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HHER Number:96
Type of record:Monument
Name:SITE OF ROYAL PALACE, THE NEW SCHOOL, KINGS LANGLEY

Summary

Late 13th century palace

Images

No image caption available  © Hertfordshire County Council

No image caption available © Hertfordshire County Council

Grid Reference:TL 065 025
Map Sheet:TL00SE
Parish:Kings Langley, Dacorum, Hertfordshire
Map:Show location on Streetmap

Monument Types

  • BUILDING (Medieval - 1066 AD to 1500 AD)
  • PALACE (Medieval - 1066 AD to 1500 AD)
  • WALL (Medieval - 1066 AD to 1500 AD)
  • WELL (Medieval - 1066 AD to 1500 AD)

Associated Events

  • Evaluation at Rudolf Steiner School, Kings Langley, 2012 (Ref: AS 1540)

Protected Status

  • Scheduled Ancient Monument 84:10939
  • Scheduled Ancient Monument HT84: ROYAL PALACE (SITE OF)
  • Area of Archaeological Significance 46

Full description

The manor was acquired by Eleanor of Castile in 1276. In the years 1279-97 extensive alterations (evidently to an existing manorial centre) were carried out, including backfilling of a moat, construction of royal chambers and a large wine cellar. Seriously damaged by fire in 1431, by 1591 the Palace was reported to be in decay. Excavation in 1970 revealed part of the plan <1>, and subsequent work has made it possible to work out the general layout. Further excavations located a well-documented domestic range called 'de Longgreuve'; and the weathering cone of the Great Well <6>.
In 1993 several fragments of walls and associated robber trenches, ditches and floor surfaces were found. There were also a large number of finds including a possible French 15th century trading token <2, 7>. Groups of 13th to 15th century pottery were found during rescue excavations in 1961, 1974 and 1977 <3>.
Assessment in 2012 concluded that substantial remains might survive beneath the school on the site <9>. But a subsequent test pit on the site of 'Le Longrewe', the building excavated in the 1970s, found that all trace of it had been removed <10>.


Medieval Archaeology, Vol 21 (1977), 124-65 (Serial). SHT367.


OS Records (Index). SHT8223.


RCHM (England), 1911, Inventory of the historical monuments in Hertfordshire, - p135 (Bibliographic reference). SHT9222.


Anon, 1914, 49th excursion, September 23, 1914; Trans East Herts Archaeol Soc 5/3, 305-6, - p306 (Article in serial). SHT6924.


Renn, D F, 1968, Further finds of medieval pottery from Elstree: with a survey of unglazed thumb-pressed jugs; Herts Archaeol 1, 124-7, - p126 (Article in serial). SHT4607.


Roberts, Eileen, 1974, Totternhoe stone and flint in Hertfordshire churches; Medieval Archaeol 18, 66-89, - p72 (Article in serial). SHT2130.


<1> Neal, David S, 1973, Excavations at the Palace and Priory at Kings Langley, 1970; Herts Archaeology 3, 31-72 (Article in serial). SHT4493.


<2> Hertfordshire Archaeological Trust, n.d., (Notes on an evaluation at Rudolf Steiner School, Kings Langley, 1993) (Unpublished document). SHT4672.


<3> Turner-Rugg, Alison, 1993, Medieval pottery in Hertfordshire: a gazetteer of the principal collections; Herts Archaeology 11, 30-53, - p37 (Article in serial). SHT583.


<4> Fisher, Dr R, 1956, Excavation at Kings Langley Priory; Watford & SW Herts Archaeol Soc Bull 6 (Sept 1956), 3-4 (Article in serial). SHT8555.


<5> Fisher, Dr R, 1961, Emergency excavations at Kings Langley Palace; Watford & SW Herts Archaeol Soc Bull 18 (Oct 1961), 3-4 (Article in serial). SHT8443.


<6> Neal, D S, 1977, Excavations at the Palace of Kings Langley, Herts, 1974-6; Medieval Archaeology 21, 124-65 (Article in serial). SHT4169.


<7> Zeepvat, R J, 1995, HAU/HAT backlog archive review: smaller sites, RNO 316 (Report). SHT12953.


<8> Colvin, H M (ed.), 1963, The history of the King's works; vol II, - p970-7 (Bibliographic reference). SHT4836.


<9> Thompson, Peter, Collins, Tansy, & Henry, Kath, 2012, Rudolf Steiner School, Kings Langley, Hertfordshire: an archaeological desk-based assessment, RNO 2960 (Report). SHT4229.


<10> Pozorski, Zbigniew, 2012, Rudolf Steiner School, Kings Langley, Hertfordshire: an archaeological evaluation, RNO 2961 (Report). SHT4233.

Sources and further reading

---Article in serial: Roberts, Eileen. 1974. Totternhoe stone and flint in Hertfordshire churches; Medieval Archaeol 18, 66-89. - p72.
---Serial: Medieval Archaeology. Vol 21 (1977), 124-65.
---Article in serial: Renn, D F. 1968. Further finds of medieval pottery from Elstree: with a survey of unglazed thumb-pressed jugs; Herts Archaeol 1, 124-7. - p126.
---Article in serial: Anon. 1914. 49th excursion, September 23, 1914; Trans East Herts Archaeol Soc 5/3, 305-6. - p306.
---Index: OS Records.
---Bibliographic reference: RCHM (England). 1911. Inventory of the historical monuments in Hertfordshire. - p135.
<1>Article in serial: Neal, David S. 1973. Excavations at the Palace and Priory at Kings Langley, 1970; Herts Archaeology 3, 31-72.
<2>Unpublished document: Hertfordshire Archaeological Trust. n.d.. (Notes on an evaluation at Rudolf Steiner School, Kings Langley, 1993).
<3>Article in serial: Turner-Rugg, Alison. 1993. Medieval pottery in Hertfordshire: a gazetteer of the principal collections; Herts Archaeology 11, 30-53. - p37.
<4>Article in serial: Fisher, Dr R. 1956. Excavation at Kings Langley Priory; Watford & SW Herts Archaeol Soc Bull 6 (Sept 1956), 3-4.
<5>Article in serial: Fisher, Dr R. 1961. Emergency excavations at Kings Langley Palace; Watford & SW Herts Archaeol Soc Bull 18 (Oct 1961), 3-4.
<6>Article in serial: Neal, D S. 1977. Excavations at the Palace of Kings Langley, Herts, 1974-6; Medieval Archaeology 21, 124-65.
<7>Report: Zeepvat, R J. 1995. HAU/HAT backlog archive review: smaller sites. archive assessment. RNO 316.
<8>Bibliographic reference: Colvin, H M (ed.). 1963. The history of the King's works; vol II. - p970-7.
<9>Report: Thompson, Peter, Collins, Tansy, & Henry, Kath. 2012. Rudolf Steiner School, Kings Langley, Hertfordshire: an archaeological desk-based assessment. desk-based assessment. RNO 2960.
<10>Report: Pozorski, Zbigniew. 2012. Rudolf Steiner School, Kings Langley, Hertfordshire: an archaeological evaluation. field evaluation. RNO 2961.

Related records

12533Parent of: WASTE AT LANGLEY HILL AND VICARAGE LANE, KINGS LANGLEY (Monument)