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HER Number:MDV9942
Name:Clyst Bridge

Summary

Clyst bridge. Made of stone with 5 semi-circular arches. In 1647 it was demolished by a cannonade from sir thomas fairfax's troops. By 1670 it was again in a state of decay but there are no records of the rebuilding (os).

Location

Grid Reference:SX 970 882
Map Sheet:SX98NE
Admin AreaDevon
Civil ParishClyst St. George
Civil ParishExeter
DistrictEast Devon
DistrictExeter
Ecclesiastical ParishTOPSHAM

Protected Status

Other References/Statuses

  • National Monuments Record: 447810
  • Old DCC SMR Ref: SX98NE/14
  • Old Listed Building Ref (II): 88892
  • Old Listed Building Ref (II*): 86139

Monument Type(s) and Dates

  • BRIDGE (Early Medieval to Post Medieval - 1066 AD to 1750 AD (Between))

Full description

Untitled Source (Migrated Record). SDV148.

Clyst bridge. Made of stone with 5 semi-circular arches. In 1647 it was demolished by a cannonade from sir thomas fairfax's troops. By 1670 it was again in a state of decay but there are no records of the rebuilding (os).


NMR, CITING OS, Untitled Source (Report - Survey). SDV23600.

Vis=15/9/1982 (os) as above. Underside of arches show widening (nmr, citing os).


Untitled Source (Migrated Record). SDV23602.

Henderson, c. + jervoise, e. /old devon bridges/(1938)70.


Untitled Source (Migrated Record). SDV23603.

Osa=sx98ne7/photograph.


Untitled Source (Migrated Record). SDV23604.

Doe/hhr:clyst st. George/(19/3/1987)1.


Ordnance Survey Archaeology Division, Untitled Source (Ordnance Survey Archaeology Division Card). SDV24.

Vis=30/6/1953 (os) the bridge has been widened on each side by about 0.7m and is on a slightly different alignment, the earlier masonry being visible beneath the arches. Present width 6.0m. Probably xvii century but no direct evidence.(os).


Howell, G., 2001, Clyst or Topsham Bridge, Devon (Correspondence). SDV351555.

That part of the bridge within the Exeter City District is currently listed Grade II*, while that part in East Devon District is Grade II listed. The Secretary of State is to consider the appropriate grade for the bridge and whether the list descriptions should be amended.


Ordnance Survey, 2013, MasterMap (Cartographic). SDV350786.


English Heritage, 2013, National Heritage List for England (National Heritage List for England). SDV350785.

Road bridge over River Clyst. Early C17 or earlier; largely destroyed circa mid C17; rebuilt and widened C18 and C19. Random rubble limestone. Four round main arches and a smaller floodwater arch to west. West arch has remains of springing of an earlier arch exposed on the south side. Dressed limestone arch rings; cutwaters to north and south; parapet with semi-circular coping. Earlier masonry visible under the arches and bridge widened by about 0.7m on either side [SMR]. The bridge was reported in 1647 as having been demolished by the command of Sir Thomas Fairfax and was still "unbuilt to the great prejudices" of the district. Twenty-three years later it was again said to be in decay. There is no date for the rebuilding [former list description for Exeter states that it was built in 1745 by Andrew Parker], but there are at least two builds visible. SOURCES: [1] Henderson, C. and Jervoise, E. Old Devon Bridges [Exeter 1938] pp.69-70. [2]SMR.


Pink, F., 2014-2015, South Devon Coast Rapid Coastal Zone Assessment Survey Desk-Based Assessment (Interpretation). SDV357736.

Sources / Further Reading

SDV148Migrated Record:
SDV23600Report - Survey: NMR, CITING OS.
SDV23602Migrated Record:
SDV23603Migrated Record:
SDV23604Migrated Record:
SDV24Ordnance Survey Archaeology Division Card: Ordnance Survey Archaeology Division. Ordnance Survey Archaeology Division Card. Card Index.
SDV350785National Heritage List for England: English Heritage. 2013. National Heritage List for England. Historic Houses Register. Digital.
SDV350786Cartographic: Ordnance Survey. 2013. MasterMap. Ordnance Survey Digital Mapping. Digital. [Mapped feature: #110387 ]
SDV351555Correspondence: Howell, G.. 2001. Clyst or Topsham Bridge, Devon. Letter + Photos. Digital.
SDV357736Interpretation: Pink, F.. 2014-2015. South Devon Coast Rapid Coastal Zone Assessment Survey Desk-Based Assessment. AC Archaeology Report. Digital.
Linked documents:1

Associated Monuments: none recorded

Associated Finds: none recorded

Associated Events

  • EDV4354 - Milestone Survey

Date Last Edited:May 5 2015 2:21PM