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HER Number:MDV912
Name:Fremington Pottery

Summary

Site of Fremington Pottery. A pottery works was established here by the Fishley family by 1800, although there is said to have been a pottery manufacturing site here before that date. The pottery was acquired by Brannams in 1915. Potting continued on site until late 1920's and cloam ovens were being made there in 1930's. The pottery works were subsequently demolished.

Location

Grid Reference:SS 522 324
Map Sheet:SS53SW
Admin AreaDevon
Civil ParishFremington
DistrictNorth Devon
Ecclesiastical ParishFREMINGTON

Protected Status: none recorded

Other References/Statuses

  • Old DCC SMR Ref: SS53SW/8

Monument Type(s) and Dates

  • POTTERY MANUFACTURING SITE (Early Medieval to XXI - 1066 AD to 2009 AD (Between))

Full description

ANON. IN JBAA, Untitled Source (Migrated Record). SDV85603.

The british museum collection of medieval tiles contains a tile probably made at muddlebridge pottery, devon (anon. In jbaa).


Pearse Chope, R., Untitled Source (Migrated Record). SDV85605.

Manufacture of cloam ovens discussed with reference to c.18 article (pearse-chope).


CRF, Untitled Source (Migrated Record). SDV85607.

See also ss53sw/136 for pottery at muddlebridge house (crf).


Untitled Source (Migrated Record). SDV85608.

Ta=784/785.


Untitled Source (Migrated Record). SDV85609.

Keen, l. /jbaa/32(1969)146/a series of seventeenth and eighteenth century lead-glazed relief tiles from north devon.


Untitled Source (Migrated Record). SDV85610.

Anon. /jbaa/134(1981)119/the british museum collection of medieval tiles.


Untitled Source (Migrated Record). SDV85614.

Pearse-chope, r. /dcnq/1(1900-1901)303-304/barnstaple ovens.


Untitled Source (Migrated Record). SDV85617.

Des=os 6"(1932/1938)/13nw.


KEEN, Untitled Source (Migrated Record). SDV9723.

Keen notes that a relief tile was found in the pottery at muddlebridge, fremington, near barnstaple (keen).


Carson, A., 05/10/1982, Ovens (Worksheet). SDV356769.

Notes from Pearse Chope's article which refers to an 18th century article about Barnstaple ovens. Barnstaple ovens were made in one piece from potter's clay and were apparently 'not only cleaner and cheaper than any other ovens. But bake with more eveness and certainty, and consume not a fourth of the fuel which is wasted in those of the ordinary fashion in London and elsewhere'. Cloam ovens were made at Fremington.


Ordnance Survey, 1880-1899, First Edition Ordnance 25 inch map (Cartographic). SDV336179.

Fremington Pottery marked.


Strong, H. W., 1891, The Potteries of North Devon, 392-393 (Article in Serial). SDV87986.

Fremington Pottery is situated on rising ground above the Pill. The original pottery was at Muddlebridge on the Pill, about 50 yards riverwards.


Charbonnier, T., 1906, Notes on North Devon Pottery of the Seventeenth, Eighteenth and Nineteenth Centuries., 255 (Article in Serial). SDV342234.

The pottery established at Muddlebridge by George Fishley at the end of the 18th century moved to Combrew where a pottery already existed. No traces of the Muddlebridge works remain. George Fishley was succeeded by his son, Edmund and E.B. Fishley, the present proprietor (1906) is the third generation of a family of potters.


Ordnance Survey, 1930 - 1939, Fourth Edition Ordnance Survey 25 inch Map (Cartographic). SDV336668.

Pottery House marked.


Brannam, P., 1982, A Family Business - The Story of a Pottery, 37,127/iii (Monograph). SDV72968.

Muddlebridge pottery was acquired by Brannams pottery in 1915. Potting continued on site until late 1920's and cloam ovens were being made there in 1930's. It was subsequently demolished, but a drawing in the North Devon Athenaeum shows the pottery before demolition with a kiln and cloam oven visible.


Grant, A., 1983, North Devon Pottery: The Seventeenth Century, 31-32, 37 (Monograph). SDV337607.

