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Name:St Annes Castle Inn
SMR Number:5964
Type of record:Listed Building
Grid Reference:TL 727 171
Map Sheet:TL71NW
Parish:GREAT AND LITTLE LEIGHS, CHELMSFORD, ESSEX

Summary

Early C19 building on site of hermitage.

Full description

A tenement called St Anne's Hermitage named after a pre-Reformation hermitage, was sold in 1571. By Morant's time it had been converted to an alehouse and is now the St Anne's Castle public house. Named St Anns in 1777 on the C$A map, St Anns Castle on OS 1st Ed <1>-<7> Pencil notation in source 7 refers to "St Anne's 1645", "Ale house called St Anne's 1637", also may refer to St Anns being mentioned in 1778. The reference given seems to be to the Essex Record Office <8> <9> <10> After the Dissolution, it was given to Thomas Jennings in 1571. In 1636 one Will Chandler is recorded as "keeper of the Inns at Pleshie and St Annes" (is this same as source 9?). An inn is shown here on Ogilby's map of 1675. The present building is early 19th century <11> <12> This source has a picture of the present inn's attractive signboard <13>


<1> Ordnance Survey, unknown, OS cards, TL71NW05, 1950 (RECORD SHEET/FORM). SEX52658.


<2> unknown, 1960 0nwards, SMR form unknown (DESC TEXT). SEX4.


<3> Morant, P, 1768, History of Essex, Vol 2, p98 (DESC TEXT). SEX3817.


<4> Trans Essex Archaeological Soc, 1923, Trans Essex Archaeol Soc, New Series, Vol 16, p113 (DESC TEXT). SEX689.


<5> Chapman, J and Andre, P, 1777, Chapman and Andre (C&A), sheet XIII (Map). SEX1417.


<6> Ordnance Survey, 1805, OS, OS 1st Ed (Map). SEX2909.


<7> Reaney, PH, 1935, Place Names of Essex, pp257-258 (DESC TEXT). SEX10131.


<8> unknown, 1645, Q-SR329-61 (DESC TEXT). SEX20172.


<9> unknown, 1637, D-ABA 8f.127d (DESC TEXT). SEX20173.


<10> unknown, 1718, Q-5Bb.292 (DESC TEXT). SEX20174.


<11> unknown, 1975, List of Buildings of Special Architectural or Historic Interest:Chelmsford, p81 (DESC TEXT). SEX2577.


<12> Ogilby, 1675, MAP by Ogilby (Map). SEX20175.


<13> Rushen, J, 1986, With Script and Staff and Badge Adorned, Vol 7, No 3, p45 (DESC TEXT). SEX20168.


<14> unknown, 1970-1993 c., ECC Historic Buildings Photo Print Archive, 1 frame, 6/1985 (Photograph). SEX56253.

Monument Types

  • HOUSE (C19, Post Medieval - 1800 AD to 1832 AD)
  • INN (C19, Post Medieval - 1800 AD to 1832 AD)

Associated Finds

  • BRICK (Post Medieval - 1540 AD to 1900 AD)

Protected Status

  • Historic Environment Character Zone: Chelmsford 14.5
  • Historic Environment Character Area: Chelmsford 14
  • Listed Building (EH) (II) 1338459: ST ANNE'S CASTLE INN

Sources and further reading

<1>RECORD SHEET/FORM: Ordnance Survey. unknown. OS cards. TL71NW05, 1950.
<2>DESC TEXT: unknown. 1960 0nwards. SMR form unknown.
<3>DESC TEXT: Morant, P. 1768. History of Essex. Vol 2, p98.
<4>DESC TEXT: Trans Essex Archaeological Soc. 1923. Trans Essex Archaeol Soc. New Series, Vol 16, p113.
<5>Map: Chapman, J and Andre, P. 1777. Chapman and Andre (C&A). Paper. sheet XIII.
<6>Map: Ordnance Survey. 1805. OS. OS 1st Ed.
<7>DESC TEXT: Reaney, PH. 1935. Place Names of Essex. pp257-258.
<8>DESC TEXT: unknown. 1645. Q-SR329-61.
<9>DESC TEXT: unknown. 1637. D-ABA 8f.127d.
<10>DESC TEXT: unknown. 1718. Q-5Bb.292.
<11>DESC TEXT: unknown. 1975. List of Buildings of Special Architectural or Historic Interest:Chelmsford. p81.
<12>Map: Ogilby. 1675. MAP by Ogilby.
<13>DESC TEXT: Rushen, J. 1986. With Script and Staff and Badge Adorned. Vol 7, No 3, p45.
<14>Photograph: unknown. 1970-1993 c.. ECC Historic Buildings Photo Print Archive. 1 frame, 6/1985.