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Name:Lincoln Cathedral
HER Number:MLI70012
Type of record:Building

Summary

Lincoln Cathedral.

Grid Reference:SK 977 718
Map Sheet:SK97SE
Parish:MINSTER, LINCOLN, LINCOLNSHIRE

Full description

The cathedral is essentially of three periods, two of them divided into two phases each. The first is the Norman west front. The original cathedral was built by Bishop Remigius starting sometime between 1072 and 1075, and consecrated in 1092. It was enlarged by Bishop Alexander. The second phase is Early English from 1192 to 1250, and 1256 and about 1300, by Bishop St Hugh and his successors. The final medieval building phase was carried out in the 14th and 15th centuries. {1}{2}{3}

Archaeological investigations were carried out in 1992, during installation of electricity cables at the cathedral. Inside the cathedral, trenches were dug in the north transept, the nave, St Anne's chapel and the cloister. Structural remains associated with the Romanesque church were identified, including a stone slab floor. There was also evidence of fire destruction and a stylobate. Burials were encountered in the north transept and the nave. External excavations at the Dean's Green, the cathedral west front and the north-east lawn revealed some archaeological features, including sections of wall, but they were not greatly significant, and were mostly disturbed. {4}

The changing moisture content of some of the roof timbers at Lincoln Cathedral were surveyed in 1995, as part of a national study to inform better preservation of medieval roof structures. Resistance moisture meters were installed in the roofs of the Consistory Court and Ringers' Chapel, in an attempt to assess their vulnerability to Deathwatch Beetles and Oak Rot Fungus. The survey recorded a seasonal variation of moisture content at the surface of the timbers, with more stable moisture levels deeper in. {5}

During a watching brief in 1998, a concrete patch was recorded adjacent to the flying buttresses of the chapter house, which may represent a later support to a buttress. Brick foundations or a surface located immediately east of the cathedral may represent an early path or boundary within the cathedral grounds, as depicted on the 1938 6" Ordnance Survey map. Dump deposits possibly associated with grave-digging or dumping were also noted. {6}{7}


<1> Nikolaus Pevsner and John Harris, with Nicholas Antram, 1989, Buildings of England: Lincolnshire (Second Edition), pp.444-82 (Bibliographic Reference). SLI1062.

<2> Morgan, Nigel; Cheshire, Jim; Kupper, Tom; Bennett, Carol, 2012, Stained Glass of Lincoln Cathedral, - (Bibliographic Reference). SLI13805.

<3> Fernie, E.C., 1977, 'Alexander's Frieze on Lincoln Minster' in Lincolnshire History and Archaeology, vol.12, pp.19-28 (Article in Serial). SLI6104.

<4> City of Lincoln Archaeology Unit, 1992, Lincoln Cathedral 1992 Electricity Cable Installation: Archaeological Report (Interim), - (Report). SLI1834.

<5> Historic England, 2020, The Variability in Resistance Moisture Meter Readings Obtained From Medieval Roofs, - (Report). SLI16663.

<6> Archaeological Project Services, Dec 1998, The Cathedral Church of the Blessed Virgin Mary, Lincoln, LCL98 (Report). SLI8250.

<7> Archaeological Project Services, Dec 1998, The Cathedral Church of the Blessed Virgin Mary, Lincoln, LCNCC 161.98 (Archive). SLI8251.

Monument Types

  • BURIAL (Medieval - 1066 AD to 1539 AD)
  • CATHEDRAL (Medieval to Modern - 1066 AD to 2050 AD)

Associated Finds

  • HUMAN REMAINS (Medieval - 1066 AD to 1539 AD)

Associated Events

  • Cathedral Church of the Blessed Virgin Mary, Lincoln
  • Archaeological investigation at Lincoln Cathedral, 1992
  • The Variability in Resistance Moisture Meter Readings Obtained From Medieval Roofs

Protected Status

  • Listed Building
  • Conservation Area

Sources and further reading

<1>Bibliographic Reference: Nikolaus Pevsner and John Harris, with Nicholas Antram. 1989. Buildings of England: Lincolnshire (Second Edition). pp.444-82.
<2>Bibliographic Reference: Morgan, Nigel; Cheshire, Jim; Kupper, Tom; Bennett, Carol. 2012. Stained Glass of Lincoln Cathedral. -.
<3>Article in Serial: Fernie, E.C.. 1977. 'Alexander's Frieze on Lincoln Minster' in Lincolnshire History and Archaeology. vol.12, pp.19-28.
<4>Report: City of Lincoln Archaeology Unit. 1992. Lincoln Cathedral 1992 Electricity Cable Installation: Archaeological Report (Interim). -.
<5>Report: Historic England. 2020. The Variability in Resistance Moisture Meter Readings Obtained From Medieval Roofs. -.
<6>Report: Archaeological Project Services. Dec 1998. The Cathedral Church of the Blessed Virgin Mary, Lincoln. LCL98.
<7>Archive: Archaeological Project Services. Dec 1998. The Cathedral Church of the Blessed Virgin Mary, Lincoln. LCNCC 161.98.

Related records

MLI70180Related to: Cathedral Close Wall, Lincoln (Monument)
MLI70155Related to: Close Wall north of Old Palace and Priory Gate (Monument)
MLI70144Related to: THE POTTERGATE (Monument)