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Name:CIVIL WAR DEFENCES, CROWLAND
HER Number:22051
Type of record:Monument

Summary

CIVIL WAR DEFENCES, CROWLAND

Grid Reference:TF 242 103
Map Sheet:TF21SW
Parish:CROWLAND, SOUTH HOLLAND, LINCOLNSHIRE

Full description

DURING THE CIVIL WAR CROWLAND ABBEY CHURCH SERVED AS A ROYALIST STRONGHOLD AND WAS SURROUNDED BY EARTHEN DEFENCES MADE BY MR WELBY OF GEDNEY AND THE KINGS TENANTS. THE FIELD WORK WAS CONSTRUCTED OF BANKS AND DITCHES AND TOOK THE FORM OF A DEFENSIVE RAMPART AROUND THE CHURCHYARD WITH PROJECTING BASTIONS. IN THE C18 THE NAVE AND SOUTH AISLE BECAME RUINED AND PARISH USE WAS RESTRICTED TO THE NORTH AISLE. THE EARTHWORKS OF THE CIVIL WAR DEFENCES ARE INCLUDED IN THE SCHEDULING WITH THE RUINS OF PART OF THE ABBEY CHURCH, THE BURIED REMAINS OF THE ANGLO SAXON HERMITAGE AND MONASTERY (00263) AND MEDIEVAL MONASTIC BUILDINGS (23519). THERE IS A FULL DESCRIPTION IN THE REVISED SCHEDULING DOCUMENT 22613. {1}{2}


<1> GRESLEY J, 1856, PARISH FILE, - (Graphic Material). SLI2039.

<2> ENGLISH HERITAGE, 1994, REVISED SCHEDULING DOCUMENT 22613, MPP 23 (Scheduling Record). SLI4247.

Monument Types

  • SIEGEWORK (Post Medieval - 1600 AD to 1699 AD)
  • SIEGEWORK (Post Medieval - 1600 AD to 1699 AD)

Protected Status

  • Scheduled Monument
  • Conservation Area

Sources and further reading

<1>Graphic Material: GRESLEY J. 1856. PARISH FILE. CROWLAND. -.
<2>Scheduling Record: ENGLISH HERITAGE. 1994. REVISED SCHEDULING DOCUMENT 22613. MPP 23.

Related records

20551Related to: Crowland Abbey (Monument)
23519Related to: The site of the Anglo-Saxon monastery of Crowland (Monument)