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HER Number:MDV9588
Name:Cross in St Mary's Churchyard, Brixham

Summary

A stage from a cross pedestal lies in the churchyard near the church tower. Of red sandstone, octagonal in shape with a chamfered top edge and a very shallow octagonal depression occupying most of the upper surface.

Location

Grid Reference:SX 921 551
Map Sheet:SX95NW
Civil ParishBrixham
Civil ParishTorbay
DistrictTorbay
Ecclesiastical ParishBRIXHAM

Protected Status

Other References/Statuses

  • Old DCC SMR Ref: SX95NW/2/4

Monument Type(s) and Dates

  • CROSS (Medieval - 1066 AD to 1539 AD (Between))

Full description

Masson Phillips, E. N., 1937, The Ancient Stone Crosses of Devon: Part I, 319 (Article in Serial). SDV240502.

There is a cross in the churchyard near the tower. Type b. A block of red sandstone, octagonal in shape with a chamfered top edge a very shallow octagonal depression occupying nearly the whole of the upper surface. Probably one stage of the pedestal of a cross.


Ordnance Survey Archaeology Division, 1953, SX95NW5 (Ordnance Survey Archaeology Division Card). SDV318270.

Site visit 9th November 1953. The only remains located is a stone, possibly a trough. This is not fixed, but is just resting against the tower. 4 feet by 1 foot 6 inches by 1 foot.


Watson, A., 2007-2017?, Devon Crosses, 59 (Vol 1); 213 (Vol 2) (Un-published). SDV360833.

A stage from a cross pedestal lies in the churchyard near the church tower. Of red sandstone, octagonal in shape with a chamfered top edge and a very shallow octagonal depression occupying most of the upper surface.
Pedestal: 26 inches by 14 inches high, octagonal.
Inside: 18 inches by 0.75 inches deep, octagonal.
The lane along which the dead were carried to the church was known as the Lych Way.
Until the early part of the 20th century, the custom prevailed of funerals making a circle around a pile of stones in the road which were supposed to have been the base of a cross. Alterations to the road caused the ceremony to be abandoned. The cross, the shaft of which is now in Churston Ferrers churchyard, once stood at the fork in the road above the church.


Ordnance Survey, 2018, MasterMap 2018 (Cartographic). SDV360652.

Exact location of stone unknown, apart from the fact that it is by the tower. Note that the NGR given by Watson is incorrect.

Sources / Further Reading

SDV240502Article in Serial: Masson Phillips, E. N.. 1937. The Ancient Stone Crosses of Devon: Part I. Transactions of the Devonshire Association. 69. A5 Hardback. 319.
SDV318270Ordnance Survey Archaeology Division Card: Ordnance Survey Archaeology Division. 1953. SX95NW5. OSAD Card. Card Index + Digital.
SDV360652Cartographic: Ordnance Survey. 2018. MasterMap 2018. Ordnance Survey Digital Mapping. Digital. [Mapped feature: #111775 ]
SDV360833Un-published: Watson, A.. 2007-2017?. Devon Crosses. Mixed Archive Material + Digital. 59 (Vol 1); 213 (Vol 2).

Associated Monuments

MDV9584Related to: PARISH CHURCH in the Parish of (Building)

Associated Finds: none recorded

Associated Events: none recorded


Date Last Edited:Nov 28 2018 1:54PM