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HER Number:MDV9375
Name:Frankmills silver-lead Mine, Christow


Frankmills was the most successful of the Teign silver-lead mines, as well as the deepest and most expensive.


Grid Reference:SX 835 819
Map Sheet:SX88SW
Admin AreaDartmoor National Park
Civil ParishChristow
Ecclesiastical ParishCHRISTOW

Protected Status: none recorded

Other References/Statuses

  • National Monuments Record: SX88SW23
  • National Record of the Historic Environment: 447374
  • Old DCC SMR Ref: SX88SW/33

Monument Type(s) and Dates

  • BARYTES MINE (XIX - 1857 AD to 1880 AD (Between))
  • FLUORSPAR MINE (XIX - 1857 AD to 1880 AD (Between))
  • IRONSTONE MINE (XIX - 1857 AD to 1880 AD (Between))
  • LEAD MINE (XIX - 1857 AD to 1880 AD (Between))
  • SILVER MINE (XIX - 1857 AD to 1880 AD (Between))

Full description

BEER, Untitled Source (Migrated Record). SDV217601.

Until its closure in 1880, frank mills mine had an output of lead ore, zinc ore, barytes, siderite, fluorspar and silver (beer).

SCHMITZ, Untitled Source (Migrated Record). SDV300298.

Frank mills was the most successful of the teign silver-lead mines, as well as the deepest and most expensive (schmitz).

DNP REPORT, Untitled Source (Report - Survey). SDV310280.

Vis=-/1/1982 (greeves) a stack and adjoining engine house built 1877-8 at sx83578195, the stack one of only a few in good condition. Sw of stack and engine house are stretches of walling, some of which may be the remains of dressing floors at sx83558193. About 60m ne of the stack are the ruins of a small stone structure which could have been a powderhouse (sx83628199). At the northern end of the area lie the ruins of several massive stone structures. One of these is a stack and engine house (sx83628208) which housed a 60" pump for the shaft to the west of it, sunk to a depth of 315m. To the west of this again lie the remains of another shaft and another engine's stone foundations, which possibly housed a 42" winding engine (dnp report).

Cranstone, D., Untitled Source (Migrated Record). SDV310288.

Vis=est=-/-/1990 (cranstone) engine house plus other ruins at northern end very overgrown. Extensive spoil tips run south from this; to west are extensive dressing waste tips. The northern end certainly contains buried structures. Engine house may contain washing floor/dressing mill stratigraphy. Mid to late 19th century (cranstone).

RCHM APP 1985, Untitled Source (Migrated Record). SDV310362.

A view of the engine house and stack in 1959, taken by h. C. Ordish, is in the smr. Limits of mine visible and recorded (rchm app 1985).

1963, Untitled Source (Migrated Record). SDV310364.

'frankmills mine (disused)' shown on os 6" (1906) map and os 6" (1963) map.

SX88SW/37, Untitled Source (Report - Survey). SDV310365.

Vis=-/8/1996 (nance + nance) engine house built in similar ornamental style to that at wheal exmouth (sx88sw/34). Only granite cylinder footing and decorative base of stack (in dressed limestone) still remain. The house of the winding engine is very ruinous and much of the walling (like tat of the pumping engine house) appears to have been deliberately removed, though portions of the e wall still stand. More remains of the crusher house which is similar in design to the house at aller mine (sx88sw/37) (nance + nance).

Untitled Source (Migrated Record). SDV310366.

Ramsden, j. V. /tda/84(1952)94 fig.1/notes on the mines of devonshire.

Untitled Source (Migrated Record). SDV310367.

Des=ramsden, j. V. /teign valley mines ms.

Untitled Source (Migrated Record). SDV310368.

Harris, h. /industrial archaeology of dartmoor/(1968)193.

Untitled Source (Migrated Record). SDV310369.

Spargo, t. /mines of cornwall and devon/(1868)178.

Untitled Source (Migrated Record). SDV310370.

Collins, j. H. /observations on the west of england mining region/(1912)274, 484.

Untitled Source (Migrated Record). SDV310371.


Untitled Source (Migrated Record). SDV310372.

Schmitz, c. /the teign valley silver-lead mines 1806-1880 in british mining no.15/(1980)74-76.

