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Name:Neolithic Long Barrow, Nettleton
HER Number:50567
Type of record:Monument

Summary

Neolithic long barrow, to the south-east of Nettleton.

Grid Reference:TF 129 980
Map Sheet:TF19NW
Parish:NETTLETON, WEST LINDSEY, LINCOLNSHIRE

Full description

Cropmark of an oblong long barrow, ditched and with traces of internal features seen on aerial photographs. {1}{2}{3}{4}

The remains of the barrow were recorded during a geophysical survey, conducted in the winter of 1992, and partially excavated in March 1993 by British Gas. {5}

The Neolithic long barrow, 940m north-north-west of Mount Pleasant, is an important example of this class of monument. It was observed as a cropmark site and confirmed by geophysical survey and part excavation. A substantial portion of the ditch survives, together with internal features cut into the original ground surface. The limited excavation served to establish, beyond doubt, the prehistoric nature of the site as well as providing valuable evidence relating to the construction of the mound and the ditch, and the timespan during which the monument was built. The archaeological work left the southern portion of the monument undisturbed, including the area which would have seen the greatest activity. Much rare and valuable archaeological information will be retained in the ditch fills and within the area of the mound, and organic material preserved in these contexts will provide further evidence illustrating the nature of the landscape in which the monument was constructed and used. A further ditch thought to be broadly contemporary with the barrow survives beneath the present ground surface and archaeological deposits contained within its fills together with its stratigraphic relationship to the monument will provide information concerning prehistoric land use patterns around the barrow. The barrow is one of a number of Neolithic and Bronze Age funerary sites associated with the prehistoric trackway now formalised as High Street. For more detail see the Scheduling Document 27862. The RCHM plot is slightly to the north-west of the monument area indicated on the scheduling document map. {6}

This long barrow is located on a ridge top, below the crest, adjacent to the High Street ridgeway. It is aligned north-north-west by south-south-east, and its long axis traverses the contours. It appears as an oblong-shaped enclosure with convex ends. {7}{8}


<1> Paul Everson, 1975-90, RCHM, 5171/3 (1977) (Aerial Photograph). SLI196.

<2> Royal Commission on the Historical Monuments of England, 1946-98, RCHME National Aerial Photograph Collection at Swindon, TF1398/3 (1979) (Aerial Photograph). SLI145.

<3> S.J. Catney, 1993, LONG BARROW CROPMARK, NETTLETON, - (Photograph). SLI3725.

<4> Royal Commission on the Historical Monuments of England, 1992-1996, National Mapping Programme, TF 1298: LI.298.6.1 (Map). SLI3613.

<5> BRITISH GAS, 1993, Skitter to Hatton Pipeline Report, SH20, pp.31-41 (Report). SLI2030.

<6> ENGLISH HERITAGE, 1996, SCHEDULING DOCUMENT 27862, MPP 22 (Scheduling Record). SLI4431.

<7> Dilwyn Jones, 1998, 'Long Barrows and Neolithic Elongated Enclosures in Lincolnshire: An Analysis of the Air Photographic Evidence' in Proceedings of the Prehistoric Society, vol.64, pp.83-114 (Article in Serial). SLI5407.

<8> Dilwyn Jones, 1998, Gazetteer of Neolithic Elongated Enclosures and Extant Long Barrows in (Historic) Lincolnshire, no.48 (Index). SLI2302.

Monument Types

  • LONG BARROW (Early Neolithic to Late Neolithic - 4000 BC to 2351 BC)

Associated Finds

  • SHERD (Early Neolithic to Late Neolithic - 4000 BC to 2351 BC)

Associated Events

  • Skitter to Hatton Pipeline
  • Magnetometer survey of long barrow
  • Trenching of long barrow

Protected Status

  • Scheduled Monument

Sources and further reading

<1>Aerial Photograph: Paul Everson. 1975-90. RCHM. 5171/3 (1977).
<2>Aerial Photograph: Royal Commission on the Historical Monuments of England. 1946-98. RCHME National Aerial Photograph Collection at Swindon. TF1398/3 (1979).
<3>Photograph: S.J. Catney. 1993. LONG BARROW CROPMARK, NETTLETON. -.
<4>Map: Royal Commission on the Historical Monuments of England. 1992-1996. National Mapping Programme. TF 1298: LI.298.6.1.
<5>Report: BRITISH GAS. 1993. Skitter to Hatton Pipeline Report. SH20, pp.31-41.
<6>Scheduling Record: ENGLISH HERITAGE. 1996. SCHEDULING DOCUMENT 27862. MPP 22.
<7>Article in Serial: Dilwyn Jones. 1998. 'Long Barrows and Neolithic Elongated Enclosures in Lincolnshire: An Analysis of the Air Photographic Evidence' in Proceedings of the Prehistoric Society. vol.64, pp.83-114.
<8>Index: Dilwyn Jones. 1998. Gazetteer of Neolithic Elongated Enclosures and Extant Long Barrows in (Historic) Lincolnshire. no.48.