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HHER Number:1944
Type of record:Monument


Medieval homestead moat

Grid Reference:TL 403 334
Map Sheet:TL43SW
Parish:Anstey, East Hertfordshire, Hertfordshire
Map:Show location on Streetmap

Monument Types

  • MOAT (Medieval - 1066 AD to 1500 AD)

Protected Status

  • Area of Archaeological Significance
  • Scheduled Ancient Monument 20607: PAIN'S END MOATED SITE.

Full description

Remains of a homestead moat, a wet ditch, and parallel to the south face, at a distance of 60 ft, traces of a dry ditch <1>. 'A waterfilled homestead moat, measuring overall c.60m E-W by c.35m transversely, with arms from 7m to 10m wide. The moat was cleared and refilled only in recent years. The internal area is under grass and orchard, and shows no trace of a structure' <2>. As OS description but with a causeway on S arm <3>.
The moat is shown on the later 19th century OS maps <4, 5> in more or less complete form, a rectangular feature with an entrance in the centre of the south arm with the ditches to each side of this entrance at a slight outward angle. The west and SW arms were broader than all the others, and all the arms lay at the base of larger and wider gullies. Trees lined the moat, and the orchard on the island was already present.

Enclosure Map, Anstey, 1832 (Cartographic material). SHT3248.

CUCAP, Moated site at Anstey, PNO 3927 (Aerial Photograph). SHT15199.

Scheduled Monument description (Scheduling record). SHT9990.

<1> RCHM (England), 1911, Inventory of the historical monuments in Hertfordshire, - p35 (Bibliographic reference). SHT9222.

<2> OS Records (Index). SHT8223.

<3> Cave-Penny, Helena (HCC) site report, 20.2.86 (Unpublished document). SHT4214.

<4> OS 25 inch map, 1st edition, 1876-92 (Cartographic material). SHT8116.

<5> OS 25 inch map, 2nd edition (1897-1901), 1898 (Cartographic material). SHT8113.

Sources and further reading

---Aerial Photograph: CUCAP. Moated site at Anstey. PNO 3927.
---Cartographic material: Enclosure Map. Anstey, 1832.
---Scheduling record: Scheduled Monument description.
<1>Bibliographic reference: RCHM (England). 1911. Inventory of the historical monuments in Hertfordshire. - p35.
<2>Index: OS Records.
<3>Unpublished document: Cave-Penny, Helena (HCC) site report. 20.2.86.
<4>Cartographic material: OS 25 inch map, 1st edition. 1876-92.
<5>Cartographic material: OS 25 inch map, 2nd edition (1897-1901). 1898.