Untitled Source (Migrated Record). SDV310373.

Des=dnp/report on the archaeological and historical implications of the removal of dump material/(1982)1-2 fig/in parish file.

Untitled Source (Migrated Record). SDV310374.

Beer, k. E. /tda/110(1978)77-78/mineralisation in the teign valley.

Untitled Source (Migrated Record). SDV310375.

Des=worksheet in parish file.

Untitled Source (Migrated Record). SDV310376.

Des=photo in parish file.

Untitled Source (Aerial Photograph). SDV310377.

Aph=raf/cpe/uk/1995 4335(13/4/1947).

Untitled Source (Aerial Photograph). SDV310378.

Aph=dap/jy 10,11(16/2/1988)(no prints).

Untitled Source (Migrated Record). SDV310379.

Des=cranstone, d. /hbmc assessment of lead industry/(1991)/ms in smr.

Untitled Source (Migrated Record). SDV310380.

Des=os 6"(1906)101nw.

Untitled Source (Migrated Record). SDV310381.

Des=os 6"(1963).

Untitled Source (Aerial Photograph). SDV310382.

Aph=dap/jy 10,11/(21/1/1988).

Untitled Source (Migrated Record). SDV310383.

Des=nance, r. W. M. + nance, r. D. /a survey of engine houses on the mines of south devon, in p. Newman (ed) the archaeology of mining and metallurgy in south-west britain/(1996)109-122/copy in smr.

Untitled Source (Migrated Record). SDV310384.

Bodman, m. /water-powered sites in devon/(1998)38.21/in smr.

Untitled Source (Migrated Record). SDV310385.

Des=nance, d. + nance, d. /dtrg newsletter/10(1996)4-6/wheal druid & the engine houses of dartmoor.

Untitled Source (Migrated Record). SDV310386.

Nance, r. D. /project design for a survey of engine houses on the mines of south devon/(1996)/in smr.

Untitled Source (Migrated Record). SDV310387.

Richardson, p. H. G. /british mining/44(1992)138/mines of dartmoor and the tamar valley after 1913.

Cranstone, D., 1991, The Lead Industry, Site 4 (Report - non-specific). SDV90317.

19th century mine. Engine house plus other ruins at north end. Extensive spoil tips run south from this; to west of these is a small engine house with good stack and extensive dressing waste tips adjacent.

A rather damaged site, retaining some interesting features. Quality relative to Wheal Exmouth depends on below-ground survival, which cannot be reliably assessed. On balance, Wheal Exmouth is probably a better site of the two.

Sources / Further Reading

SDV217601Migrated Record: BEER.
SDV300298Migrated Record: SCHMITZ.
SDV310280Report - Survey: DNP REPORT.
SDV310288Migrated Record: Cranstone, D..
SDV310362Migrated Record: RCHM APP 1985.
SDV310364Migrated Record: 1963.
SDV310365Report - Survey: SX88SW/37.
SDV310366Migrated Record:
SDV310367Migrated Record:
SDV310368Migrated Record:
SDV310369Migrated Record:
SDV310370Migrated Record:
SDV310371Migrated Record:
SDV310372Migrated Record:
SDV310373Migrated Record:
SDV310374Migrated Record:
SDV310375Migrated Record:
SDV310376Migrated Record:
SDV310377Aerial Photograph:
SDV310378Aerial Photograph:
SDV310379Migrated Record:
SDV310380Migrated Record:
SDV310381Migrated Record:
SDV310382Aerial Photograph:
SDV310383Migrated Record:
SDV310384Migrated Record:
SDV310385Migrated Record:
SDV310386Migrated Record:
SDV310387Migrated Record:
SDV90317Report - non-specific: Cranstone, D.. 1991. The Lead Industry. English Heritage Monuments Protection Programme Step 3 Site Assessments. A4 Unbound. Site 4.

Associated Monuments

MDV40563Parent of: Ventilation shaft and ruins at Frank Mills Mine, Christow (Building)
MDV42231Related to: Quarry in Round O Plantation, Christow (Monument)

Associated Finds: none recorded

Associated Events: none recorded

Date Last Edited:Jun 1 2021 10:31AM