The remains of an 18th century pottery can be seen behind Muddlebridge House, on the site of an earlier one. No systematic excavation has taken place at Muddlebridge but large numbers of waster sherds can be found wherever the ground is dug.
A branch of the Fishley family had moved to Fremington by 1800. The parish was an obvious site for potteries, for the clay pits were there, at Combrew, where there is said to have been a pottery before Fishley's time.


Weddell, P. J., 1993, Archaeological Assessment of NRA Muddlebridge (Fremington) Tidal Defence Scheme, 2 (Report - Assessment). SDV342214.

The origins of the Fremington pottery are unclear but there are medieval floor tiles in the collections at the British Museum which are said to have originated at Muddlebridge. The location of a pottery here is due to the presence of deposits of excellent potter's clay which were described in the early 17th century as 'the best clay for potters' use which this country affords'.


Wessex Archaeology, 2011, Land to the West of Tews Lane, Bickington, Barnstaple, Devon: Archaeological Desk-Based Assessment, 7, Appendix 1 (Report - Assessment). SDV352137.

The Fremington pottery production was started by George Fishley at Muddlebridge in the late 18th century, production moving to Cambrew immediately to the south by 1800. The Fishley family were known for making their own glaze recipes and the founder is thought to have been an important 19th century earthenware potter.


Exeter City Council, Unknown, North Devon Pottery (Leaflet). SDV355422.

The most important pottery working outside Barnstaple was the Fishley Pottery at Combrew near Fremington. Combrew was one of the major sources of potting clay in the area and a number of kiln sites had been found in the vicinity of the village.

Sources / Further Reading

SDV336179Cartographic: Ordnance Survey. 1880-1899. First Edition Ordnance 25 inch map. First Edition Ordnance Survey 25 inch Map. Map (Digital). [Mapped feature: #109328 ]
SDV336668Cartographic: Ordnance Survey. 1930 - 1939. Fourth Edition Ordnance Survey 25 inch Map. Fourth Edition Ordnance Survey 25 inch Map. Map (Digital).
SDV337607Monograph: Grant, A.. 1983. North Devon Pottery: The Seventeenth Century. North Devon Pottery: The Seventeenth Century. Hardback Volume. 31-32, 37.
SDV342214Report - Assessment: Weddell, P. J.. 1993. Archaeological Assessment of NRA Muddlebridge (Fremington) Tidal Defence Scheme. Exeter Archaeology Report. 93.42. A4 Stapled + Digital. 2.
SDV342234Article in Serial: Charbonnier, T.. 1906. Notes on North Devon Pottery of the Seventeenth, Eighteenth and Nineteenth Centuries.. Transactions of the Devonshire Association. 38. A5 Hardback. 255.
SDV352137Report - Assessment: Wessex Archaeology. 2011. Land to the West of Tews Lane, Bickington, Barnstaple, Devon: Archaeological Desk-Based Assessment. Wessex Archaeology Report. 76470.01. A4 Stapled + Digital. 7, Appendix 1.
SDV355422Leaflet: Exeter City Council. Unknown. North Devon Pottery. Exeter Museums Publication. 80. A3 Folded + digital.
SDV356769Worksheet: Carson, A.. 05/10/1982. Ovens. Worksheet + Digital.
SDV72968Monograph: Brannam, P.. 1982. A Family Business - The Story of a Pottery. A Family Business - The Story of a Pottery. A4 Stapled + Digital. 37,127/iii.
SDV85603Migrated Record: ANON. IN JBAA.
SDV85605Migrated Record: Pearse Chope, R..
SDV85607Migrated Record: CRF.
SDV85608Migrated Record:
SDV85609Migrated Record:
SDV85610Migrated Record:
SDV85614Migrated Record:
SDV85617Migrated Record:
SDV87986Article in Serial: Strong, H. W.. 1891. The Potteries of North Devon. Transactions of the Devonshire Association. 23. 392-393.
SDV9723Migrated Record: KEEN.

Associated Monuments

MDV914Related to: Muddlebridge Pottery, Fremington (Monument)

Associated Finds: none recorded

Associated Events: none recorded


Date Last Edited:Jun 19 2014 11:10AM