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HER Number: 1142
Record Type: Monument
Name: Cogges Fortified Manor House

Designations

  • Scheduled Monument () 1016269: The remains of a medieval moated manor, priory, settlement and associated features, Cogges
Grid Reference: SP 360 095
Parish:WITNEY, WEST OXFORDSHIRE, OXFORDSHIRE

Monument Type(s):

Summary

Fortified manor house (PRN 4598) originally termed 'castle' within double moat (PRN 1142). Moat partially waterfilled. See SAM form for details

Associated Monuments

  • None
  • Associated Finds:

  • None
  • Description

    (1) Double enclosure forming 2 courts, one to the south of the other. South one entirely surrounded by an irregular four sided moat, the northern one, of about equal area, has the river for its western side and a ditch on the eastern. On the northern side is a deep ditch with a rampart on the inside curving outwards from the bank of the river. Entrance NE corner of this court.
    (2) In 1969 southern moat waterfilled; rampart on north ditch of north moat destroyed; ditch now dry. No evidence of a castle at this site; probably due to tradition
    PRN 4598
    (4) Not classified as a castle for MPP; actually this site is a fortified manor house
    (6) A geophysical survey was undertaken in 1977 to locate and identify remains of earlier buildings in the immediate environs of the house, and to reveal any structures associated with the northernmost of the two moats which lie near the Windrush crossing between Cogges and Witney. Areas indicating ditches, buried walls and the vague circular outline of a large banked structure, possibly a levelled motte, and other structures, were located
    (7) The second season of archaeological research and training at Cogges in 1987 produced new information about both the deserted village site and layout of major C12th buildings on the moated site known as 'Cogges Castle'. Part of the moat island was incorporated into the churchyard in the C19th. In recent years, gravedigging has revealed the existence of substantial wall footings beneath the ground. The results confirm that there are major buildings on the moat island. Two parallel walls were defined, probably delimiting a building some 7m wide


    <1a> Aerial Photographs, SP 3609/A SP 3609/B SP 3609/C SP 3609/D SP 3609/M SP 3609/O (Photograph). SOX295.


    <1> Victoria County History of Oxford, Vol II, p.332 (Serial). SOX252.


    <2> OS Record Card, SP 30 NE 12 (Index). SOX273.


    <3> CBA South Midlands Group, South Midlands Archaeology, Excavation in churchyard exVol 16 (1986), p 118 (Serial). SOX5.


    <4> MPP Documents for Oxfordshire, HERO, 18.11.92 (Index). SOX259.


    <5> Black and White print photographs, 1 of moated site (no date) (Photograph). SOX315.


    <6> CBA South Midlands Group, South Midlands Archaeology, CBA9 NL 8 (1978) p.69 (Serial). SOX5.


    <7> OAU Newsletter, Arch News vol xiii no 4 December 1990 p.10; Vol XV, No 2 September 1987 pp.6-7 (Article in serial). SOX270.

    Sources

    <1>Victoria County History of Oxford. Vol II, p.332. [Serial / SOX252]
    <1a>Aerial Photographs. SP 3609/A SP 3609/B SP 3609/C SP 3609/D SP 3609/M SP 3609/O. [Photograph / SOX295]
    <2>OS Record Card. SP 30 NE 12. [Index / SOX273]
    <3>CBA South Midlands Group. South Midlands Archaeology. Excavation in churchyard exVol 16 (1986), p 118. [Serial / SOX5]
    <4>MPP Documents for Oxfordshire. HERO, 18.11.92. [Index / SOX259]
    <5>Black and White print photographs. 1 of moated site (no date). [Photograph / SOX315]
    <6>CBA South Midlands Group. South Midlands Archaeology. CBA9 NL 8 (1978) p.69. [Serial / SOX5]
    <7>OAU Newsletter. Arch News vol xiii no 4 December 1990 p.10; Vol XV, No 2 September 1987 pp.6-7. [Article in serial / SOX270]