969.

On the site of the outer bailey of Barnstaple Castle. Wood's plan of Barnstaple shows a sheep market occupying a long narrow strip running back from present Castle Street in 1843. the plan also shows that the cattle market was held in the open in the present Castle Street.


Friends of Archaeology ND, Unknown, Historic Barnstaple (Leaflet). SDV356772.

Sources / Further Reading

SDV319631Report - Assessment: Exeter Archaeology. 2003. Barnstaple Castle Car Park Scheme: Phase 1: Archaeological Assessment. Exeter Archaeology Report. 03.62. A4 Stapled + Digital. 19, Fig. 11.
SDV325644Cartographic: Ordnance Survey. 1904 - 1906. Second Edition Ordnance Survey 25 inch Map. Second Edition Ordnance Survey 25 inch Map. Map (Digital). [Mapped feature: #108737 ]
SDV336179Cartographic: Ordnance Survey. 1880-1899. First Edition Ordnance 25 inch map. First Edition Ordnance Survey 25 inch Map. Map (Digital).
SDV341346Report - Survey: Timms, S. C.. 1976. The Devon Urban Survey, 1976. First Draft. Devon Committee for Rescue Archaeology Report. A4 Unbound + Digital. 73.
SDV351581Un-published: Southwest Archaeology. 2013. Greater Barnstaple Area Project Database. Greater Barnstaple Area Project. Digital. Mapping Area 27, 52.
SDV352446Article in Monograph: Devon County Council. 1975. Barnstaple Town Trail. Devon Town Trails: European Architectural Heritage Year. Paperback Volume. 17.
SDV356772Leaflet: Friends of Archaeology ND. Unknown. Historic Barnstaple. Leaflet + Digital.
SDV63429Report - non-specific: North Devon District Council Rescue Archaeology Unit. 1991. North Devon Archaeological Site Code Index. North Devon District Council Report. A4 Stapled + Digital. Site Code ND36, ND61.
SDV72969Personal Comment: Timms, S. C.. 24/11/1982. Cattle Market. Not Applicable.
SDV78228Monograph: Bone, M.. 1973. Barnstaple's Industrial Archaeology. Barnstaple's Industrial Archaeology. A5 Paperback. 35.
SDV90724Report - Interim: North Devon District Council Rescue Archaeology Unit. 1986. Interim Report on Small Sites Work, Barnstaple. North Devon District Council Rescue Archaeology Unit Report. A4 Stapled + Digital.
SDV91852Cartographic: Wood, J.. 1843. Plan of the Town of Barnstaple from Actual Survey. Unknown.

Associated Monuments

MDV4501Parent of: Gateway from Tuly Street to the Cattle Market, Barnstaple (Monument)
MDV14592Related to: Barnstaple Castle (Monument)
MDV14595Related to: Barnstaple Castle Outer Bailey (Monument)
MDV878Related to: Barnstaple Pannier Market (Building)
MDV38728Related to: Well adjacent to sites of Dornat's Factory and the Cattle Market, Tuly Street, Barnstaple (Monument)

Associated Finds

  • FDV1383 - POT (Medieval - 1066 AD to 1539 AD)
  • FDV1382 - POT (XVI to XVIII - 1540 AD to 1749 AD)
  • FDV5401 - CLAY PIPE (SMOKING) (XVII - 1601 AD to 1700 AD)

Associated Events

  • EDV1378 - Barnstaple Castle Car Park Scheme Archaeological Assessment

Date Last Edited:Jun 19 2014 2:25PM